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ElixSure Cough Gel Syrup


Pronunciation: DEX-troe-meth-OR-fan
Generic Name: Dextromethorphan
Brand Name: ElixSure Cough
ElixSure Cough Gel Syrup is used for:

Temporarily relieving cough due to the common cold, hay fever, upper respiratory tract infections, sinus inflammation, sore throat, or bronchitis.

ElixSure Cough Gel Syrup is a cough suppressant. It works in the cough center of the brain to reduce a dry or nonproductive cough.

Do NOT use ElixSure Cough Gel Syrup if: you are allergic to any ingredient in ElixSure Cough Gel Syrup you are taking or have taken furazolidone or a monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitor (eg, phenelzine) within the last 14 days

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

Before using ElixSure Cough Gel Syrup:

Some medical conditions may interact with ElixSure Cough Gel Syrup. Tell your health care provider if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

if you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances if you have chronic cough, chronic bronchitis, asthma, emphysema, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), or if cough occurs with a large amount of mucus

Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with ElixSure Cough Gel Syrup. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:

Furazolidone or MAO inhibitors (eg, phenelzine) because the risk of toxic side effects may be increased by ElixSure Cough Gel Syrup

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if ElixSure Cough Gel Syrup may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

How to use ElixSure Cough Gel Syrup:

Use ElixSure Cough Gel Syrup as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

ElixSure Cough Gel Syrup may be taken with or without food. Take with food if stomach upset occurs. Shake well before using. Use the teaspoon provided with ElixSure Cough Gel Syrup to measure your dose. Ask your pharmacist for help if you are unsure of how to measure your dose. If you miss a dose of ElixSure Cough Gel Syrup and you are taking it regularly, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use ElixSure Cough Gel Syrup.

Important safety information: ElixSure Cough Gel Syrup may cause drowsiness, dizziness, blurred vision, or lightheadedness. Do not drive, operate machinery, or do anything else that could be dangerous until you know how you react to ElixSure Cough Gel Syrup. Using ElixSure Cough Gel Syrup alone, with certain other medicines, or with alcohol may lessen your ability to drive or to perform other potentially dangerous tasks. If your cough lasts for more than 1 week or comes back, or if you also have a fever, rash, or persistent headache, contact your health care provider. A persistent cough could be a sign of a serious condition. ElixSure Cough Gel Syrup contains dextromethorphan. Before you being taking any new prescription or nonprescription medicine, read the ingredients to see if it also contains dextromethorphan. If it does or if you are not sure, contact your health care provider or pharmacist. Diabetes patients - Some brands of ElixSure Cough Gel Syrup may contain sugar and affect your blood sugar level. Read the label carefully before using ElixSure Cough Gel Syrup. ElixSure Cough Gel Syrup is not recommended for use in CHILDREN younger than 2 years of age. Safety and effectiveness in this age group have not been confirmed. PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: It is unknown if ElixSure Cough Gel Syrup can cause harm to the fetus. If you become pregnant while taking ElixSure Cough Gel Syrup, discuss with your doctor the benefits and risks of using ElixSure Cough Gel Syrup during pregnancy. It is unknown if ElixSure Cough Gel Syrup is excreted in breast milk. Do not breast-feed while taking ElixSure Cough Gel Syrup. Possible side effects of ElixSure Cough Gel Syrup:

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:

Dizziness; drowsiness; stomach upset.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue).

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.

See also: ElixSure Cough side effects (in more detail)

If OVERDOSE is suspected:

Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately. Symptoms may include confusion; excitement; hallucinations; slowed breathing.

Proper storage of ElixSure Cough Gel Syrup:

Store ElixSure Cough Gel Syrup between 68 and 77 degrees F (20 and 25 degrees C), away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep ElixSure Cough Gel Syrup out of the reach of children and away from pets.

General information: If you have any questions about ElixSure Cough Gel Syrup, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider. ElixSure Cough Gel Syrup is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people. If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor. Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.

This information is a summary only. It does not contain all information about ElixSure Cough Gel Syrup. If you have questions about the medicine you are taking or would like more information, check with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.

Issue Date: February 1, 2012 Database Edition 12.1.1.002 Copyright © 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. More ElixSure Cough resources ElixSure Cough Side Effects (in more detail) ElixSure Cough Use in Pregnancy & Breastfeeding ElixSure Cough Drug Interactions ElixSure Cough Support Group 0 Reviews for ElixSure Cough - Add your own review/rating Compare ElixSure Cough with other medications Cough
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Clarinex Syrup


Pronunciation: DES-lor-A-ta-deen
Generic Name: Desloratadine
Brand Name: Clarinex
Clarinex Syrup is used for:

Treating allergy symptoms and chronic hives. It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.

Clarinex Syrup is an antihistamine. It works by blocking the action of histamine to relieve allergy symptoms, such as sneezing, runny nose, and itchy or watery eyes, and to relieve itching and rash due to chronic hives.

Do NOT use Clarinex Syrup if: you are allergic to any ingredient in Clarinex Syrup or to loratadine

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

Before using Clarinex Syrup:

Some medical conditions may interact with Clarinex Syrup. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances if you have kidney or liver problems

Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with Clarinex Syrup. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:

Amiodarone because the risk of fast or irregular heartbeat may be increased Other antihistamines (eg, diphenhydramine), azithromycin, cimetidine, erythromycin, fluoxetine, or ketoconazole because they may increase the risk of Clarinex Syrup's side effects

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Clarinex Syrup may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

How to use Clarinex Syrup:

Use Clarinex Syrup as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

An extra patient leaflet is available with Clarinex Syrup. Talk to your pharmacist if you have questions about this information. Take Clarinex Syrup by mouth with or without food. Use a measuring device marked for medicine dosing. Ask your pharmacist for help if you are unsure of how to measure your dose. If you miss a dose of Clarinex Syrup and you are taking it regularly, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Clarinex Syrup.

Important safety information: Clarinex Syrup may cause drowsiness or dizziness. These effects may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use Clarinex Syrup with caution. Do not drive or perform other possibly unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it. Do not change your dose or take Clarinex Syrup more often than prescribed without checking with your doctor. Drowsiness may occur if you take more of Clarinex Syrup than prescribed. Clarinex Syrup may interfere with skin allergy tests. If you are scheduled for a skin test, talk to your doctor. You may need to stop taking Clarinex Syrup for a few days before the tests. Clarinex Syrup should be used with extreme caution in CHILDREN younger than 6 months old; safety and effectiveness in these children have not been confirmed. PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you become pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using Clarinex Syrup while you are pregnant. Clarinex Syrup is found in breast milk. Do not breast-feed while taking Clarinex Syrup. Possible side effects of Clarinex Syrup:

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:

Cough; diarrhea; dizziness; drowsiness; increased or decreased appetite; nausea; nosebleed; sore throat; trouble sleeping; vomiting.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, throat, or tongue); dark urine; ear pain or discharge; fast or irregular heartbeat; fever, chills, or sore throat; mental or mood changes; pale stools; seizures; severe or persistent cough; severe or persistent nosebleed; yellowing of the skin or eyes.

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.

See also: Clarinex side effects (in more detail)

If OVERDOSE is suspected:

Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately. Symptoms may include drowsiness; fast or irregular heartbeat.

Proper storage of Clarinex Syrup:

Store Clarinex Syrup at 77 degrees F (25 degrees C). Brief storage at temperatures between 59 and 86 degrees F (15 and 30 degrees C) is permitted. Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep Clarinex Syrup out of the reach of children and away from pets.

General information: If you have any questions about Clarinex Syrup, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider. Clarinex Syrup is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people. If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor. Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.

This information is a summary only. It does not contain all information about Clarinex Syrup. If you have questions about the medicine you are taking or would like more information, check with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.

Issue Date: February 1, 2012 Database Edition 12.1.1.002 Copyright © 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. More Clarinex resources Clarinex Side Effects (in more detail) Clarinex Use in Pregnancy & Breastfeeding Drug Images Clarinex Drug Interactions Clarinex Support Group 5 Reviews for Clarinex - Add your own review/rating Compare Clarinex with other medications Hay Fever Urticaria
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Heminevrin Syrup


Heminevrin 31.5 mg/ml Syrup

clomethiazole

(as clomethiazole edisilate)

Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start taking this medicine. Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again. If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist. This medicine has been prescribed for you. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm them, even if their symptoms are the same as yours. If any of the side effects get serious, or if you notice any side effects not listed in this leaflet, please tell your doctor or pharmacist. In this leaflet: 1. What Heminevrin Syrup is and what it is used for 2. Before you take Heminevrin Syrup 3. How to take Heminevrin Syrup 4. Possible side effects 5. How to store Heminevrin Syrup 6. Further information What Heminevrin Syrup is and what it is used for

Heminevrin Syrup contains a medicine called clomethiazole. This belongs to a group of medicines called hypnotics and sedatives. It has a calming (sedative) effect on your nervous system.

Heminevrin Syrup is used to:

Treat feelings of restlessness and agitation. Help you if you are unable to sleep (short-term treatment). Relieve the symptoms of alcohol withdrawal. Before you take Heminevrin Syrup Do not take Heminevrin Syrup if: You are allergic (hypersensitive) to clomethiazole or any of the other ingredients in Heminevrin Syrup (see Section 6: Further information). You have lung or breathing problems which have recently got worse.

Do not take Heminevrin Syrup if any of the above apply to you. If you are not sure, talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking Heminevrin Syrup.

Take special care with Heminevrin Syrup

Check with your doctor or pharmacist before taking Heminevrin Syrup if:

You often have difficulty in breathing. You have a condition called ‘sleep apnoea syndrome’ (interrupted breathing when you are asleep). You have ever had liver or kidney problems.

If you are not sure if any of the above apply to you, talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking Heminevrin Syrup.

Taking other medicines

Please tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking, or have recently taken, any other medicines. This includes medicines that you buy without a prescription and herbal medicines. This is because Heminevrin Syrup can affect the way some medicines work and some medicines can have an effect on Heminevrin Syrup.

In particular, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking any of the following:

Propranolol (for high blood pressure). Diazoxide (for low blood pressure or low blood sugar). Cimetidine (for stomach ulcers or heartburn). Carbamazepine (for anxiety, epilepsy, mood swings or a painful condition of the face called ‘trigeminal neuralgia’). Taking Heminevrin Syrup with food and drink Do not drink alcohol while you are taking Heminevrin Syrup. If you are taking Heminevrin Syrup to help with alcohol problems, you must tell your doctor if you have recently had a drink containing alcohol. Pregnancy and breast-feeding

Talk to your doctor before taking Heminevrin Syrup if you are pregnant, may become pregnant or are breast-feeding. Your doctor will decide whether you can take Heminevrin Syrup during this time.

If you are pregnant or breast-feeding and you are already taking diazoxide (a medicine to treat low blood pressure or low blood sugar), do not take Heminevrin Syrup.

Driving and using machines

Do not drive or use any tools or machines while taking Heminevrin Syrup. This is because the medicine can make you feel drowsy (sleepy).

Important information about some of the ingredients of Heminevrin Syrup Heminevrin Syrup contains small amounts of alcohol (ethanol). It contains less than 100 mg per dose. Heminevrin Syrup contains sorbitol. If you have been told by your doctor that you cannot tolerate or digest some sugars (have an intolerance to some sugars), talk to your doctor before taking this medicine. One ml of Heminevrin Syrup contains 350 mg of sorbitol. When taken as recommended, each dose contains up to 7 g of sorbitol. It can cause stomach upset and diarrhoea. How to take Heminevrin Syrup

Always take Heminevrin Syrup exactly as your doctor has told you. You should check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure.

The instructions on the label will remind you of what the doctor said. They will tell you how much syrup to take and how often. Do not take more than you have been told to.

Adults

The usual dose of Heminevrin Syrup depends on what you are taking it for.

To help you to sleep at night, the usual dose is one to two 5 ml spoonfuls before bed. Your doctor will give you this medicine for a short period of time. To stop you feeling restless or agitated, the usual dose is one 5 ml spoonful three times a day. To help you to withdraw from alcohol, your doctor will start you on a high dose. Your doctor will then gradually reduce the dose. Do not take Heminevrin Syrup for longer than your doctor has told you to. The maximum amount of time is usually 9 days.

If you have liver or kidney problems, the dose depends on how well your kidneys are working. Your doctor may start you on a low dose and gradually increase it.

Your doctor may prescribe Heminevrin Syrup for longer than the usual time period. With longer term use your doctor may need to increase your dose to get the same effect. If you take more than the usual dose for a long period of time, when you stop taking the medicine, you may get withdrawal symptoms such as shaking (tremors) or fits.

Children

Heminevrin Syrup should not be taken by children.

If you take more Heminevrin Syrup than you should

If you take too much Heminevrin Syrup, talk to a doctor or go to a hospital straight away. Take the medicine bottle or carton with you so that it can be identified. The following effects may happen: shallow breathing, low blood pressure (this may make you feel dizzy or faint), low body temperature and coma (being unconscious).

If you forget to take Heminevrin Syrup

If you forget to take a dose, take it as soon as you remember it. However, if it is nearly time for the next dose, skip the missed dose. Do not take a double dose (two doses at the same time) to make up for a forgotten dose.

Heminevrin Syrup Side Effects

Like all medicines, Heminevrin Syrup can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.

Severe allergic reactions (these are rare, affecting less than 1 in 1,000 people)

If you have a severe allergic reaction, stop taking Heminevrin Syrup and see a doctor straight away. You may need urgent medical treatment. The signs may include a sudden onset of:

Rash, itching or hives on the skin. Blistering of the skin. Swelling of the face, lips, tongue or other parts of the body. Shortness of breath, wheezing or trouble breathing. Other possible side effects: Tingling or blocked nose. This can occur within 15 to 20 minutes of taking a dose of Heminevrin Syrup. Sore eyes and headache. Runny nose and chest phlegm. Rash which may be itchy. Stomach upset. Changes in how your liver is working (shown by blood tests). Feeling over-excited or confused. Feeling very sleepy. This is more likely if you are taking a high dose of the medicine or if you are elderly and you are taking the medicine during the day. ‘Hangover’ effects may occur in the elderly.

Do not be concerned by this list of side effects. You may not get any of them. If any of the side effects get serious, or if you notice any side effects not listed in this leaflet, please tell your doctor or pharmacist.

How to store Heminevrin Syrup Keep out of the reach and sight of children. Store between 2 and 8°C in the fridge, but not frozen. Do not use Heminevrin Syrup after the expiry date which is stated on the packaging.

Medicines should not be disposed of via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to dispose of medicines that are no longer required. This will help to protect the environment.

Further information What Heminevrin Syrup contains

The active substance is clomethiazole (as clomethiazole edisilate). There is 31.5 mg of clomethiazole in each millilitre (ml) of syrup.

The other ingredients are purified water, liquid sorbitol (non-crystallising) (E420), ethanol, cineole, sodium hydroxide and levomenthol.

What Heminevrin Syrup looks like and contents of the pack

Heminevrin Syrup is a clear, colourless solution. It is available in 300 ml bottles.

Marketing Authorisation Holder and Manufacturer

The Marketing Authorisation for Heminevrin Syrup is held by

AstraZeneca UK Ltd 600 Capability Green Luton LU1 3LU UK Heminevrin Syrup is manufactured by AstraZeneca AB S-151 85 S?dert?lje Sweden

To listen to or request a copy of this leaflet in Braille, large print or audio please call, free of charge:

0800 198 5000 (UK only)

Please be ready to give the following information:

Product name: Heminevrin Syrup

Reference number: 17901/0127

This is a service provided by the Royal National Institute of the Blind.

Leaflet prepared: May 2008

© AstraZeneca 2008

Heminevrin is a trade mark of the AstraZeneca group of companies.

CNS 07 0001b


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Pseudoephedrine Gel Syrup


Pronunciation: soo-doe-e-FED-rin
Generic Name: Pseudoephedrine
Brand Name: ElixSure Congestion
Pseudoephedrine Gel Syrup is used for:

Relieving congestion due to colds, flu, and allergies. It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.

Pseudoephedrine Gel Syrup is a decongestant. It works by reducing swelling and constricting blood vessels in the nasal passages, allowing you to breathe more easily.

Do NOT use Pseudoephedrine Gel Syrup if: you are allergic to any ingredient in Pseudoephedrine Gel Syrup you are taking furazolidone or have taken a monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitor (eg, phenelzine) in the last 14 days you have severe high blood pressure, severe heart blood vessel disease, a rapid heartbeat, or severe heart problems

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

Before using Pseudoephedrine Gel Syrup:

Some medical conditions may interact with Pseudoephedrine Gel Syrup. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances if you have a history of heart problems, diabetes, glaucoma, an enlarged prostate or other prostate problems, adrenal gland problems, high blood pressure, seizures, stroke, blood vessel problems, or an overactive thyroid

Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with Pseudoephedrine Gel Syrup. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:

Rauwolfia derivatives (eg, reserpine) because the effectiveness of Pseudoephedrine Gel Syrup may be decreased Beta-blockers (eg, propranolol), cocaine, furazolidone, indomethacin, methyldopa, MAO inhibitors (eg, phenelzine), oxytocic medicines (eg, oxytocin), rauwolfia derivatives (eg, reserpine), or tricyclic antidepressants (eg, amitriptyline) because the actions and side effects of Pseudoephedrine Gel Syrup may be increased Bromocriptine, catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) inhibitors (eg, entacapone), digoxin, or droxidopa because the actions and side effects of these medicines may be increased Guanadrel, guanethidine, mecamylamine, methyldopa, or reserpine because its effectiveness may be decreased by Pseudoephedrine Gel Syrup

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Pseudoephedrine Gel Syrup may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

How to use Pseudoephedrine Gel Syrup:

Use Pseudoephedrine Gel Syrup as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

Take Pseudoephedrine Gel Syrup with food, water, or milk to minimize stomach irritation. Use the teaspoon provided with Pseudoephedrine Gel Syrup to measure your dose. Mildly shake or tap the teaspoon after filling to ensure the correct dose. Ask your pharmacist for help if you are unsure of how to measure your dose. If you miss a dose of Pseudoephedrine Gel Syrup and are taking it regularly, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Pseudoephedrine Gel Syrup.

Important safety information: Pseudoephedrine Gel Syrup may cause dizziness. Do not drive, operate machinery, or do anything else that could be dangerous until you know how you react to Pseudoephedrine Gel Syrup. Using Pseudoephedrine Gel Syrup alone, with certain other medicines, or with alcohol may lessen your ability to drive or perform other potentially dangerous tasks. If your symptoms do not improve within 7 days or if you develop a high fever, check with your doctor. If you have trouble sleeping, ask your pharmacist or doctor about the best time to take Pseudoephedrine Gel Syrup. Do not take diet or appetite control medicines while you are taking Pseudoephedrine Gel Syrup. Pseudoephedrine Gel Syrup contains pseudoephedrine. Before you begin taking any new prescription or nonprescription medicine, read the ingredients to see if it also contains pseudoephedrine. If it does or if you are uncertain, contact your doctor or pharmacist. Diabetes patients - Pseudoephedrine Gel Syrup may affect your blood sugar. Check blood sugar levels closely and ask your doctor before adjusting the dose of your diabetes medicine. Use Pseudoephedrine Gel Syrup with caution in the ELDERLY because they may be more sensitive to its effects. Use Pseudoephedrine Gel Syrup with extreme caution in CHILDREN younger than 2 years of age. Safety and effectiveness in this age group have not been confirmed. PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you become pregnant, discuss with your doctor the benefits and risks of using Pseudoephedrine Gel Syrup during pregnancy. It is unknown if Pseudoephedrine Gel Syrup is excreted in breast milk. If you are or will be breast-feeding while you are using Pseudoephedrine Gel Syrup, check with your doctor or pharmacist to discuss the risks to your baby. Possible side effects of Pseudoephedrine Gel Syrup:

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:

Difficulty urinating; dizziness; headache; nausea; nervousness; restlessness; sleeplessness; stomach irritation.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue).

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.

See also: Pseudoephedrine side effects (in more detail)

If OVERDOSE is suspected:

Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately. Symptoms may include confusion; hallucinations; irregular or unusually slow or rapid heartbeat; rapid breathing; seizures.

Proper storage of Pseudoephedrine Gel Syrup:

Store Pseudoephedrine Gel Syrup at room temperature, between 59 and 77 degrees F (15 and 25 degrees C). Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep Pseudoephedrine Gel Syrup out of the reach of children and away from pets.

General information: If you have any questions about Pseudoephedrine Gel Syrup, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider. Pseudoephedrine Gel Syrup is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people. If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor. Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.

This information is a summary only. It does not contain all information about Pseudoephedrine Gel Syrup. If you have questions about the medicine you are taking or would like more information, check with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.

Issue Date: February 1, 2012 Database Edition 12.1.1.002 Copyright © 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. More Pseudoephedrine resources Pseudoephedrine Side Effects (in more detail) Pseudoephedrine Use in Pregnancy & Breastfeeding Drug Images Pseudoephedrine Drug Interactions Pseudoephedrine Support Group 8 Reviews for Pseudoephedrine - Add your own review/rating Compare Pseudoephedrine with other medications Nasal Congestion
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Zantac Syrup


Pronunciation: ra-NI-ti-deen
Generic Name: Ranitidine
Brand Name: Zantac
Zantac Syrup is used for:

Treating heartburn or irritation of the esophagus caused by gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). It may be used to treat and maintain healing of severe irritation of the esophagus (erosive esophagitis). It may be used for short-term treatment of stomach or small intestinal ulcers. It may be used to maintain healing of stomach or small intestinal ulcers. It may be used to treat conditions that cause your body to make too much stomach acid (eg, Zollinger-Ellison syndrome). It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.

Zantac Syrup is an H2-receptor blocker. It works by blocking the action of histamine in the stomach. This reduces the amount of acid the stomach makes. Reducing stomach acid helps to reduce heartburn, heal irritation of the esophagus, and heal ulcers of the stomach and intestines.

Do NOT use Zantac Syrup if: you are allergic to any ingredient in Zantac Syrup you have a history of the blood disease porphyria you are taking dasatinib

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

Before using Zantac Syrup:

Some medical conditions may interact with Zantac Syrup. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances if you have kidney or liver problems

Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with Zantac Syrup. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:

Certain benzodiazepines (eg, midazolam, triazolam), glipizide, procainamide, or warfarin because the risk of their side effects may be increased by Zantac Syrup Dasatinib, delavirdine, gefitinib, certain HIV protease inhibitors (eg, atazanavir), itraconazole, or ketoconazole because their effectiveness may be decreased by Zantac Syrup

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Zantac Syrup may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

How to use Zantac Syrup:

Use Zantac Syrup as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

Take Zantac Syrup by mouth with or without food. Use a measuring device marked for medicine dosing. Ask your pharmacist for help if you are unsure of how to measure your dose. If you also take itraconazole or ketoconazole, ask your doctor or pharmacist how to take it with Zantac Syrup. You may take antacids while you are using Zantac Syrup if you are directed to do so by your doctor. Continue to use Zantac Syrup even if you feel well. Do not miss any doses. If you miss a dose of Zantac Syrup, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Zantac Syrup.

Important safety information: Zantac Syrup may rarely cause drowsiness, dizziness, or blurred vision. These effects may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use Zantac Syrup with caution. Do not drive or perform other possibly unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it. Zantac Syrup may interfere with certain lab tests, including urine protein tests. Be sure your doctor and lab personnel know you are taking Zantac Syrup. Zantac Syrup should be used with extreme caution in CHILDREN younger than 1 month old; safety and effectiveness in these children have not been confirmed. PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you become pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using Zantac Syrup while you are pregnant. Zantac Syrup is found in breast milk. If you are or will be breast-feeding while you use Zantac Syrup, check with your doctor. Discuss any possible risks to your baby. Possible side effects of Zantac Syrup:

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:

Constipation; diarrhea; headache; nausea; stomach upset.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue; unusual hoarseness); change in the amount of urine produced; confusion; dark urine; depression; fast, slow, or irregular heartbeat; fever, chills, or sore throat; hallucinations; severe or persistent headache or stomach pain; unusual bruising or bleeding; yellowing of the eyes or skin.

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.

See also: Zantac side effects (in more detail)

If OVERDOSE is suspected:

Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately. Symptoms may include dizziness; trouble walking.

Proper storage of Zantac Syrup:

Store Zantac Syrup between 39 and 77 degrees F (4 and 25 degrees C) in a tightly closed container. Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep Zantac Syrup out of the reach of children and away from pets.

General information: If you have any questions about Zantac Syrup, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider. Zantac Syrup is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people. If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor. Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.

This information is a summary only. It does not contain all information about Zantac Syrup. If you have questions about the medicine you are taking or would like more information, check with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.

Issue Date: February 1, 2012 Database Edition 12.1.1.002 Copyright © 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. More Zantac resources Zantac Side Effects (in more detail)Zantac Use in Pregnancy & BreastfeedingDrug ImagesZantac Drug InteractionsZantac Support Group10 Reviews for Zantac - Add your own review/rating Compare Zantac with other medications Duodenal UlcerDuodenal Ulcer ProphylaxisErosive EsophagitisGastric Ulcer Maintenance TreatmentGastrointestinal HemorrhageGERDIndigestionPathological Hypersecretory ConditionsStomach UlcerStress Ulcer ProphylaxisSurgical ProphylaxisZollinger-Ellison Syndrome
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Chlorpheniramine Syrup


Pronunciation: klor-fen-IHR-ah-meen
Generic Name: Chlorpheniramine
Brand Name: Examples include Aller-Chlor and Chlor-Trimeton
Chlorpheniramine Syrup is used for:

Relieving symptoms of sinus congestion, sinus pressure, runny nose, watery eyes, itching of the nose and throat, and sneezing due to upper respiratory infections (eg, colds), allergies, and hay fever. It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.

Chlorpheniramine Syrup is an antihistamine. It works by blocking the action of histamine, which helps reduce symptoms such as watery eyes and sneezing.

Do NOT use Chlorpheniramine Syrup if: you are allergic to any ingredient in Chlorpheniramine Syrup you are taking sodium oxybate (GHB) or if you have taken furazolidone or a monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitor (eg, phenelzine) within the last 14 days

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

Before using Chlorpheniramine Syrup:

Some medical conditions may interact with Chlorpheniramine Syrup. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

if you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances if you have a fast, slow, or irregular heartbeat if you have a history of asthma, lung problems (eg, emphysema), heart problems, high blood pressure, diabetes, heart blood vessel problems, stroke, glaucoma, a blockage of your stomach or intestines, ulcers, a blockage of your bladder, trouble urinating, an enlarged prostate, seizures, or an overactive thyroid

Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with Chlorpheniramine Syrup. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:

Furazolidone, MAO inhibitors (eg, phenelzine), sodium oxybate (GHB), or tricyclic antidepressants (eg, amitriptyline) because side effects of Chlorpheniramine Syrup may be increased Hydantoins (eg, phenytoin) because side effects may be increased by Chlorpheniramine Syrup

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Chlorpheniramine Syrup may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

How to use Chlorpheniramine Syrup:

Use Chlorpheniramine Syrup as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

Chlorpheniramine Syrup may be taken with or without food. Use a measuring device marked for medicine dosing. Ask your pharmacist for help if you are unsure of how to measure your dose. If you miss a dose of Chlorpheniramine Syrup, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Chlorpheniramine Syrup.

Important safety information: Chlorpheniramine Syrup may cause dizziness, drowsiness, or blurred vision. Do not drive, operate machinery, or do anything else that could be dangerous until you know how you react to Chlorpheniramine Syrup. Using Chlorpheniramine Syrup alone, with certain other medicines, or with alcohol may lessen your ability to drive or perform other potentially dangerous tasks. Do NOT exceed the recommended dose or take Chlorpheniramine Syrup for longer than prescribed without checking with your doctor. If your symptoms do not improve within 5 to 7 days or if they become worse, check with your doctor. Chlorpheniramine Syrup may cause increased sensitivity to the sun. Avoid exposure to the sun, sunlamps, or tanning booths until you know how you react to Chlorpheniramine Syrup. Use a sunscreen or protective clothing if you must be outside for a prolonged period. If you are scheduled for allergy skin testing, do not take Chlorpheniramine Syrup for several days before the test because it may decrease your response to the skin tests. Before you have any medical or dental treatments, emergency care, or surgery, tell the doctor or dentist that you are using Chlorpheniramine Syrup. Use Chlorpheniramine Syrup with caution in the ELDERLY because they may be more sensitive to its effects. Caution is advised when using Chlorpheniramine Syrup in CHILDREN because they may be more sensitive to its effects. PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you become pregnant while taking Chlorpheniramine Syrup, discuss with your doctor the benefits and risks of using Chlorpheniramine Syrup during pregnancy. It is unknown if Chlorpheniramine Syrup is excreted in breast milk. Do not breast-feed while taking Chlorpheniramine Syrup. Possible side effects of Chlorpheniramine Syrup:

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:

Constipation; diarrhea; dizziness; drowsiness; dry mouth, nose, or throat; excitability; headache; loss of appetite; nausea; nervousness or anxiety; trouble sleeping; upset stomach; vomiting; weakness.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); difficulty urinating or inability to urinate; fast or irregular heartbeat; hallucinations; seizures; severe dizziness, lightheadedness, or headache; tremor; trouble sleeping; vision changes.

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.

See also: Chlorpheniramine side effects (in more detail)

If OVERDOSE is suspected:

Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately. Symptoms may include blurred vision; confusion; hallucinations; seizures; severe dizziness, lightheadedness, or headache; severe drowsiness; unusually fast, slow, or irregular heartbeat; and vomiting.

Proper storage of Chlorpheniramine Syrup:

Store Chlorpheniramine Syrup at room temperature, between 59 and 86 degrees F (15 and 30 degrees C). Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep Chlorpheniramine Syrup out of the reach of children and away from pets.

General information: If you have any questions about Chlorpheniramine Syrup, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider. Chlorpheniramine Syrup is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people. If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor. Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.

This information is a summary only. It does not contain all information about Chlorpheniramine Syrup. If you have questions about the medicine you are taking or would like more information, check with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.

Issue Date: February 1, 2012 Database Edition 12.1.1.002 Copyright © 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. More Chlorpheniramine resources Chlorpheniramine Side Effects (in more detail) Chlorpheniramine Use in Pregnancy & Breastfeeding Drug Images Chlorpheniramine Drug Interactions Chlorpheniramine Support Group 18 Reviews for Chlorpheniramine - Add your own review/rating Compare Chlorpheniramine with other medications Allergic Reactions Cold Symptoms Hay Fever Urticaria
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Antithyroid agents


A drug may be classified by the chemical type of the active ingredient or by the way it is used to treat a particular condition. Each drug can be classified into one or more drug classes.

Antithyroid agents prevent or suppress the biosynthesis of thyroid hormones. Antithyroid agents are used to treat hyperthyroidism by inhibiting the excessive production of thyroid hormones or by decreasing thyroid hormone activity.

See also

Medical conditions associated with antithyroid agents:

Alcoholic Liver Damage Cough Cutaneous Sporotrichosis Diagnosis and Investigation Hyperthyroidism Radiation Emergency Thyroid Cancer Thyroid Storm Drug List: Pima-Syrup Iodotope Iosat Northyx Sski-Drops Tapazole Thyroshield-Solution Yodefan-Liquid
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Hydrocodone/Homatropine Syrup


Pronunciation: HIGH-droe-KOE-dohn/hoe-MA-troe-peen
Generic Name: Hydrocodone/Homatropine
Brand Name: Examples include Hycodan and Hydromet
Hydrocodone/Homatropine Syrup is used for:

Temporary relief of cough. It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.

Hydrocodone/Homatropine Syrup is an anticholinergic and narcotic cough suppressant combination. The anticholinergic works by drying up secretions and the narcotic depresses the cough reflex in the brain.

Do NOT use Hydrocodone/Homatropine Syrup if: you are allergic to any ingredient in Hydrocodone/Homatropine Syrup or any morphine-related medicine (eg, codeine, oxycodone) you have diarrhea due to food poisoning or pseudomembranous colitis you are taking sodium oxybate (GHB)

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

Before using Hydrocodone/Homatropine Syrup:

Some medical conditions may interact with Hydrocodone/Homatropine Syrup. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine (including any cough-and-cold products or medicines that cause drowsiness), herbal preparation, or dietary supplement if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances if you have arteriosclerosis (hardening of the arteries) or other heart problems (eg, congestive heart failure) if you have high blood pressure, thyroid problems, stomach problems (eg, surgery, severe inflammatory bowel disease, chronic constipation, obstruction), or liver disease if you use alcohol or are dependent on drugs if you have lung disease (eg, asthma, history of severe breathing problems), a seizure disorder, serious head injury or brain disease, psychiatric problems (eg, suicidal thoughts), glaucoma, or sleep apnea

Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with Hydrocodone/Homatropine Syrup. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:

Barbiturate anesthetics (eg, thiopental), cimetidine, monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) (eg, phenelzine), narcotic pain medicines (eg, codeine), and sodium oxybate (GHB) because they may increase the risk of Hydrocodone/Homatropine Syrup's side effects Naltrexone because it may decrease Hydrocodone/Homatropine Syrup's effectiveness

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Hydrocodone/Homatropine Syrup may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

How to use Hydrocodone/Homatropine Syrup:

Use Hydrocodone/Homatropine Syrup as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

Take Hydrocodone/Homatropine Syrup by mouth with or without food. If stomach upset occurs, take with food to reduce stomach irritation. Use a measuring device marked for medicine dosing. Ask your pharmacist for help if you are unsure of how to measure your dose. If you miss a dose of Hydrocodone/Homatropine Syrup and you are taking it regularly, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Hydrocodone/Homatropine Syrup.

Important safety information: Hydrocodone/Homatropine Syrup may cause dizziness, drowsiness, or blurred vision. These effects may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use Hydrocodone/Homatropine Syrup with caution. Do not drive or perform other possibly unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it. If your symptoms do not get better within 7 days or if you develop a high fever or persistent headache, check with your doctor. Hydrocodone/Homatropine Syrup may interfere with certain lab tests. Be sure your doctor and lab personnel know you are taking Hydrocodone/Homatropine Syrup. Use Hydrocodone/Homatropine Syrup with caution in the ELDERLY; they may be more sensitive to its effects. Hydrocodone/Homatropine Syrup should be used with extreme caution in CHILDREN younger than 6 years old; safety and effectiveness in these children have not been confirmed. PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: It is not known if Hydrocodone/Homatropine Syrup can cause harm to the fetus. If you become pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using Hydrocodone/Homatropine Syrup while you are pregnant. It is not known if Hydrocodone/Homatropine Syrup is found in breast milk. Do not breast-feed while taking Hydrocodone/Homatropine Syrup.

Some people who use Hydrocodone/Homatropine Syrup for a long time may develop a need to continue taking it. People who take high doses are also at risk. This is known as DEPENDENCE or addiction. If you stop taking Hydrocodone/Homatropine Syrup suddenly, you may have WITHDRAWAL symptoms. These may include feeling unwell or unhappy, anxious or irritable, dizzy, confused, or agitated. You may also have nausea, unusual skin sensations, mood swings, headache, trouble sleeping, or sweating. If you need to stop Hydrocodone/Homatropine Syrup, your doctor will lower your dose over time.

Possible side effects of Hydrocodone/Homatropine Syrup:

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:

Blurred vision; constipation; dizziness; drowsiness; dry mouth, throat, or nose; excitement; nausea; stomach upset; thickening or mucus in nose or throat.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); difficulty urinating; flushing; rapid or pounding heartbeat; redness of face; severe drowsiness or dizziness.

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.

See also: Hydrocodone/Homatropine side effects (in more detail)

If OVERDOSE is suspected:

Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately. Symptoms may include agitation; coma; confusion; deep sleep or loss of consciousness; difficulty breathing; diminished mental alertness; hallucinations; hot or cold skin; large and unchanging pupils; sedation; seizures; shaking; sleeplessness; slow heartbeat; slowed breathing.

Proper storage of Hydrocodone/Homatropine Syrup:

Store Hydrocodone/Homatropine Syrup at room temperature, between 68 and 77 degrees F (20 and 25 degrees C). Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep Hydrocodone/Homatropine Syrup out of the reach of children and away from pets.

General information: If you have any questions about Hydrocodone/Homatropine Syrup, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider. Hydrocodone/Homatropine Syrup is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people. If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor. Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.

This information is a summary only. It does not contain all information about Hydrocodone/Homatropine Syrup. If you have questions about the medicine you are taking or would like more information, check with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.

Issue Date: February 1, 2012 Database Edition 12.1.1.002 Copyright © 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. More Hydrocodone/Homatropine resources Hydrocodone/Homatropine Side Effects (in more detail) Hydrocodone/Homatropine Use in Pregnancy & Breastfeeding Hydrocodone/Homatropine Drug Interactions Hydrocodone/Homatropine Support Group 44 Reviews for Hydrocodone/Homatropine - Add your own review/rating Compare Hydrocodone/Homatropine with other medications Cough
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Rhinorrhea Medications


Drugs associated with Rhinorrhea

The following drugs and medications are in some way related to, or used in the treatment of Rhinorrhea. This service should be used as a supplement to, and NOT a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge and judgment of healthcare practitioners.


Drug List:/tags/aldex-an-suspension/
/tags/alka-seltzer-plus-sparkling-original-cold-formula-effervescent-tablets/
/tags/brovex-cb/
/tags/care-one-sleep-aid/
/tags/coricidin/
/tags/delhistine-d/
/tags/dimetapp-nighttime-flu-suspension/
/tags/endacof-ac/
/tags/equate-sleep-aid/
/tags/iohist-d/
/tags/liqui-histine-d/
/tags/metahistine-d/
/tags/nalex-ac-syrup/
/tags/nytol-maximum-strength/
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/tags/trihist-d/
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/tags/unisom/
Zymine-Xr-Suspension
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Isoniazid Syrup


Pronunciation: EYE-soe-NYE-a-zid
Generic Name: Isoniazid
Brand Name: Generic only. No brands available.

Isoniazid Syrup may cause severe and sometimes fatal liver problems (eg, hepatitis). The risk of liver problems is greater in patients older than 35 years old. It may also be increased by daily use of alcohol, long-term liver problems or unsanitary injectable drug use. Women, especially those who are black, are Hispanic, or have just had a baby, may also be at increased risk. Hepatitis can develop at any time during treatment but usually occurs during the first 3 months. Your doctor will monitor your liver function and discuss your progress every month.

Contact your doctor right away if you develop unusual fatigue, weakness or fever that lasts longer than 3 days, general feeling of discomfort, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, numbness or tingling of the hands or feet, dark urine, yellowing of the skin or eyes, or stomach pain or tenderness.

Patients with active liver problems should not use Isoniazid Syrup.


Isoniazid Syrup is used for:

Treating or preventing tuberculosis (TB). If you are using Isoniazid Syrup to treat TB, it should always be used along with another medicine.

Isoniazid Syrup is an antibacterial. It works by killing TB bacteria.

Do NOT use Isoniazid Syrup if: you are allergic to any ingredient in Isoniazid Syrup or have had severe side effects from isoniazid, such as drug fever, chills, or arthritis you have severe liver damage, active liver disease, or liver damage from previous use of Isoniazid Syrup you have a history of hepatitis caused by any medicine

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

Before using Isoniazid Syrup:

Some medical conditions may interact with Isoniazid Syrup. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances if you have diabetes, kidney problems, nerve problems (eg, neuropathy) or risk of nerve problems, HIV, or a history of liver problems if you have a history of alcohol or other substance abuse, have unsanitary injectable drug habits, or drink alcohol daily if you are older than 35 years old, you have recently given birth, or you have previously taken Isoniazid Syrup

Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with Isoniazid Syrup. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:

Acetaminophen, anticoagulants (eg, warfarin), carbamazepine, hydantoins (eg, phenytoin), rifampin, theophylline, or valproic acid because the risk of their side effects may be increased by Isoniazid Syrup Ketoconazole because its effectiveness may be decreased by Isoniazid Syrup

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Isoniazid Syrup may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

How to use Isoniazid Syrup:

Use Isoniazid Syrup as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

Take Isoniazid Syrup by mouth on an empty stomach at least 1 hour before or 2 hours after eating. If you also take an antacid, take Isoniazid Syrup at least 1 hour before you take the antacid. Use a measuring device marked for medicine dosing. Ask your pharmacist for help if you are unsure of how to measure your dose. Continue to take Isoniazid Syrup even if you feel well. Do not miss any doses. If you miss a dose of Isoniazid Syrup, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Isoniazid Syrup.

Important safety information: Check with your doctor before drinking alcohol while taking Isoniazid Syrup. Alcohol may increase the risk of liver problems. If you have a history of alcohol abuse, you may also be at increased risk of developing nerve problems from Isoniazid Syrup. Notify your doctor if you notice any unusual tingling in your hands or feet. If you have a history of diabetes, alcohol abuse, or poor nutrition, your doctor may recommend that you also take vitamin B6 while you are taking Isoniazid Syrup. This may help to decrease your risk of nerve problems. Discuss any questions with your doctor. Do not eat foods high in tyramine while you take Isoniazid Syrup. Eating foods high in tyramine (eg, aged cheeses, red wines, beer, certain meats and sausages, liver, sour cream, soy sauce, raisins, bananas, avocados) while you take Isoniazid Syrup may cause severe high blood pressure. Seek medical attention at once if symptoms of severe high blood pressure occur. These may include severe headache, fast or irregular heartbeat, sore or stiff neck, nausea, vomiting, sweating, enlarged pupils, or sensitivity to light. Do not eat foods high in histamine while you take Isoniazid Syrup. Eating foods high in histamine (eg, skipjack, tuna, tropical fish) while you take Isoniazid Syrup may cause low blood pressure, irregular heartbeat, headache, sweating, or flushing. Contact your doctor at once if any of these symptoms occur. Ask your health care provider for a complete list of foods you should avoid while you are taking Isoniazid Syrup. Isoniazid Syrup only works against TB bacteria; it does not treat viral infections (eg, the common cold). Be sure to take Isoniazid Syrup for the full course of treatment. If you do not, the medicine may not clear up your infection completely. The bacteria could also become less sensitive to this or other medicines. This could make the infection harder to treat in the future. Diabetes patients - Isoniazid Syrup may affect your blood sugar. Check blood sugar levels closely. Ask your doctor before adjusting the dose of your diabetes medicine. You may also be at increased risk of developing nerve problems from Isoniazid Syrup. Contact your doctor if you notice any unusual tingling in your hands or feet. Lab tests, including liver function and eye exams, may be performed while you take Isoniazid Syrup. These tests may be used to monitor your condition or check for side effects. Be sure to keep all doctor and lab appointments. Use Isoniazid Syrup with caution in BLACK and HISPANIC WOMEN; they may have a greater risk of severe liver problems from Isoniazid Syrup. Use Isoniazid Syrup with caution in patients older than 35 years old; they may have a greater risk of severe liver problems from Isoniazid Syrup. PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you become pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of taking Isoniazid Syrup while you are pregnant. Isoniazid Syrup is found in breast milk. If you are or will be breast-feeding while you take Isoniazid Syrup, check with your doctor. Discuss any possible risks to your baby. Possible side effects of Isoniazid Syrup:

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:

Mild stomach upset.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); changes in vision; chills or fever; dark urine; general feeling of discomfort; increased thirst or urination; joint pain or swelling; loss of appetite; memory problems; mental or mood changes; nausea; seizures; stomach pain or tenderness; symptoms of low vitamin B6 levels (eg, confusion, cracks in the corners of the mouth, irritability, mouth redness or soreness, scaly rash); tingling or numbness in the hands or feet; unusual bruising or bleeding; unusual tiredness or weakness; vomiting; yellowing of the skin or eyes.

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.

See also: Isoniazid side effects (in more detail)

If OVERDOSE is suspected:

Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately. Symptoms may include blurred vision; dizziness; hallucinations; loss of consciousness; nausea; seizures; slurred speech; symptoms of high blood sugar (eg, confusion, increased thirst or urination, rapid breathing, unusual drowsiness); very slow breathing; vomiting.

Proper storage of Isoniazid Syrup:

Store Isoniazid Syrup between 68 and 77 degrees F (20 and 25 degrees C). Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep Isoniazid Syrup out of the reach of children and away from pets.

General information: If you have any questions about Isoniazid Syrup, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider. Isoniazid Syrup is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people. If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor. Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.

This information is a summary only. It does not contain all information about Isoniazid Syrup. If you have questions about the medicine you are taking or would like more information, check with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.

Issue Date: February 1, 2012 Database Edition 12.1.1.002 Copyright © 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. More Isoniazid resources Isoniazid Side Effects (in more detail) Isoniazid Use in Pregnancy & Breastfeeding Drug Images Isoniazid Drug Interactions Isoniazid Support Group 2 Reviews for Isoniazid - Add your own review/rating Compare Isoniazid with other medications Mycobacterium kansasii Tuberculosis, Active Tuberculosis, Latent Tuberculosis, Prophylaxis
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Buttercup Syrup (Chefaro UK Ltd)


1. Name Of The Medicinal Product

Buttercup Syrup

2. Qualitative And Quantitative Composition

Squill Liquid Extract 0.062% v/v

Capsicum Tincture 0.05% v/v

3. Pharmaceutical Form

Oral Liquid

4. Clinical Particulars 4.1 Therapeutic Indications

For coughs, colds, sore throats, hoarseness.

Route of administration: oral.

4.2 Posology And Method Of Administration

Adults: Two 5 ml spoonfuls three times a day and on retiring, when the cough is troublesome.

Children (over 2 years of age): One 5 ml spoonful three times a day and on retiring, when the cough is troublesome.

Children (under 2 years of age): Not recommended.

4.3 Contraindications

None known.

4.4 Special Warnings And Precautions For Use

If symptoms persist, consult your doctor. Keep all medicines out of the reach and sight of children.

Patients with rare hereditary problems of fructose intolerance, glucose-galactose malabsorption or sucrase-isomaltase insufficiency should not take this medicine.

4.5 Interaction With Other Medicinal Products And Other Forms Of Interaction

None known.

4.6 Pregnancy And Lactation

As with all medicines, caution is required. If in doubt, consult your medical adviser.

4.7 Effects On Ability To Drive And Use Machines

None.

4.8 Undesirable Effects

None known.

4.9 Overdose

None known.

5. Pharmacological Properties 5.1 Pharmacodynamic Properties

Traditional mixed constituents, syrup based remedy providing symptomatic relief by virtue of demulcent properties, a mild expectorant action and an aromatic “warming” flavour.

5.2 Pharmacokinetic Properties

None available.

5.3 Preclinical Safety Data

None.

6. Pharmaceutical Particulars 6.1 List Of Excipients

Acacia Powder

Caramel Colour (E150)

Ethanol 96%

Levomenthol

Clove Oil

Peppermint Oil

Sodium methyl hydroxybenzoate (E219)

Sodium propyl hydroxybenzoate (E217)

Aniseed Flavour

Purified Water

Carmoisine (E122)

Sunset Yellow (E110)

Strong Ginger Tincture

Acetic Acid (80%)

Saccharin Sodium

Syrup (fructose, glucose and sucrose)

6.2 Incompatibilities

None known.

6.3 Shelf Life

36 months (unopened).

28 days (after first opening the bottle).

6.4 Special Precautions For Storage

None

6.5 Nature And Contents Of Container

75 ml bottle: R.O.P.P. aluminium cap.

150 ml bottle: R.O.P.P. aluminium cap.

200 ml bottle: White fluted plastic cap with viskring and aluminium foil wad.

All sizes are in clear glass flat bottles, with straight sides. Caps are twist off.

6.6 Special Precautions For Disposal And Other Handling

None

7. Marketing Authorisation Holder

Chefaro UK Ltd,

4th Floor, Hamilton House,

Mabledon Place, Bloomsbury,

LONDON, WC1H 9BB

United Kingdom

8. Marketing Authorisation Number(S)

PL 02855/0024

9. Date Of First Authorisation/Renewal Of The Authorisation

30th November 2004

10. Date Of Revision Of The Text

14th November 2010


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Acetaminophen/Dextromethorphan/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup


Pronunciation: a-seet-a-MIN-oh-fen/dex-troe-meth-OR-fan/fen-ill-EF-rin/peer-IL-a-meen
Generic Name: Acetaminophen/Dextromethorphan/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine
Brand Name: Robitussin Night Relief
Acetaminophen/Dextromethorphan/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup is used for:

Relieving symptoms of pain, sinus congestion, runny nose, sneezing, and cough due to colds, upper respiratory infections, and allergies. It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.

Acetaminophen/Dextromethorphan/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup is a decongestant, antihistamine, cough suppressant, and analgesic combination. It works by constricting blood vessels and reducing swelling in the nasal passages. The antihistamine works by blocking the action of histamine, which helps reduce symptoms, such as watery eyes and sneezing. The analgesic and cough suppressant work in the brain to decrease pain and to reduce dry or unproductive cough.

Do NOT use Acetaminophen/Dextromethorphan/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup if: you are allergic to any ingredient in Acetaminophen/Dextromethorphan/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup you have severe high blood pressure, severe heart blood vessel disease, a rapid heartbeat, or severe heart problems you are unable to urinate or are having an asthma attack you take sodium oxybate (GHB) or you have taken furazolidone or a monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitor (eg, phenelzine) within the last 14 days

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

Before using Acetaminophen/Dextromethorphan/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup:

Some medical conditions may interact with Acetaminophen/Dextromethorphan/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances if you have a fast, slow, or irregular heartbeat if you have a history of adrenal gland problems (eg, adrenal gland tumor); heart problems; high blood pressure; diabetes; heart blood vessel problems; stroke; glaucoma; a blockage of your bladder, stomach, or intestines; ulcers; trouble urinating; an enlarged prostate or other prostate problems; seizures; an overactive thyroid; liver problems; severe kidney problems; or if you consume more than 3 alcohol-containing drinks per day if you have a history of asthma, chronic cough, lung problems (eg, chronic bronchitis, emphysema), or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), or if cough occurs with large amounts of mucus

Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with Acetaminophen/Dextromethorphan/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:

Beta-blockers (eg, propranolol), catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) inhibitors (eg, tolcapone), furazolidone, indomethacin, isoniazid, MAO inhibitors (eg, phenelzine), sodium oxybate (GHB), or tricyclic antidepressants (eg, amitriptyline) because side effects of Acetaminophen/Dextromethorphan/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup may be increased Anticoagulants (eg, warfarin), digoxin, or droxidopa because risk of bleeding, irregular heartbeat or heart attack may be increased Bromocriptine or hydantoins (eg, phenytoin) because side effects may be increased by Acetaminophen/Dextromethorphan/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup Guanadrel, guanethidine, mecamylamine, methyldopa, or reserpine because effectiveness may be decreased by Acetaminophen/Dextromethorphan/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Acetaminophen/Dextromethorphan/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

How to use Acetaminophen/Dextromethorphan/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup:

Use Acetaminophen/Dextromethorphan/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

Acetaminophen/Dextromethorphan/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup may be taken with or without food. Use a measuring device marked for medicine dosing. Ask your pharmacist for help if you are unsure of how to measure your dose. If you miss a dose of Acetaminophen/Dextromethorphan/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Acetaminophen/Dextromethorphan/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup.

Important safety information: Acetaminophen/Dextromethorphan/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup may cause dizziness, drowsiness, or blurred vision. Do not drive, operate machinery, or do anything else that could be dangerous until you know how you react to Acetaminophen/Dextromethorphan/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup. Using Acetaminophen/Dextromethorphan/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup alone, with certain other medicines, or with alcohol may lessen your ability to drive or perform other potentially dangerous tasks. Do not take diet or appetite control medicines while you are taking Acetaminophen/Dextromethorphan/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup without checking with your doctor. Acetaminophen/Dextromethorphan/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup contains acetaminophen and dextromethorphan, phenylephrine, and pyrilamine. Before you begin taking any new prescription or nonprescription medicine, read the ingredients to see if it also contains acetaminophen, dextromethorphan, phenylephrine, or pyrilamine. If it does or if you are uncertain, contact your doctor or pharmacist. Do NOT exceed the recommended dose or take Acetaminophen/Dextromethorphan/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup for longer than prescribed without checking with your doctor. If your symptoms do not improve within 5 to 7 days or if they become worse, check with your doctor. Acetaminophen/Dextromethorphan/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup may cause increased sensitivity to the sun. Avoid exposure to the sun, sunlamps, or tanning booths until you know how you react to Acetaminophen/Dextromethorphan/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup. Use a sunscreen or protective clothing if you must be outside for a prolonged period. Acetaminophen/Dextromethorphan/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup may cause liver damage. If you consume 3 or more alcohol-containing drinks every day, ask your doctor if you should take Acetaminophen/Dextromethorphan/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup or other pain relievers/fever reducers. Alcohol use combined with Acetaminophen/Dextromethorphan/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup may increase your risk for liver damage. If you are scheduled for allergy skin testing, do not take Acetaminophen/Dextromethorphan/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup for several days before the test because it may decrease your response to the skin tests. Before you have any medical or dental treatments, emergency care, or surgery, tell the doctor or dentist that you are using Acetaminophen/Dextromethorphan/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup. Use Acetaminophen/Dextromethorphan/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup with caution in the ELDERLY because they may be more sensitive to its effects. Caution is advised when using Acetaminophen/Dextromethorphan/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup in CHILDREN because they may be more sensitive to its effects. PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you become pregnant while taking Acetaminophen/Dextromethorphan/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup, discuss with your doctor the benefits and risks of using Acetaminophen/Dextromethorphan/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup during pregnancy. It is unknown if Acetaminophen/Dextromethorphan/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup is excreted in breast milk. Do not breast-feed while taking Acetaminophen/Dextromethorphan/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup. Possible side effects of Acetaminophen/Dextromethorphan/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup:

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:

Constipation; diarrhea; dizziness; drowsiness; excitability; headache; loss of appetite; nausea; nervousness or anxiety; trouble sleeping; upset stomach; vomiting; weakness.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); difficulty urinating or inability to urinate; fast or irregular heartbeat; hallucinations; seizures; severe dizziness, lightheadedness, or headache; stomach pain; tremor; trouble sleeping; vision changes; yellowing of skin or eyes.

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.

See also: Acetaminophen/Dextromethorphan/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine side effects (in more detail)

If OVERDOSE is suspected:

Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately. Symptoms may include blurred vision; confusion; hallucinations; seizures; severe dizziness, lightheadedness, or headache; severe drowsiness; unusually fast, slow, or irregular heartbeat; and vomiting.

Proper storage of Acetaminophen/Dextromethorphan/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup:

Store Acetaminophen/Dextromethorphan/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup at room temperature, between 59 and 86 degrees F (15 and 30 degrees C). Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep Acetaminophen/Dextromethorphan/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup out of the reach of children and away from pets.

General information: If you have any questions about Acetaminophen/Dextromethorphan/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider. Acetaminophen/Dextromethorphan/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people. If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor. Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.

This information is a summary only. It does not contain all information about Acetaminophen/Dextromethorphan/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup. If you have questions about the medicine you are taking or would like more information, check with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.

Issue Date: February 1, 2012 Database Edition 12.1.1.002 Copyright © 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. More Acetaminophen/Dextromethorphan/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine resources Acetaminophen/Dextromethorphan/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Side Effects (in more detail) Acetaminophen/Dextromethorphan/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Use in Pregnancy & Breastfeeding Acetaminophen/Dextromethorphan/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Drug Interactions Acetaminophen/Dextromethorphan/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Support Group 0 Reviews for Acetaminophen/Dextromethorphan/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine - Add your own review/rating Compare Acetaminophen/Dextromethorphan/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine with other medications Cold Symptoms Cough Cough and Nasal Congestion Nasal Congestion Pain/Fever Rhinorrhea Sinus Symptoms
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Pannaz S Syrup


Pronunciation: KAR-bin-OX-a-meen/METH-skoe-POL-a-meen/SOO-doe-e-FED-rin
Generic Name: Carbinoxamine/Methscopolamine/Pseudoephedrine
Brand Name: Examples include Pannaz S and Pseudox M
Pannaz S Syrup is used for:

Relieving congestion, sneezing, runny nose, and itchy, watery eyes due to colds, flu, or hay fever. It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.

Pannaz S Syrup is an antihistamine, decongestant, and anticholinergic combination. It works by blocking histamine, a substance in the body that causes sneezing, runny nose, and watery eyes. It also relieves nasal congestion by shrinking the nasal mucous membranes, which promotes nasal drainage, and dries the chest by decreasing lung secretions.

Do NOT use Pannaz S Syrup if: you are allergic to any ingredient in Pannaz S Syrup you are pregnant or breast-feeding you take sodium oxybate (GHB) or you have taken furazolidone or a monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI) (eg, phenelzine) within the last 14 days you have severe heart blood vessel disease; severe high blood pressure; narrow-angle glaucoma; severe bleeding; severe irritation of the esophagus or other serious problems with the esophagus (eg, esophageal achalasia); peptic ulcer; a blockage of your stomach, bowel, or bladder; bowel motility problems; severe bowel inflammation (eg, ulcerative colitis); certain muscle problems (eg, myasthenia gravis); or uncontrolled bleeding you are unable to urinate or are having an asthma attack

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

Before using Pannaz S Syrup:

Some medical conditions may interact with Pannaz S Syrup. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances if you have a history of diabetes, an enlarged prostate or other prostate problems, bladder or kidney problems, severe bowel problems, trouble urinating, high blood pressure, diarrhea, asthma, nerve problems, heart problems, blood vessel problems, blood clots, a hiatal hernia, an adrenal gland tumor, glaucoma, breathing problems during sleep, seizures, stroke, myasthenia gravis (muscle weakness), or an overactive thyroid

Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with Pannaz S Syrup. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:

Alpha-blockers (eg, guanethidine, methyldopa, prazosin), beta-blockers (eg, atenolol), diuretics (eg, furosemide, hydrochlorothiazide), furazolidone, or MAOIs (eg, phenelzine) because the risk of high or low blood pressure may be increased Alkalizers (eg, calcium or magnesium antacids), anticholinergics (eg, atropine, benztropine, dicyclomine), carbonic anhydrase inhibitors (eg, acetazolamide), ergotamine, sodium bicarbonate, or tricyclic antidepressants (eg, amitriptyline) because they may increase the risk of Pannaz S Syrup's side effects Bromocriptine, catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) inhibitors (eg, entacapone), certain stimulants (eg, doxapram, pseudoephedrine), cocaine, digoxin, droxidopa, potassium chloride, or sodium oxybate (GHB) because the risk of their side effects may be increased by Pannaz S Syrup Guanadrel, guanethidine, mecamylamine, methyldopa, or reserpine because their effectiveness may be decreased by Pannaz S Syrup

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Pannaz S Syrup may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

How to use Pannaz S Syrup:

Use Pannaz S Syrup as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

Take Pannaz S Syrup by mouth with or without food. If stomach upset occurs, take with food to reduce stomach irritation. Do not take Pannaz S Syrup at the same time as an antacid, certain medicines for diarrhea (eg, attapulgite, bismuth, kaolin, pectin), or ketoconazole. Take these medicines 2 or 3 hours before or after you take Pannaz S Syrup. Use a measuring device marked for medicine dosing. Ask your pharmacist for help if you are unsure of how to measure your dose. If you miss a dose of Pannaz S Syrup and you are taking it regularly, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Pannaz S Syrup.

Important safety information: Pannaz S Syrup may cause drowsiness, dizziness, or blurred vision. These effects may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use Pannaz S Syrup with caution. Do not drive or perform other possibly unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it. If your symptoms do not get better within 7 days or if they get worse or you develop a high fever or persistent headache, check with your doctor. Pannaz S Syrup may cause dry mouth. To relieve dry mouth, suck on sugarless hard candy or ice chips, chew sugarless gum, drink water, or use a saliva substitute. Pannaz S Syrup may make your eyes more sensitive to sunlight. It may help to wear sunglasses. Pannaz S Syrup may reduce sweating. Do not become overheated in hot weather or while you are being active; heatstroke may occur. Do not take diet or appetite control medicines while you are taking Pannaz S Syrup without checking with your doctor. Pannaz S Syrup has pseudoephedrine in it. Before you start any new medicine, check the label to see if it has pseudoephedrine in it too. If it does or if you are not sure, check with your doctor or pharmacist. Pannaz S Syrup may interfere with skin allergy tests. If you are scheduled for a skin test, talk to your doctor. You may need to stop taking Pannaz S Syrup for a few days before the tests. If you have trouble sleeping, ask your doctor or pharmacist about the best time of the day to take Pannaz S Syrup. Pannaz S Syrup may interfere with certain lab tests. Be sure your doctor and lab personnel know that you are taking Pannaz S Syrup. Tell your doctor or dentist that you take Pannaz S Syrup before you receive any medical or dental care, emergency care, or surgery. Diabetes patients - Pannaz S Syrup may affect your blood sugar. Check blood sugar levels closely. Ask your doctor before you change the dose of your diabetes medicine. Use Pannaz S Syrup with caution in the ELDERLY; they may be more sensitive to its effects. Caution is advised when using Pannaz S Syrup in CHILDREN; they may be more sensitive to its effects. PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: It is not known if Pannaz S Syrup can cause harm to the fetus. If you become pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using Pannaz S Syrup while you are pregnant. Pannaz S Syrup is found in breast milk. Do not breast-feed while taking Pannaz S Syrup. Possible side effects of Pannaz S Syrup:

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:

Constipation; diarrhea; dizziness; drowsiness; dry mouth, nose, or throat; excitability; headache; loss of appetite; nausea; nervousness or anxiety; trouble sleeping; upset stomach; vomiting; weakness.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); difficulty urinating or inability to urinate; fast or irregular heartbeat; hallucinations; mental or mood changes; seizures; severe dizziness, lightheadedness, or headache; tremor; vision changes.

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.

See also: Pannaz S side effects (in more detail)

If OVERDOSE is suspected:

Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately. Symptoms may include deep sleep or loss of consciousness; hot or cool skin; irregular heartbeat; irritability, anxiety, or panic; large pupils; numbness or tingling in the arms or legs; seizures; slowed or shallow breathing.

Proper storage of Pannaz S Syrup:

Store Pannaz S Syrup between 59 and 86 degrees F (15 and 30 degrees C) in a tightly closed container. Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep Pannaz S Syrup out of the reach of children and away from pets.

General information: If you have any questions about Pannaz S Syrup, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider. Pannaz S Syrup is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people. If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor. Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.

This information is a summary only. It does not contain all information about Pannaz S Syrup. If you have questions about the medicine you are taking or would like more information, check with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.

Issue Date: February 1, 2012 Database Edition 12.1.1.002 Copyright © 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. More Pannaz S resources Pannaz S Side Effects (in more detail)Pannaz S Use in Pregnancy & BreastfeedingPannaz S Drug InteractionsPannaz S Support Group0 Reviews for Pannaz S - Add your own review/rating Compare Pannaz S with other medications Rhinitis
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Metoclopramide Syrup


Generic Name: Metoclopramide (meht-oh-KLOE-pra-mide)
Brand Name: Generic only. No brands available.
Metoclopramide Syrup is used for:

Short term treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in certain patients who do not respond to other therapy. It is used to treat symptoms of a certain digestive problem in diabetic patients (diabetic gastroparesis). It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.

Metoclopramide Syrup is a gastrointestinal stimulant and anti-nauseant. It works by increasing the movement of the stomach and intestines to help move food and acid out of the stomach more quickly. It also works in certain areas in the brain to decrease nausea.

Do NOT use Metoclopramide Syrup if: you are allergic to any ingredient in Metoclopramide Syrup you have seizures (eg, epilepsy); bleeding, blockage, or perforation in your stomach or intestines; or tumors on your adrenal gland (pheochromocytoma) you are taking cabergoline or pergolide you are taking medicines, such as phenothiazines (eg, chlorpromazine), that may cause extrapyramidal reactions (abnormal, involuntary muscle movements of the head, neck, or limbs)

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

Before using Metoclopramide Syrup:

Some medical conditions may interact with Metoclopramide Syrup. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances if you have depression, asthma, heart failure, high blood pressure, diabetes, Parkinson disease, blood problems (eg, porphyria), kidney problems, or low levels of an enzyme called methemoglobin reductase

Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with Metoclopramide Syrup. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:

Cisapride or droperidol because side effects, such as muscle rigidity, increased heart rate, and altered mental abilities, may occur Anticholinergic medicine (eg, hyoscyamine), certain antihistamines (eg, diphenhydramine), or narcotic pain medicines (eg, codeine) because they may decrease Metoclopramide Syrup's effectiveness Acetaminophen, alcohol, levodopa, phenothiazines (eg, chlorpromazine), sedatives (eg, zolpidem), selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) (eg, fluoxetine), succinylcholine, or tetracycline because the risk of their side effects may be increased by Metoclopramide Syrup Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (eg, phenelzine) because the risk of serious side effects (eg, high blood pressure, seizures) may be increased Cabergoline, digoxin, or pergolide because their effectiveness may be decreased by Metoclopramide Syrup

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Metoclopramide Syrup may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

How to use Metoclopramide Syrup:

Use Metoclopramide Syrup as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

Take Metoclopramide Syrup by mouth 30 minutes before meals unless directed otherwise by your doctor. Use a measuring device marked for medicine dosing. Ask your pharmacist for help if you are unsure of how to measure your dose. It may take several days to weeks for Metoclopramide Syrup to work. Do not stop using Metoclopramide Syrup without checking with your doctor. If you miss a dose of Metoclopramide Syrup, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Metoclopramide Syrup.

Important safety information: Metoclopramide Syrup may cause drowsiness, dizziness, or blurred vision. These effects may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use Metoclopramide Syrup with caution. Do not drive or perform other possibly unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it. Do not drink alcohol or use medicines that may cause drowsiness (eg, sleep aids, muscle relaxers) while you are using Metoclopramide Syrup without first checking with your doctor; it may add to their effects. Ask your pharmacist if you have questions about which medicines may cause drowsiness. Diabetes patients- Metoclopramide Syrup may affect your blood sugar. Check blood sugar levels closely. Ask your doctor before you change the dose of your diabetes medicine. Neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) is a possibly fatal syndrome that can be caused by Metoclopramide Syrup. Symptoms may include fever; stiff muscles; confusion; abnormal thinking; fast or irregular heartbeat; and sweating. Contact your doctor at once if you have any of these symptoms. Some patients who take Metoclopramide Syrup may develop muscle movements that they cannot control. This is more likely to happen in elderly patients, especially women. The chance that this will happen or that it will become permanent is greater in those who take Metoclopramide Syrup in higher doses or for a long time. Muscle problems may also occur after short-term treatment with low doses. Tell your doctor at once if you have muscle problems with your arms; legs; or your tongue, face, mouth, or jaw (eg, tongue sticking out, puffing of cheeks, mouth puckering, chewing movements) while taking Metoclopramide Syrup. Lab tests, including liver and kidney function tests, may be performed while you use Metoclopramide Syrup. These tests may be used to monitor your condition or check for side effects. Be sure to keep all doctor and lab appointments. Metoclopramide Syrup should not be used in CHILDREN younger than 15 years old; safety and effectiveness in these children have not been confirmed. PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you become pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using Metoclopramide Syrup while you are pregnant. Metoclopramide Syrup is found in breast milk. If you are or will be breast-feeding while you use Metoclopramide Syrup, check with your doctor. Discuss any possible risks to your baby. Possible side effects of Metoclopramide Syrup:

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:

Decreased energy; diarrhea; dizziness; drowsiness; headache; nausea; restlessness; tiredness; trouble sleeping.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue; unusual hoarseness); abnormal thinking; confusion; dark urine; decreased coordination; decreased sexual ability; fast, slow, or irregular heartbeat; fever; hallucinations; loss of bladder control; mental or mood changes (eg, depression, anxiety, agitation, jitteriness); seizures; severe or persistent dizziness, headache, or trouble sleeping; severe or persistent restlessness, including inability to sit still; shortness of breath; stiff or rigid muscles; sudden increased sweating; sudden unusual weight gain; suicidal thoughts or actions; swelling of the arms, legs, or feet; uncontrolled muscle movements (eg, of the arms, legs, tongue, jaw, cheeks; twitching; tremors); vision changes; yellowing of the skin or eyes.

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.

See also: Metoclopramide side effects (in more detail)

If OVERDOSE is suspected:

Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately. Symptoms may include agitation; confusion; drowsiness; muscle restlessness; unusual movement of eyes, face, or limbs.

Proper storage of Metoclopramide Syrup:

Store Metoclopramide Syrup at room temperature, between 68 and 77 degrees F (20 and 25 degrees C) in a tightly closed container. Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep Metoclopramide Syrup out of the reach of children and away from pets.

General information: If you have any questions about Metoclopramide Syrup, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider. Metoclopramide Syrup is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people. If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor.

This information is a summary only. It does not contain all information about Metoclopramide Syrup. If you have questions about the medicine you are taking or would like more information, check with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.

Issue Date: February 1, 2012 Database Edition 12.1.1.002 Copyright © 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. More Metoclopramide resources Metoclopramide Side Effects (in more detail) Metoclopramide Use in Pregnancy & Breastfeeding Drug Images Metoclopramide Drug Interactions Metoclopramide Support Group 46 Reviews for Metoclopramide - Add your own review/rating Compare Metoclopramide with other medications Gastroparesis GERD Lactation Augmentation Migraine Nausea/Vomiting Nausea/Vomiting, Chemotherapy Induced Nausea/Vomiting, Postoperative Radiographic Exam Small Intestine Intubation
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Zotex-C Syrup


Pronunciation: KOE-deen/fen-ill-EF-rin/peer-IL-a-meen
Generic Name: Codeine/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine
Brand Name: Examples include Pro-Red AC and Zotex-C
Zotex-C Syrup is used for:

Treating symptoms of the common cold, flu, or hay fever, and other upper respiratory allergies such as cough, congestion, runny nose, sneezing, itching of the nose and throat, and itchy, watery eyes. Zotex-C Syrup may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.

Zotex-C Syrup is a narcotic antitussive (cough suppressant), antihistamine, and decongestant combination. The antitussive works by suppressing the cough center in the brain. The antihistamine works by blocking the action of histamine, which reduces the symptoms of an allergic reaction such as itch, watery eyes and runny nose. The decongestant shrinks swollen nasal passages, which relieves nasal congestion.

Do NOT use Zotex-C Syrup if: you are allergic to any ingredient in Zotex-C Syrup or any other codeine-related medicine (eg, dihydrocodeine) you have diarrhea associated with poisoning, antibiotic use, or a bacterial infection (from eating or drinking contaminated food or water) you have severe high blood pressure, severe heart blood vessel disease, rapid heartbeat, or severe heart problems you are taking sodium oxybate (GHB) or if you have taken furazolidone or a monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitor (eg, phenelzine) within the last 14 days

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

Before using Zotex-C Syrup:

Some medical conditions may interact with Zotex-C Syrup. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances if you have a history of alcohol or drug abuse, dependence on narcotics, or suicidal thoughts or behaviors if you have increased pressure in the head, an unusual growth in the brain (eg, tumor), a recent head injury, Parkinson disease, Reye syndrome, the blood disease porphyria, or a blockage of your stomach, bowel, or bladder if you have a history of epilepsy or seizures, asthma or other breathing problems (eg, sleep apnea), stomach or intestinal problems, chronic constipation, liver problems, glaucoma, an enlarged prostate gland or other prostate problems, difficulty urinating, heart problems, diabetes, high blood pressure, blood vessel problems, adrenal gland problems, overactive thyroid, seizures, or stroke if you have recently had abdominal surgery

Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with Zotex-C Syrup. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:

Barbiturate anesthetics (eg, thiopental), beta-blockers (eg, propranolol), cimetidine, catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) inhibitors (eg, tolcapone), furazolidone, indomethacin, ketorolac, MAO inhibitors (eg, phenelzine), naltrexone, sodium oxybate (GHB), or tricyclic antidepressants (eg, amitriptyline) because side effects of Zotex-C Syrup may be increased, including dangerous sleepiness and a decrease in the ability to breathe Digoxin or droxidopa because the risk of irregular heartbeat or heart attack may be increased Rifampin or risperidone because the effectiveness of Zotex-C Syrup may be decreased Bromocriptine or hydantoins (eg, phenytoin) because the actions and side effects may be increased by Zotex-C Syrup Guanadrel, guanethidine, mecamylamine, methyldopa, mexiletine, or reserpine because the effectiveness may be decreased by Zotex-C Syrup Naltrexone because the effectiveness of Zotex-C Syrup will be decreased and withdrawal symptoms may occur in patients who have become physically dependent on opioids. You must not take naltrexone until you have stopped taking Zotex-C Syrup for 7 to 10 days and after a naloxone challenge test is negative.

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Zotex-C Syrup may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

How to use Zotex-C Syrup:

Use Zotex-C Syrup as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

Zotex-C Syrup may be taken with or without food. If stomach upset occurs, take with food to reduce stomach irritation. Use a measuring device marked for medicine dosing. Ask your pharmacist for help if you are unsure of how to measure your dose. If you miss a dose of Zotex-C Syrup and you are taking it regularly, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Zotex-C Syrup.

Important safety information: Zotex-C Syrup may cause dizziness or drowsiness. Do not drive, operate machinery, or do anything else that could be dangerous until you know how you react to Zotex-C Syrup. Using Zotex-C Syrup alone, with other medicines, or with alcohol may lessen your ability to drive or to perform other potentially dangerous tasks. Do not drink alcohol while you are using Zotex-C Syrup. Avoid taking other medications that cause drowsiness (eg, sedatives, tranquilizers) while taking Zotex-C Syrup. Zotex-C Syrup will add to the effects of alcohol and other depressants. Ask your pharmacist if you have questions about which medicines are depressants. If your symptoms do not improve within 7 days or if you develop a high fever or persistent headache, check with your doctor. Use Zotex-C Syrup with caution in the ELDERLY because they may be more sensitive to its effects, especially possible breathing problems and drowsiness. Use Zotex-C Syrup with extreme caution in CHILDREN. Safety and effectiveness have not been confirmed. PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: It is unknown if Zotex-C Syrup can cause harm to the fetus. If you become pregnant while taking Zotex-C Syrup, discuss with your doctor the benefits and risks of using Zotex-C Syrup during pregnancy. Zotex-C Syrup is excreted in breast milk. If you are or will be breast-feeding while you are using Zotex-C Syrup, check with your doctor or pharmacist to discuss the risks to your baby.

Use of Zotex-C Syrup can lead to TOLERANCE. When using for an extended period, Zotex-C Syrup may not work as well and may require different dosing. Talk with your doctor if Zotex-C Syrup stops working well.

Long-term use of Zotex-C Syrup can lead to physical DEPENDENCE. The early sign of addiction is medicine ineffectiveness. Dependence is not an issue in terminal illness, when pain relief is more important. If using Zotex-C Syrup for an extended period of time, do not suddenly stop taking Zotex-C Syrup without your doctor's approval. WITHDRAWAL symptoms have occurred when Zotex-C Syrup is suddenly stopped and may include anxiety; diarrhea; fever; runny nose or sneezing; goose bumps and abnormal skin sensations; nausea and vomiting; pain; rigid muscles; seeing, hearing, or feeling things that are not there; shivering or tremors; sweating; trouble sleeping. Contact your doctor if you notice any of these symptoms after stopping use of Zotex-C Syrup.

Possible side effects of Zotex-C Syrup:

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:

Constipation; dizziness; drowsiness; dry mouth, throat, or nose; excitement; nausea; stomach upset; thickening or mucus in nose or throat.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); difficulty urinating; fast or irregular heartbeat; flushing or redness of face.

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.

See also: Zotex-C side effects (in more detail)

If OVERDOSE is suspected:

Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately. Symptoms may include agitation; coma; confusion; deep sleep or loss of consciousness; difficulty breathing; diminished mental alertness; hallucinations; hot or cold skin; large and unchanging pupils; sedation; seizures; shaking; sleeplessness; slowed breathing; slow heartbeat.

Proper storage of Zotex-C Syrup:

Store Zotex-C Syrup at room temperature, between 59 and 86 degrees F (15 and 30 degrees C). Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep Zotex-C Syrup out of the reach of children and away from pets.

General information: If you have any questions about Zotex-C Syrup, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider. Zotex-C Syrup is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people. If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor. Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.

This information is a summary only. It does not contain all information about Zotex-C Syrup. If you have questions about the medicine you are taking or would like more information, check with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.

Issue Date: February 1, 2012 Database Edition 12.1.1.002 Copyright © 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. More Zotex-C resources Zotex-C Side Effects (in more detail) Zotex-C Use in Pregnancy & Breastfeeding Zotex-C Drug Interactions Zotex-C Support Group 0 Reviews for Zotex-C - Add your own review/rating Compare Zotex-C with other medications Cold Symptoms Cough and Nasal Congestion
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Lickables Nutritional Gel



Dosage Form: FOR ANIMAL USE ONLY
Chamomile Lickables Nutritional Gell Hairball Relief for Cats and Kittens Ingredients

INGREDIENTS: Corn Syrup, Malt Syrup, Petrolatum, Cane Molasses, Soybean Oil, Mineral Oil, Water, Soy Protein Concentrate, Chamomile, Maple Flavor, Potassium Sorbate (A Preservative), Sorbic Acid (A Preservative) Vanilla Flavor.

Directions

Directions: A few tasty licks from your finger or from a dish, will start your cat on a life free from hairballs.

Dosage

Dosage for cats. Start with a 1-1/4 to 2-1/2 inch ribbon (1 half or 1 full teaspoon) for the first 2-3 days. Lower dose to a 3/4 inch ribbon (one third teaspoon) 2-3 times per week. For kittens over 4 weeks, use half doses.

FOR SUPPLEMENTAL FEEDING ONLY

FOR ANIMAL USE ONLY

Guaranteed Analysis per teaspoon (6 grams)

Guaranteed Analysis per teaspoon (6 grams)

Crude Protein (Min)         0.4%

Crude Fat (Min)              18.0%

Crude Fiber (Max)           3.0%

Moisture (Max)               17.2%

Principal Display Panel

Chamomile

Lickables Nutritional Gel

Hairball Relief

For Cats & Kittens

Eliminates Swallowed hair

and Hairballs

NET WT. 3 oz (85.0 gm)

Bottle Label Image

Bottle Label Image



Lickables Nutritional Gel 
hairball relief for cats and kittens  paste Product Information Product Type OTC ANIMAL DRUG NDC Product Code (Source) 66818-047 Route of Administration ORAL DEA Schedule      Active Ingredient/Active Moiety Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength Petrolatum (Petrolatum) Petrolatum 1.28 g  in 6 g Light Mineral Oil ( Light Mineral Oil) Light Mineral Oil 0.012 g  in 6 g Inactive Ingredients Ingredient Name Strength Sorbic acid   Potassium sorbate   Corn syrup   Product Characteristics Color      Score      Shape Size Flavor VANILLA Imprint Code Contains          Packaging # NDC Package Description Multilevel Packaging 1 66818-047-05 85 g In 1 TUBE None
Marketing Information Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date unapproved other 06/26/2008
Labeler - American Animal Health, Inc. (102617875) Registrant - American Animal Health, Inc. (102617875) Establishment Name Address ID/FEI Operations American Pharmaceuticals and Cosmetics, Inc. 038023805 manufacture, analysis Revised: 07/2009American Animal Health, Inc.

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Codeine/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup


Pronunciation: KOE-deen/fen-ill-EF-rin/peer-IL-a-meen
Generic Name: Codeine/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine
Brand Name: Examples include Pro-Red AC and Zotex-C
Codeine/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup is used for:

Treating symptoms of the common cold, flu, or hay fever, and other upper respiratory allergies such as cough, congestion, runny nose, sneezing, itching of the nose and throat, and itchy, watery eyes. Codeine/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.

Codeine/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup is a narcotic antitussive (cough suppressant), antihistamine, and decongestant combination. The antitussive works by suppressing the cough center in the brain. The antihistamine works by blocking the action of histamine, which reduces the symptoms of an allergic reaction such as itch, watery eyes and runny nose. The decongestant shrinks swollen nasal passages, which relieves nasal congestion.

Do NOT use Codeine/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup if: you are allergic to any ingredient in Codeine/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup or any other codeine-related medicine (eg, dihydrocodeine) you have diarrhea associated with poisoning, antibiotic use, or a bacterial infection (from eating or drinking contaminated food or water) you have severe high blood pressure, severe heart blood vessel disease, rapid heartbeat, or severe heart problems you are taking sodium oxybate (GHB) or if you have taken furazolidone or a monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitor (eg, phenelzine) within the last 14 days

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

Before using Codeine/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup:

Some medical conditions may interact with Codeine/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances if you have a history of alcohol or drug abuse, dependence on narcotics, or suicidal thoughts or behaviors if you have increased pressure in the head, an unusual growth in the brain (eg, tumor), a recent head injury, Parkinson disease, Reye syndrome, the blood disease porphyria, or a blockage of your stomach, bowel, or bladder if you have a history of epilepsy or seizures, asthma or other breathing problems (eg, sleep apnea), stomach or intestinal problems, chronic constipation, liver problems, glaucoma, an enlarged prostate gland or other prostate problems, difficulty urinating, heart problems, diabetes, high blood pressure, blood vessel problems, adrenal gland problems, overactive thyroid, seizures, or stroke if you have recently had abdominal surgery

Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with Codeine/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:

Barbiturate anesthetics (eg, thiopental), beta-blockers (eg, propranolol), cimetidine, catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) inhibitors (eg, tolcapone), furazolidone, indomethacin, ketorolac, MAO inhibitors (eg, phenelzine), naltrexone, sodium oxybate (GHB), or tricyclic antidepressants (eg, amitriptyline) because side effects of Codeine/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup may be increased, including dangerous sleepiness and a decrease in the ability to breathe Digoxin or droxidopa because the risk of irregular heartbeat or heart attack may be increased Rifampin or risperidone because the effectiveness of Codeine/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup may be decreased Bromocriptine or hydantoins (eg, phenytoin) because the actions and side effects may be increased by Codeine/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup Guanadrel, guanethidine, mecamylamine, methyldopa, mexiletine, or reserpine because the effectiveness may be decreased by Codeine/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup Naltrexone because the effectiveness of Codeine/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup will be decreased and withdrawal symptoms may occur in patients who have become physically dependent on opioids. You must not take naltrexone until you have stopped taking Codeine/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup for 7 to 10 days and after a naloxone challenge test is negative.

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Codeine/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

How to use Codeine/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup:

Use Codeine/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

Codeine/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup may be taken with or without food. If stomach upset occurs, take with food to reduce stomach irritation. Use a measuring device marked for medicine dosing. Ask your pharmacist for help if you are unsure of how to measure your dose. If you miss a dose of Codeine/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup and you are taking it regularly, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Codeine/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup.

Important safety information: Codeine/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup may cause dizziness or drowsiness. Do not drive, operate machinery, or do anything else that could be dangerous until you know how you react to Codeine/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup. Using Codeine/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup alone, with other medicines, or with alcohol may lessen your ability to drive or to perform other potentially dangerous tasks. Do not drink alcohol while you are using Codeine/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup. Avoid taking other medications that cause drowsiness (eg, sedatives, tranquilizers) while taking Codeine/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup. Codeine/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup will add to the effects of alcohol and other depressants. Ask your pharmacist if you have questions about which medicines are depressants. If your symptoms do not improve within 7 days or if you develop a high fever or persistent headache, check with your doctor. Use Codeine/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup with caution in the ELDERLY because they may be more sensitive to its effects, especially possible breathing problems and drowsiness. Use Codeine/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup with extreme caution in CHILDREN. Safety and effectiveness have not been confirmed. PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: It is unknown if Codeine/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup can cause harm to the fetus. If you become pregnant while taking Codeine/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup, discuss with your doctor the benefits and risks of using Codeine/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup during pregnancy. Codeine/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup is excreted in breast milk. If you are or will be breast-feeding while you are using Codeine/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup, check with your doctor or pharmacist to discuss the risks to your baby.

Use of Codeine/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup can lead to TOLERANCE. When using for an extended period, Codeine/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup may not work as well and may require different dosing. Talk with your doctor if Codeine/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup stops working well.

Long-term use of Codeine/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup can lead to physical DEPENDENCE. The early sign of addiction is medicine ineffectiveness. Dependence is not an issue in terminal illness, when pain relief is more important. If using Codeine/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup for an extended period of time, do not suddenly stop taking Codeine/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup without your doctor's approval. WITHDRAWAL symptoms have occurred when Codeine/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup is suddenly stopped and may include anxiety; diarrhea; fever; runny nose or sneezing; goose bumps and abnormal skin sensations; nausea and vomiting; pain; rigid muscles; seeing, hearing, or feeling things that are not there; shivering or tremors; sweating; trouble sleeping. Contact your doctor if you notice any of these symptoms after stopping use of Codeine/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup.

Possible side effects of Codeine/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup:

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:

Constipation; dizziness; drowsiness; dry mouth, throat, or nose; excitement; nausea; stomach upset; thickening or mucus in nose or throat.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); difficulty urinating; fast or irregular heartbeat; flushing or redness of face.

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.

See also: Codeine/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine side effects (in more detail)

If OVERDOSE is suspected:

Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately. Symptoms may include agitation; coma; confusion; deep sleep or loss of consciousness; difficulty breathing; diminished mental alertness; hallucinations; hot or cold skin; large and unchanging pupils; sedation; seizures; shaking; sleeplessness; slowed breathing; slow heartbeat.

Proper storage of Codeine/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup:

Store Codeine/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup at room temperature, between 59 and 86 degrees F (15 and 30 degrees C). Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep Codeine/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup out of the reach of children and away from pets.

General information: If you have any questions about Codeine/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider. Codeine/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people. If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor. Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.

This information is a summary only. It does not contain all information about Codeine/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Syrup. If you have questions about the medicine you are taking or would like more information, check with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.

Issue Date: February 1, 2012 Database Edition 12.1.1.002 Copyright © 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. More Codeine/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine resources Codeine/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Side Effects (in more detail) Codeine/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Use in Pregnancy & Breastfeeding Codeine/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Drug Interactions Codeine/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine Support Group 0 Reviews for Codeine/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine - Add your own review/rating Compare Codeine/Phenylephrine/Pyrilamine with other medications Cold Symptoms Cough and Nasal Congestion
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Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup


Pronunciation: KOE-deen/pir-IL-a-meen
Generic Name: Codeine/Pyrilamine
Brand Name: Pro-Clear AC
Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup is used for:

Relieving runny nose, sneezing, and cough due to colds, upper respiratory infections, and allergies. It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.

Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup is an antihistamine and narcotic cough suppressant combination. The antihistamine works by blocking the action of histamine, which helps reduce symptoms such as watery eyes and sneezing. The cough suppressant works in the brain to help decrease the cough reflex, which reduces dry cough.

Do NOT use Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup if: you are allergic to any ingredient in Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup or any other codeine- or morphine-related medicine you have severe high blood pressure, severe heart blood vessel disease, increased pressure in the brain, respiratory depression, angle-closure glaucoma, or peptic ulcers you are unable to urinate or are having an asthma attack you are taking sodium oxybate (GHB) or if you have taken furazolidone or a monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI) (eg, phenelzine) within the last 14 days

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

Before using Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup:

Some medical conditions may interact with Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances if you have heart blood vessel problems, irregular heartbeat, or any other heart problems (eg, cor pulmonale) if you have a history of high blood pressure; diabetes; liver problems; stroke; glaucoma or increased pressure in the eye; a blockage of your bladder, stomach, or bowels; ulcers; trouble urinating; an enlarged prostate or other prostate problems; or an overactive thyroid if you have a history of asthma, chronic cough, lung or breathing problems (eg, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, sleep apnea, slow or irregular breathing), or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), or if your cough occurs with large amounts of mucus if you have severe drowsiness, recent head or brain injury, brain tumor or lesions, infection of the brain or nervous system, or a seizure disorder (eg, epilepsy) if you have a history of constipation, stomach problems (eg, ulcers), bowel problems (eg, chronic inflammation or ulceration of the bowel), urinary problems (eg, urinary tract obstruction), or gallbladder problems (eg, gallstones), or if you have had recent stomach or bowel surgery if you have a history of alcohol or substance abuse or suicidal thoughts or behavior, or if you are very overweight

Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:

Anticholinergics (eg, scopolamine) because a serious bowel motility problem (paralytic ileus) may occur Cimetidine, furazolidone, GHB, HIV protease inhibitors (eg, ritonavir), MAOIs (eg, phenelzine), or tricyclic antidepressants (eg, amitriptyline) because they may increase the risk of Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup's side effects Narcotic pain medicines (eg, hydrocodone) because the risk of their side effects may be increased by Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup Naltrexone, quinidine, or rifamycins (eg, rifampin) because they may decrease Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup's effectiveness

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

How to use Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup:

Use Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

Take Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup by mouth with or without food. Use a measuring device marked for medicine dosing. Ask your pharmacist for help if you are unsure of how to measure your dose. If you miss a dose of Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup.

Important safety information: Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup may cause dizziness, drowsiness, or blurred vision. These effects may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup with caution. Do not drive or perform other possibly unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it. Do not drink alcohol or use medicines that may cause drowsiness (eg, sleep aids, muscle relaxers) while you are using Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup; it may add to their effects. Ask your pharmacist if you have questions about which medicines may cause drowsiness. Do not take diet or appetite control medicines while you are taking Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup without checking with your doctor. Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup has codeine and pyrilamine in it. Before you start any new medicine, check the label to see if it has codeine or pyrilamine in it too. If it does or if you are not sure, check with your doctor or pharmacist. Do NOT take more than the recommended dose or use for longer than prescribed without checking with your doctor. If your cough or other symptoms persist for more than 1 week, come back, or if you also have fever, rash, or persistent headache, check with your doctor. Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup may interfere with skin allergy tests. If you are scheduled for a skin test, talk to your doctor. You may need to stop taking Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup for a few days before the test. Tell your doctor or dentist that you take Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup before you receive any medical or dental care, emergency care, or surgery. Use Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup with caution in the ELDERLY; they may be more sensitive to its effects. Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup should not be used in CHILDREN younger than 6 years old; safety and effectiveness in these children have not been confirmed. PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you become pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup while you are pregnant. It is not known if Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup is found in breast milk. Do not breast-feed while taking Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup.

When used for long periods of time or at high doses, Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup may not work as well and may require higher doses to obtain the same effect as when originally taken. This is known as TOLERANCE. Talk with your doctor if Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup stops working well. Do not take more than prescribed.

When used for long periods of time or at high doses, some people develop a need to continue taking Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup. This is known as DEPENDENCE or addiction.

If you suddenly stop taking Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup, you may experience WITHDRAWAL symptoms including anxiety; diarrhea; fever, runny nose, or sneezing; goose bumps and abnormal skin sensations; nausea; pain; rigid muscles; rapid heartbeat; seeing, hearing or feeling things that are not there; shivering or tremors; sweating; trouble sleeping; vomiting.

Possible side effects of Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup:

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:

Constipation; diarrhea; dizziness; drowsiness; dry mouth, nose, or throat; headache; loss of appetite; nausea; thickening of mucus secretions; upset stomach; vomiting.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); blurred vision, double vision, or other vision changes; confusion; difficulty urinating or inability to urinate; fast or irregular heartbeat; loss of coordination; mood or mental changes; nervousness; ringing in the ears; seizures; severe dizziness, lightheadedness, or headache; severe drowsiness; tremor; trouble sleeping; unusual bruising or bleeding; unusual weakness or tiredness.

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.

See also: Codeine/Pyrilamine side effects (in more detail)

If OVERDOSE is suspected:

Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately. Symptoms may include blurred vision; cold, clammy skin; coma; confusion; hallucinations; muscle weakness; seizures; severe dizziness, lightheadedness, or headache; severe drowsiness; unusually fast, slow, or irregular heartbeat; vomiting.

Proper storage of Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup:

Store Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup at room temperature, between 59 and 86 degrees F (15 and 30 degrees C). Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup out of the reach of children and away from pets.

General information: If you have any questions about Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider. Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people. If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor. Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.

This information is a summary only. It does not contain all information about Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup. If you have questions about the medicine you are taking or would like more information, check with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.

Issue Date: February 1, 2012 Database Edition 12.1.1.002 Copyright © 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. More Codeine/Pyrilamine resources Codeine/Pyrilamine Side Effects (in more detail) Codeine/Pyrilamine Support Group 0 Reviews · Be the first to review/rate this drug
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Lithium Syrup


Pronunciation: LITH-ee-um
Generic Name: Lithium
Brand Name: Generic only. No brands available.

Lithium toxicity is closely related to blood lithium levels and can occur at doses close to normal blood lithium levels. Do not exceed the recommended dose. Your doctor should monitor your blood lithium levels routinely to help prevent lithium toxicity. Contact your doctor immediately if you experience symptoms of toxicity, such as nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, blurred vision, ringing in the ears, drowsiness, giddiness, muscle weakness, tremor, twitching, seizures, loss of consciousness, back and forth eye movements, loss of coordination, or increased urination.


Lithium Syrup is used for:

Treating manic episodes in patients with bipolar disorder. It is also used to reduce the frequency and decrease the severity of manic episodes in patients with bipolar disorder. It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.

Lithium Syrup is an antimanic agent. Exactly how Lithium Syrup works is unknown, but it may work by altering the balance of certain chemicals in the brain.

Do NOT use Lithium Syrup if: you are allergic to any ingredient in Lithium Syrup you have moderate to severe kidney or heart problems you have low blood sodium levels you are severely dehydrated, ill, or weakened

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

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Before using Lithium Syrup:

Some medical conditions may interact with Lithium Syrup. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances if you have diarrhea, vomiting, excessive sweating, dehydration, fever, infection, or illness, or you are in a weakened state if you have psoriasis or kidney, heart, or thyroid problems if you have or are suspected to have a certain genetic heart disease (Brugada syndrome), or you have risk factors for it (eg, unexplained fainting; family history of Brugada syndrome; family history of sudden, unexplained death before the age of 45 years) if you have brain or nerve problems (eg, organic brain syndrome) if you are on a low-salt diet

Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with Lithium Syrup. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:

Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors (eg, enalapril), angiotensin II receptor antagonists (eg, losartan), calcium channel blockers (eg, verapamil), carbamazepine, diuretics (eg, furosemide, hydrochlorothiazide), hydantoins (eg, phenytoin), methyldopa, metronidazole, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) (eg, indomethacin, celecoxib), selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) antidepressants (eg, fluoxetine), or serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) (eg, venlafaxine) because the risk of toxicity of Lithium Syrup may be increased Butyrophenones (eg, haloperidol) or other medicines for mental or mood problems because the risk of a severe and sometimes permanent nervous system problem (encephalopathic syndrome) characterized by weakness, fever, tremor, confusion, sluggishness, or uncontrolled muscle movements may be increased Iodide preparations (eg, potassium iodide) because the risk of low thyroid levels may be increased Acetazolamide, urea, urinary alkalinizers (eg, sodium bicarbonate), or xanthines (eg, theophylline) because they may decrease Lithium Syrup's effectiveness

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Lithium Syrup may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

How to use Lithium Syrup:

Use Lithium Syrup as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

Use a measuring device marked for medicine dosing. Ask your pharmacist for help if you are unsure of how to measure your dose. Take Lithium Syrup by mouth with or without food. If stomach upset occurs, take with food to reduce stomach irritation. Drinking extra fluids while you are taking Lithium Syrup is recommended. Check with your doctor for instructions. Do not change your diet, including the amount of salt in your diet, unless instructed by your doctor. If you miss a dose of Lithium Syrup, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Lithium Syrup.

Important safety information: Lithium Syrup may cause drowsiness or dizziness. These effects may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use Lithium Syrup with caution. Do not drive or perform other possibly unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it. Do NOT take more than the recommended dose without checking with your doctor. It may take 1 to 3 weeks for Lithium Syrup to work. Do not stop using Lithium Syrup or change your dose without checking with your doctor. Tell your doctor or dentist that you take Lithium Syrup before you receive any medical or dental care, emergency care, or surgery. Fever, infection, vomiting, diarrhea, or excessive sweating may affect the levels of Lithium Syrup in your blood. If you experience any of these conditions, contact your doctor. Talk to your doctor about how to replace the salt lost through sweating during exercise. Do not change the amount of salt in your diet unless instructed by your doctor. Check with your doctor before restricting your salt intake. Tell your doctor if you are on a low-salt diet. Lab tests, including blood lithium levels and kidney function tests, may be performed while you use Lithium Syrup. These tests may be used to monitor your condition or check for side effects. Be sure to keep all doctor and lab appointments. Use Lithium Syrup with caution in the ELDERLY; they may be more sensitive to its effects. Lithium Syrup should not be used in CHILDREN younger than 12 years old; safety and effectiveness in these children have not been confirmed. PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: Lithium Syrup may cause harm to the fetus. If you think you may be pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using Lithium Syrup while you are pregnant. Lithium Syrup is found in breast milk. Do not breast-feed while taking Lithium Syrup. Possible side effects of Lithium Syrup:

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:

Drying or thinning of the hair; hair loss; mild hand tremor; mild loss of appetite; mild thirst; mild tiredness; temporary, mild nausea and general discomfort at the beginning of treatment.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue; unusual hoarseness); back and forth eye movements; confusion; diarrhea; dizziness or light-headedness; drowsiness; dry mouth or eyes; fainting; giddiness; inability to control the bladder or bowels; increased or decreased urination; increased thirst; involuntary twitching or muscle movements; loss of consciousness; loss of coordination; muscle weakness; numbness of the skin; restlessness; ringing in the ears; seizures; severe or persistent headache or nausea; shortness of breath; slow or irregular heartbeat; sluggishness; slurred speech; swelling of the ankles or wrists; tremor; unsteadiness; vision changes (eg, blurred vision); vomiting; weight changes.

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.

See also: Lithium side effects (in more detail)

If OVERDOSE is suspected:

Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately. Symptoms may include back and forth eye movements; blurred vision; diarrhea; drowsiness; giddiness; increased urination; loss of consciousness; loss of coordination; muscle weakness; nausea; ringing in the ears; seizures; tremor; twitching; vomiting.

Proper storage of Lithium Syrup:

Store Lithium Syrup at 77 degrees F (25 degrees C) in a tightly closed container. Brief storage at temperatures between 59 and 86 degrees F (15 and 30 degrees C) is permitted. Store away from heat, light, and moisture. Keep Lithium Syrup out of the reach of children and away from pets.

General information: If you have any questions about Lithium Syrup, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider. Lithium Syrup is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people. If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor. Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.

This information is a summary only. It does not contain all information about Lithium Syrup. If you have questions about the medicine you are taking or would like more information, check with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.

Issue Date: February 1, 2012 Database Edition 12.1.1.002 Copyright © 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. More Lithium resources Lithium Side Effects (in more detail) Lithium Use in Pregnancy & Breastfeeding Drug Images Lithium Drug Interactions Lithium Support Group 88 Reviews for Lithium - Add your own review/rating Compare Lithium with other medications Bipolar Disorder Cluster Headaches Mania Schizoaffective Disorder
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Valproic Acid Syrup


Pronunciation: val-PROE-ik AS-id
Generic Name: Valproic Acid
Brand Name: Depakene

Severe and sometimes fatal liver problems have occurred with the use of Valproic Acid Syrup. The risk is greater in children younger than 2 years old, especially those who have metabolic disorders, seizure disorders with mental retardation, brain disease, or who take multiple seizure medicines.

When liver problems have occurred, it usually has been during the first 6 months of treatment. Contact your doctor right away if symptoms of liver problems occur (eg, dark urine, general feeling of being unwell, loss of appetite, sluggishness, swelling of the face, vomiting, weakness, yellowing of the skin or eyes). Patients with seizure disorders may also experience worsening of seizures. Contact your doctor right away if this occurs. Liver function tests should be performed before you start Valproic Acid Syrup and during treatment. Be sure to keep all doctor and lab appointments.

Valproic Acid Syrup may cause severe birth defects if you take it while you are pregnant. Women who are able to become pregnant should discuss with their doctor the benefits and risks of using Valproic Acid Syrup during pregnancy. Contact your doctor right away if you think you may be pregnant. An extra patient leaflet about this risk is available with Valproic Acid Syrup. Read it carefully. Talk with your doctor if you have questions about this information.

Severe and sometimes fatal pancreas problems have occurred with the use of Valproic Acid Syrup. These problems have occurred soon after starting Valproic Acid Syrup, as well as after several years of treatment. Tell your doctor right away if you develop loss of appetite, nausea, stomach pain, or vomiting.


Valproic Acid Syrup is used for:

Treating certain seizure disorders. It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.

Valproic Acid Syrup is an anticonvulsant. It works by increasing the amount of a certain chemical in the brain.

Do NOT use Valproic Acid Syrup if: you are allergic to any ingredient in Valproic Acid Syrup you have liver problems or a urea cycle disorder

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

Before using Valproic Acid Syrup:

Some medical conditions may interact with Valproic Acid Syrup. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, are breast-feeding, or are of childbearing age if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances if you have a history of liver problems, cancer, blood or bleeding problems (eg, low blood platelet levels), HIV infection, cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection, kidney problems, pancreas problems, low blood albumin levels, or high blood glycine levels if you have a history of metabolic problems, brain disease, coma, high blood ammonia or glutamine levels, low body temperature, mental retardation, recurring vomiting and sluggishness, or recurring extreme irritability if you have a history of mental or mood problems, suicidal thoughts or actions, or alcohol abuse or dependence if you have decreased food or fluid intake, or if you are scheduled for surgery if you have a family history of urea cycle disorders or unexplained infant deaths if you take any other medicine for seizures

Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with Valproic Acid Syrup. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:

Clonazepam because the risk of seizures may be increased in certain patients Topiramate because the risk of high ammonium levels and brain problems may be increased Felbamate or salicylates (eg, aspirin) because they may increase the risk of Valproic Acid Syrup's side effects Carbamazepine, carbapenem antibiotics (eg, imipenem), hormonal birth control (eg, birth control pills), hydantoins (eg, phenytoin), mefloquine, or rifampin because they may decrease Valproic Acid Syrup's effectiveness Anticoagulants (eg, warfarin), barbiturates (eg, phenobarbital), benzodiazepines (eg, diazepam), ethosuximide, lamotrigine, primidone, tolbutamide, tricyclic antidepressants (eg, amitriptyline), or zidovudine because the risk of their side effects may be increased by Valproic Acid Syrup

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Valproic Acid Syrup may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

How to use Valproic Acid Syrup:

Use Valproic Acid Syrup as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

An extra patient leaflet is available with Valproic Acid Syrup. Talk to your pharmacist if you have questions about this information. Take Valproic Acid Syrup by mouth with or without food. If stomach upset occurs, take with food to reduce stomach irritation. Use a measuring device marked for medicine dosing. Ask your pharmacist for help if you are unsure of how to measure your dose. Valproic Acid Syrup works best if it is taken at the same time each day. Continue to take Valproic Acid Syrup even if you feel well. Do not miss any doses. Do not suddenly stop taking Valproic Acid Syrup; this may cause an increased risk of severe seizures. If you need to stop Valproic Acid Syrup or add a new medicine, your doctor will gradually lower your dose. If you miss a dose of Valproic Acid Syrup, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Valproic Acid Syrup.

Important safety information: Valproic Acid Syrup may cause dizziness, drowsiness, or vision changes. These effects may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use Valproic Acid Syrup with caution. Do not drive or perform other possibly unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it. Check with your doctor before you drink alcohol or use medicines that may cause drowsiness (eg, sleep aids, muscle relaxers) while you are using Valproic Acid Syrup; it may add to their effects. Ask your pharmacist if you have questions about which medicines may cause drowsiness. Patients who take Valproic Acid Syrup may be at increased risk for suicidal thoughts or actions. The risk may be greater in patients who have bipolar (manic-depressive) illness and in those who have had suicidal thoughts or actions in the past. Watch patients who take Valproic Acid Syrup closely. Contact the doctor at once if new, worsened, or sudden symptoms such as depressed mood; anxious, restless, or irritable behavior; panic attacks; or any unusual change in mood or behavior occur. Contact the doctor right away if any signs of suicidal thoughts or actions occur. Valproic Acid Syrup may reduce the number of clot-forming cells (platelets) in your blood. Avoid activities that may cause bruising or injury. Tell your doctor if you have unusual bruising or bleeding. Tell your doctor if you have dark, tarry, or bloody stools. Tell your doctor or dentist that you take Valproic Acid Syrup before you receive any medical or dental care, emergency care, or surgery. Diabetes patients - Valproic Acid Syrup may cause the results of some tests for urine ketones to be wrong. Ask your doctor before you change your diet or the dose of your diabetes medicine. Valproic Acid Syrup may interfere with certain lab tests, including thyroid function tests. Be sure your doctor and lab personnel know you are taking Valproic Acid Syrup. Lab tests, including complete blood cell counts and liver function, may be performed while you use Valproic Acid Syrup. These tests may be used to monitor your condition or check for side effects. Be sure to keep all doctor and lab appointments. Use Valproic Acid Syrup with caution in the ELDERLY; they may be more sensitive to its effects, especially drowsiness. Valproic Acid Syrup should be used with extreme caution in CHILDREN, especially children younger than 2 years old; they may be at increased risk of serious and sometimes fatal liver problems. PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: Valproic Acid Syrup has been shown to cause harm to the fetus. Use an effective form of birth control while you take Valproic Acid Syrup. If you think you may be pregnant or wish to become pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using Valproic Acid Syrup while you are pregnant. Valproic Acid Syrup is found in breast milk. Do not breast-feed while you are taking Valproic Acid Syrup. Possible side effects of Valproic Acid Syrup:

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:

Constipation; diarrhea; dizziness; drowsiness; headache; increased or decreased appetite; mild hair loss; nausea; sore throat; stomach pain or upset; trouble sleeping; vomiting; weakness; weight gain.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); abnormal thinking; behavior changes; blurred vision or other vision changes; change in menstrual period; change in the amount of urine produced; chest pain; confusion; dark urine; fast or irregular heartbeat; fever, chills, or persistent sore throat; general feeling of being unwell; hallucinations; hearing loss; joint or muscle pain or weakness; loss of coordination; memory loss; new or worsening mental or mood changes (eg, aggressiveness, agitation, anxiety, depression, exaggerated feeling of well-being, hostility, impulsiveness, inability to sit still, irritability, panic attacks, restlessness); pale stools; red, swollen, peeling, or blistered skin; ringing in the ears; severe or persistent nausea, vomiting, or loss of appetite; severe or persistent stomach pain or cramps; shortness of breath; sluggishness; suicidal thoughts or actions; swelling of the arms or legs; swollen lymph nodes; tremor; trouble speaking or walking; uncontrolled muscle movements; unusual bleeding or bruising; unusual tiredness or weakness; yellowing of the skin or eyes.

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.

See also: Valproic Acid side effects (in more detail)

If OVERDOSE is suspected:

Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately. Symptoms may include irregular heartbeat; loss of consciousness; severe drowsiness.

Proper storage of Valproic Acid Syrup:

Store Valproic Acid Syrup at room temperature, below 86 degrees F (30 degrees C). Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep Valproic Acid Syrup out of the reach of children and away from pets.

General information: If you have any questions about Valproic Acid Syrup, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider. Valproic Acid Syrup is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people. If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor. Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.

This information is a summary only. It does not contain all information about Valproic Acid Syrup. If you have questions about the medicine you are taking or would like more information, check with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.

Issue Date: February 1, 2012 Database Edition 12.1.1.002 Copyright © 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. More Valproic Acid resources Valproic Acid Side Effects (in more detail) Valproic Acid Use in Pregnancy & Breastfeeding Drug Images Valproic Acid Drug Interactions Valproic Acid Support Group 10 Reviews for Valproic Acid - Add your own review/rating Compare Valproic Acid with other medications Bipolar Disorder Hyperekplexia Mania Migraine Prevention Schizoaffective Disorder Seizure Prevention Seizures
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