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Kerasal


Generic Name: salicylic acid and urea topical (sal ih SILL ik AH sid and you REE ah)
Brand Names: Kerasal

What is Kerasal (salicylic acid and urea topical)?

Salicylic acid is a keratolytic (peeling agent). Salicylic acid causes shedding of the outer layer of skin.

Urea is an emollient (skin softening agent). Urea helps to moisturize the skin.

Salicylic acid and urea topical is used to soften rough, scaly skin and calluses on the feet.

Salicylic acid and urea topical may also be used for purposes other than those listed here.

What is the most important information I should know about Kerasal (salicylic acid and urea topical)? Do not use salicylic acid and urea topical on other areas or for purposes other than those directed on the package or by your doctor. What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before using Kerasal (salicylic acid and urea topical)? Do not use salicylic acid and urea topical on other areas or for purposes other than those directed on the package or by your doctor. It is not known whether salicylic acid and urea topical will be harmful to an unborn baby. Do not use salicylic acid and urea topical without first talking to your doctor if you are pregnant or could become pregnant during treatment. It is not known whether salicylic acid and urea topical passes into breast milk. Do not use salicylic acid and urea topical without first talking to your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby. How should I use Kerasal (salicylic acid and urea topical)?

Use salicylic acid and urea topical exactly as directed by your healthcare provider or as directed on the package. If you do not understand these instructions, ask your pharmacist, nurse, or doctor to explain them to you.

Gently clean and dry the affected area.

Apply the medication to the affected area(s) as directed.

It is important to use salicylic acid and urea topical regularly to get the most benefit. Do not stop using the medication if you do not see results immediately. Use the medication for the full amount of time directed. Store salicylic acid and urea topical at room temperature away from moisture and heat. What happens if I miss a dose?

Use the missed dose as soon as you remember. However, if it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and use only the next regularly scheduled dose.

Do not apply a double dose of the medication.

What happens if I overdose? An overdose of salicylic acid and urea topical is unlikely to be harmful. If you do suspect an overdose, or if the medication has been ingested, call a poison control center or emergency room for advice. What should I avoid while using Kerasal (salicylic acid and urea topical)?

Do not use other topical preparations on the treated area unless otherwise directed by your healthcare provider. Other topical products may interfere with treatment or cause skin irritation.

Kerasal (salicylic acid and urea topical) side effects Serious side effects are expected to occur with the use of salicylic acid and urea topical. If you do experience any of the following rare serious side effects, stop using salicylic acid and urea topical and seek emergency medical attention or contact your doctor:

an rare but serious allergic reaction (shortness of breath; closing of the throat; swelling of the lips, face, or tongue; or hives); or

severe skin irritation.

Side effects other than those listed here may also occur. Talk to your doctor about any side effect that seems unusual or that is especially bothersome. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What other drugs will affect Kerasal (salicylic acid and urea topical)?

Do not use other topical preparations on the treated area unless otherwise directed by your healthcare provider. Other topical products may interfere with treatment or cause skin irritation.

Drugs other than those listed here may also interact with salicylic acid and urea topical. Talk to your doctor and pharmacist before taking or using any other prescription or over-the-counter medicines, including vitamins, minerals, and herbal products.

More Kerasal resources Kerasal Side Effects (in more detail) Kerasal Use in Pregnancy & Breastfeeding Kerasal Drug Interactions Kerasal Support Group 0 Reviews for Kerasal - Add your own review/rating Salvax Duo Foam MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer) Salvax Duo Plus Foam MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer) Compare Kerasal with other medications Foot Care Where can I get more information? Your pharmacist has additional information about salicylic acid and urea topical written for health professionals that you may read.

See also: Kerasal side effects (in more detail)


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Salicylic Acid


Class: Keratolytic Agents
ATC Class: D01AE12
VA Class: DE500
CAS Number: 69-72-7
Brands: Aveeno Clear Complexion, Clearasil, Compound W, Denorex, Dermarest, DHS Sal, Dr Scholl’s, DuoFilm, Freezone, Hydrisalic, Ionil Plus, Keralyt, Kerasal, Mediplast, Meted, MG 217 Sal-Acid, Neutrogena Rapid Clear, Neutrogena T-Sal, Noxzema, Occlusal, Oxy, P&S, Psoriasin, Sal-Acid, Salactic, Salex, Sal-Plant, Sebasorb , Stridex, Tarsum , Trans-Ver-Sal, Versiclear, Wart-off

Introduction

Keratolytic agent; derivative of benzoic acid.a o

Uses for Salicylic Acid Acne

Salicylic acid is used alone or in combination with other drugs (e.g., resorcinol, sulfur) for the symptomatic treatment of acne.a c k

Seborrheic Dermatitis and Psoriasis

Salicylic acid is used for self-medication to control seborrheic dermatitis of the body and scalp, psoriasis of the body and scalp, dandruff, and other scaling dermatoses.a f l m o q r s

Cream, lotion, and gel (6% salicylic acid) used to aid in the exfoliation of dry, scaly skin associated with psoriasis.l o p

Hyperkeratosis

Salicylic acid is used topically as self-medication for its keratolytic and caustic effect in the removal of common and plantar warts;a d h j l also used to remove corns and calluses.a e i n o p

Salicylic acid is used for treatment of localized hyperkeratosis that occurs on the palms and soles.a l o

Tinea Versicolor

Salicylic acid is used in combination with an antifungal (sodium thiosulfate) for the treatment of tinea versicolor (Malassezia furfur) infection.g

Salicylic Acid Dosage and Administration General

Consult a clinician prior to initiating self-medication for a condition that covers a large area of the body.f m q r

Administration Topical Administration

Apply topically to the skin as a cake, cream, gel, lotion, ointment, pledget, plaster, shampoo, or solution.h i j k l m n o q r s t

For external use only;c d e f h i j k not for ophthalmic, oral, or intravaginal use.l o p If contact with the eye(s) occurs, wash thoroughly with water.d e f h k m n q r

Rinse hands thoroughly after topical application, unless hands are being treated.l o p

Do not use systemically because of severe irritating effect on GI mucosa and other tissues.a b

Apply salicylic acid 6% cream (Salex), lotion (Salex), or gel (Keralyt, Hydrisalic) topically to affected area(s) at bedtime.l o p Hydrate affected area of skin (e.g., with wet packs or baths) for ?5 minutes prior to application and cover with occlusive dressing.l o p In the morning, wash affected area of skin; may apply a bland emollient if affected skin is irritated or excessively dry.l o If occlusion is not possible, may apply more frequently.l o p However, excessive, repeated application does not necessarily increase therapeutic benefit and may increase risk of adverse local effects and salicylism.l (See Salicylate Toxicity under Cautions.)

Acne (Self-medication)

Apply topically using appropriate preparations containing salicylic acid 0.5–2%.c

Cleanse and dry the affected area prior to topical application.c

Apply a thin layer of appropriate salicylic acid preparation (e.g., cream, gel, lotion) to affected areas.c

Apply cake or cleansing solution with water, in place of regular soap; rinse thoroughly with warm water and pat dry.c k

Seborrheic Dermatitis and Psoriasis (Self-medication)

Apply topically using appropriate preparations containing salicylic acid 1.8–3%.f

Apply cream, lotion, ointment, gel, or solution to affected areas of skin.f

Apply preparations formulated as soaps or shampoo to affected area(s) in place of regular soap or shampoo.f m

Hyperkeratosis

Corn and Callus Removal (Self-medication): Apply topically using appropriate preparations containing salicylic acid 12–40% (e.g., plaster, solution in flexible collodion) or 3% (gel).e

Do not apply on irritated or infected skin.e n

Cleanse and dry the affected area prior to topical application.e i n

Trim plaster to fit completely over the callus or corn and apply.e i

Apply a small amount of solution in flexible collodion with an applicator to sufficiently cover corn or callus and allow to dry.e n

Apply a small amount of solution or gel (e.g., 1 drop at a time) with an applicator to sufficiently cover corn or callus; allow to dry.e h

May soak affected area(s) in warm water for 5 minutes to aid in corn or callus removal.e i n

Wart Removal (Self-medication): Apply topically using appropriate preparations containing salicylic acid 12–40% (plaster) or 5–17% (solution in flexible collodion).d h j

Do not use on moles, birthmarks, warts with hair(s) growing from them, genital warts, or warts on the face or mucous membranes.d h j

Do not apply on irritated, reddened, or infected skin.d

Cleanse and dry the affected area prior to topical application; may soak affected area(s) in warm water for 5 minutes.d

Trim plaster to fit completely over the wart and apply.d j

Prior to application of plaster in a karaya gum and polyethylene glycol vehicle (Trans-Ver-Sal), gently smooth wart with emery board, and carefully apply a drop of warm water to wart, using a cotton-tipped applicator. Trim plaster to completely fit over wart; if necessary, secure plaster in place with medical tape.j Ensure that the plaster does not touch unaffected surrounding skin.j

Apply a small amount of solution or gel (e.g., one drop at a time) with an applicator to sufficiently cover wart(s); allow to dry.d h

Dosage Pediatric Patients Acne Topical

Self-medication: Apply appropriate 0.5–2% salicylic acid preparation 1–3 times daily.c Initially, apply once daily, then gradually increase to 2 or 3 times daily, if necessary.c If dryness or peeling occurs, reduce application to once daily or every other day.c

Seborrheic Dermatitis and Psoriasis Scalp Topical

Self-medication for children >2 years of age: Apply 3% salicylic acid solution to affected area(s) of the scalp 1–4 times daily or as directed by a clinician.f s

Apply 2–3% salicylic acid shampoo to wet hair and massage into scalp.m Leave lather on scalp for 2 minutes, then rinse thoroughly; repeat if necessary.m Use at least twice weekly or as directed by a clinician.f m

Apply combination (salicylic acid and coal tar) shampoo to scalp evenly before bathing.u Allow to remain on scalp for 5 minutes; add water and lather, and then rinse thoroughly.u Gradually increase treatment times to 1 hour, or as directed by a clinician.u Alternatively, apply to wet hair and lather; allow to remain on scalp for up to 10 minutes, then rinse.u Use daily until itching and flaking improve, then reduce to twice weekly or as directed by a clinician.u

Body (Excluding Scalp) Topical

Self-medication for children >2 years of age: Apply appropriate 1.8–3% salicylic acid preparation (e.g., cream, ointment, lotion, gel) to affected area(s) 1–4 times daily or as directed by a clinician.f q r

Apply 2–3% salicylic acid shampoo to affected area(s) of the body in place of soap.m Leave lather on for 2 minutes, then rinse thoroughly; repeat if necessary.m Use at least twice weekly or as directed by a clinician.f m

Children ?2 years old: Apply 6% salicylic acid gel, cream, or lotion to affected area(s) once daily at bedtime and occlude.l o p When improvement occurs, apply occasionally to maintain remission.l o p In areas where occlusion is difficult or impossible, apply more frequently.l o p

Hyperkeratosis Corn and/or Callus Removal Topical

Children ?2 years of age: Apply 6% salicylic acid gel, cream, or lotion to affected area(s) once daily at bedtime and occlude.l o p In areas where occlusion is difficult or impossible, apply more frequently.o

Self-medication for children >12 years of age: Apply 3% salicylic acid gel to calloused skin once daily or as directed by a clinician.t

Wart Removal Topical

Children ?2 years of age: Apply 15% salicylic acid plaster in a karaya gum and polyethylene glycol vehicle once daily at bedtime; leave in place for ?8 hours, then remove and discard.d j Repeat every 24 hours as needed until wart is completely removed or for up to 12 weeks.d j

Tinea Versicolor Topical

Children >12 years of age: Apply combination lotion (salicylic acid 1% and sodium thiosulfate 25%) in a thin film to all affected area(s) twice daily or as directed by a clinician.v

Adults Acne Topical

Self-medication: Apply appropriate 0.5–2% salicylic acid preparation 1–3 times daily.c Initially, apply once daily, then gradually increase to 2 or 3 times daily, if necessary.c If dryness or peeling occurs, reduce application to once daily or every other day.c

Seborrheic Dermatitis and Psoriasis Scalp Topical

Self-medication: Apply 3% salicylic acid solution to affected area(s) of the scalp 1–4 times daily or as directed by a clinician.f s

Self-medication: Apply 2–3% salicylic acid shampoo to wet hair and massage into scalp.f m Leave lather on for several minutes, then rinse thoroughly; repeat if necessary.f m Use at least twice weekly or as directed by a clinician.f m

Apply combination (salicylic acid and coal tar) shampoo to scalp evenly before bathing.u Allow to remain on scalp for 5 minutes and then rinse thoroughly.u Gradually increase treatment times to 1 hour, or as directed by a clinician.u Alternatively, apply to wet hair; allow to remain on scalp for up to 10 minutes, then rinse.u Use daily until itching and flaking improve, then reduce to twice weekly or as directed by a clinician.u

Body (Excluding Scalp) Topical

Self-medication: Apply appropriate 1.8–3% salicylic acid preparation (e.g., cream, ointment, lotion, gel) to affected area(s) 1–4 times daily or as directed by a clinician.f q r

Self-medication: Apply 2–3% salicylic acid shampoo to affected area(s) of the body in place of soap.m Leave lather on for 2 minutes, then rinse thoroughly; repeat if necessary.m Use at least twice weekly or as directed by a clinician.f m

Apply 6% salicylic acid gel, cream, or lotion to affected area(s) once daily at bedtime and occlude.l o p When improvement occurs, apply occasionally to maintain remission.l o p In areas where occlusion is difficult or impossible, apply more frequently.l o p

Hyperkeratosis Corn and/or Callus Removal Topical

Self-medication: Apply 12–40% salicylic acid plaster to corn or callus and cover with cushion provided by manufacturer.e i After 48 hours, remove cushion and plaster.e i May cover with cushion provided by manufacturer.i Repeat every 48 hours as needed until corn or callus is removed, for up to 14 days.e i

Self-medication: Apply 12–17.6% salicylic acid solution or gel in flexible collodion (e.g., 1 drop at a time) to sufficiently cover corn or callus.e n Repeat once or twice daily as needed for up to 14 days.e n

Self-medication: Apply 3% salicylic acid gel to calloused skin once daily or as directed by a clinician. t

Apply 6% salicylic acid gel, cream, or lotion to the affected area(s) at bedtime and occlude.l o p In areas where occlusion is difficult or impossible, apply more frequently.p o

Wart Removal Topical

Self-medication: Apply 12–40% salicylic acid plaster to wart.d After 48 hours, remove and repeat as needed until wart is completely removed or for up to 12 weeks.d

Self-medication: Apply 5–17% salicylic acid solution or gel in flexible collodion (e.g., 1 drop at a time) to sufficiently cover wart(s).d h Repeat once or twice daily for up to 12 weeks.d h

Apply 15% salicylic acid plaster in a karaya gum and polyethylene glycol vehicle to wart(s) once daily at bedtime; leave in place for ?8 hours, then remove and discard.d j Repeat every 24 hours as needed until wart is completely removed for up to 12 weeks.d j

Tinea Versicolor Topical

Self-medication: Apply combination lotion (salicylic acid 1% and sodium thiosulfate 25%) in a thin film to affected areas twice daily or as directed by a clinician.g

Prescribing Limits Pediatric Patients Acne Topical

Self-medication: Apply a maximum 3 times daily.c

Seborrheic Dermatitis and Psoriasis Scalp Topical

Self-medication for children >2 years of age: Apply 3% salicylic acid solution a maximum 4 times daily or as directed by a clinician.f s

Body (Excluding Scalp) Topical

Self-medication for children >2 years of age: Apply appropriate 1.8–3% salicylic acid preparation (e.g., cream, lotion, ointment, gel) a maximum 4 times daily or as directed by a clinician.f

Adults Acne Topical

Self-medication: Apply a maximum 3 times daily.c

Seborrheic Dermatitis and Psoriasis Scalp Topical

Self-medication: Apply 3% salicylic acid solution for a maximum 4 times daily or as directed by a clinician.f s

Body (Excluding Scalp) Topical

Self-medication: Apply appropriate 1.8–3% salicylic acid preparation (e.g., cream, lotion, ointment, gel) a maximum 4 times daily or as directed by a clinician.f

Hyperkeratosis Corn and/or Callus Removal Topical

Self-medication: Apply plaster or solution or gel in flexible collodion a maximum 14 days.e i n

Wart Removal Topical

Self-medication: Apply plaster or solution or gel in flexible collodion a maximum 12 weeks.d h j

Special Populations Hepatic Impairment

No specific dosage recommendations at this time; however, manufacturer recommends that treatment area should be limited.l o

Renal Impairment

No specific dosage recommendations at this time; however, manufacturer recommends that treatment area should be limited.l o

Cautions for Salicylic Acid Contraindications

Known sensitivity to salicylic acid or any other ingredient in the formulation.l o

6% salicylic acid cream, lotion, and gel: Children <2 years of age.l o

Warnings/Precautions Warnings Salicylate Toxicity

Risk of salicylate toxicity (e.g., nausea, vomiting, dizziness, loss of hearing, tinnitus, lethargy, hyperpnea, diarrhea, psychic disturbances) after prolonged or excessive topical use over large areas.l o p If salicylic acid toxicity occurs, immediately discontinue; administer fluids to promote urinary excretion, and administer sodium bicarbonate (oral or IV) if clinically necessary.l o

Avoid other salicylates (e.g., aspirin, salicylate athletic creams) to minimize exposure to salicylic acid.l o (See Interactions under Cautions.)

Use of Fixed Combinations

When used in fixed combination with urea, coal tar, and sodium thiosulfate, consider the cautions, precautions, and contraindications associated with these agents.g u

General Precautions Topical Effects

Possible excessive erythema or scaling if applied to open skin lesions.l o p

If excessive burning, irritation, stinging, or peeling occurs, discontinue use and consult a clinician.g o

Possible necrosis of normal skin with overuse.a

Concomitant Illnesses

Do not use salicylic acid wart, corn, and callus removal preparations in patients with diabetes or with poor blood circulation.d h n

Specific Populations Pregnancy

Category C.l o

Lactation

Discontinue nursing or the drug.l o If used by nursing women, avoid applying to the chest area.l

Pediatric Use

Salicylic acid 6% cream, lotion, and gel and 15% plaster not recommended in children <2 years of age.l j o (See Contraindications.)

Increased risk of salicylate toxicity with prolonged, excessive use in children <12 years of age.l o Limit treatment area and monitor for possible signs of salicylate toxicity.l o (See Salicylate Toxicity under Cautions.)

Use of salicylates in children with varicella infection or influenza-like illnesses reportedly is associated with an increased risk of developing Reye’s syndrome.b l o US Surgeon General, AAP Committee on Infectious Diseases, FDA, and other authorities advise that salicylates not be used in children and teenagers with varicella or influenza, unless directed by a clinician.b l o

Hepatic Impairment

Possible salicylate toxicity after prolonged topical use over large areas, especially in patients with substantial hepatic impairment.l o p Limit treatment area and monitor for possible signs of salicylate toxicity.l o (See Salicylate Toxicity under Cautions.)

Renal Impairment

Possible salicylate toxicity after prolonged topical use over large areas, especially in patients with substantial renal impairment.l o p Limit treatment area and monitor for possible signs of salicylate toxicity.l o (See Salicylate Toxicity under Cautions.)

Common Adverse Effects

Erythema,l o p scaling,l o p burning,g o stinging,g o peeling.c

Interactions for Salicylic Acid Topical Acne Preparations

Cumulative irritant or drying effect.c k If excessive dryness occurs, use only one topical medication unless directed by a clinician.c

Topical Salicylate Preparations

Increased risk of salicylate toxicity.l o

Protein-bound Drugs

Potential for salicylate to displace or to be displaced by other protein-bound drugs.b l o

Specific Drugs

Drug

Interaction

Comments

Acidifying agents

Drugs that decrease urine pH may decrease salicylate excretionl

Anticoagulants (warfarin, heparin)

Increased risk of bleedingb l o

May displace warfarin from protein-binding sites, leading to prolongation of PT and bleeding timeb l o

Antidiabetic agents (sulfonylureas)

Potential for increased hypoglycemic effectb l o

Aspirin

Increased risk of salicylate toxicityl

Avoid concomitant usel

Corticosteroids

Decreased plasma salicylate concentrationsb

Potential increased plasma salicylate concentrations and salicylate toxicity when corticosteroids are discontinuedb l o

Diuretics

Increased plasma salicylate concentrationsl o

Methotrexate

Possible increased methotrexate toxicity because of displacement from protein binding sitesb l o

Pyrazinamide

Possible prevention or reduction of hyperuricemia associated with pyrazinamideb l o

Sulfur

Possible synergistic keratolytic effecta

Uricosuric agents (probenecid, sulfinpyrazone)

Reduced uricosuric effect of uricosuric agentsb l o

Salicylic Acid Pharmacokinetics Absorption Bioavailability

Rapidly and well absorbed percutaneously following topical application.b l

Following topical application of salicylic acid 6% gel, >60% absorbed, with peak plasma concentration usually attained within 5 hours (under occlusion).l o

Onset

In vitro, plaster (Trans-Ver-Sal) released about 16, 48, 65, 79, 89, and 100% of the salicylic acid dose by 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 8, and 24 hours, respectively.a

Plasma Concentrations

Following topical application of salicylic acid 6% gel, peak serum salicylate concentrations were <50 mcg/mL; concentrations >300 mcg/mL generally associated with salicylate toxicity.l o

Distribution Extent

Distributed in extracellular space.l o

Plasma Protein Binding

50–80%.l o

Special Populations

Patients with a contracted extracellular space secondary to dehydration or diuretics may have increased plasma salicylate levels.l o

Elimination Elimination Route

Excreted principally in urine as salicyluric acid (52%), salicylate glucuronides (42%), and free salicylic acid (6%).l o

Stability Storage Topical Cream, Lotion

20–25°C.l Do not freeze.l

Store combination lotion (salicylic acid 1% and sodium thiosulfate 25%) at 15–30°C.g

Solution

Solution in flexible collodion: Tightly closed containers at 15–30°C.a Flammable; keep away from heat and open flame.a d e

Gel

Tightly closed containers at 15–30°C.a p

Gel in flexible collodion: Tightly closed containers at 15–30°C.a Flammable, keep away from heat and open flame.a d e

Shampoo

Salicylic acid 3%: Tightly closed containers; avoid excessive heat or cold.m

Plaster

Well-closed containers at 15–30°C.a

ActionsActions

Exact mechanism(s) of action not elucidated; appears to soften and destroy the stratum corneum by increasing endogenous hydration that causes the cornified epithelium (horny layer) of the skin to swell, soften, and desquamate.a j l o

In low concentrations, has keratoplastic activity (correction of abnormal keratinization); at concentrations ?1%, has keratolytic activity (causes peeling of skin); and at concentrations ?20%, has a caustic effect.a

Has weak antifungal and antibacterial activity.a

May promote the penetration of other active ingredients and have a comedolytic effect.a

Requires moisture to exert its action on the skin and for maceration and desquamation of epidermal tissue.a

Advice to Patients

Importance of keeping salicylic acid preparations out of reach of children.g m o

Importance of avoiding heat or flames during use of certain salicylic acid collodion formulations.n o

For external use only.o Importance of avoiding contact with eyes.k n q r

Importance of rinsing hands thoroughly after topical application, unless hands are being treated.l o p

Advise patients that salicylic acid topical preparations used concurrently with other topical medications may increase skin dryness or irritation.c

Importance of not using for prolonged periods of time for self-medication of dandruff, seborrheic dermatitis, or psoriasis; importance of consulting a clinician if the condition worsens or does not improve after regular use.f

Advise patients that, when salicylic acid preparations are used for wart removal, visible improvement generally occurs during the first several days of treatment and complete removal may require 3–12 weeks of use.j

Importance of women informing clinicians if they are or plan to become pregnant or plan to breast-feed.l o p

Importance of patients informing clinician of existing or contemplated concomitant therapy, including prescription and OTC drugs.l o

Importance of informing patients of other important precautionary information. (See Cautions.) o

Preparations

Excipients in commercially available drug preparations may have clinically important effects in some individuals; consult specific product labeling for details.

* available from one or more manufacturer, distributor, and/or repackager by generic (nonproprietary) name

Salicylic Acid

Routes

Dosage Forms

Strengths

Brand Names

Manufacturer

Bulk

Powder*

Topical

Cake

0.5%

Aveeno Clear Complexion Cleansing Bar

Johnson & Johnson

Oxy Bar Soap

Mentholatum

2%

Salicylic Acid Cleansing Bar

Stiefel

Cleansing Cream

2%

Clearasil Oil Control Cream Cleanser

Reckitt Benckiser

Clearasil StayClear Skin Perfecting Wash

Reckitt Benckiser

Cleansing Pledgets (saturated with solution)

0.5%

Oxy Daily Cleansing Pad (with alcohol 34%)

Mentholatum

Stridex Sensitive Skin Pads (with SD alcohol 28% and aloe)

Blistex

1%

Stridex Essential Care Pads

Blistex

2%

Clearasil StayClear Acne Fighting Cleansing Wipes

Reckitt Benckiser

Clearasil StayClear Daily Pore Cleansing Pads

Reckitt Benckiser

Clearasil Ultra Deep Pore Cleansing Pads (with propylene glycol and parabens)

Reckitt Benckiser

Noxzema Triple Clean Pads (with SD-alcohol 40)

Procter & Gamble

Oxy Blackhead Pads (with alcohol 46%)

Mentholatum

Oxy Daily Cleansing Pads (with alcohol 46%)

Mentholatum

Oxy Maximum Cleansing Pads (with alcohol 46%)

Mentholatum

Stridex Pads Maximum Strength (with SD alcohol 40 44%)

Blistex

Cleansing Solution

2%

Noxzema Triple Clean Blackhead Cleanser

Proctor & Gamble

Oxy Body Wash (with parabens and propylene glycol)

Mentholatum

Oxy Face Wash

Mentholatum

Cleansing Suspension

2%

Clearasil StayClear Daily Facial Scrub

Reckitt Benckiser

Oxy Maximum Face Scrub (with parabens and propylene glycol)

Mentholatum

Cream

6%

Salex (with parabens)

Coria

Gel

1%

Clearasil Blackhead Control

Reckitt Benckiser

2%

Neutrogena Rapid Clear Acne Eliminating (with propylene glycol)

Neutrogena

Stridex Clear Gel Maximum Strength (with SD alcohol 9.3%)

Blistex

3%

Dermarest Psoriasis Medicated Scalp Treatment (with SD alcohol 40, propylene glycol, and parabens)

Del

Dermarest Psoriasis Medicated Skin Treatment (with parabens and propylene glycol)

Del

Keralyt (with SD-40 alcohol 21% and propylene glycol)

Summers

6%

Hydrisalic (with SD alcohol 40B and propylene glycol)

Pedinol

Keralyt (with SD-40 alcohol 21% and propylene glycol)

Summers

17%

Sal-Plant Gel (with isopropyl alcohol 2.5% in flexible collodion)

Pedinol

17.6%

Compound W Gel (with alcohol 67.5% in flexible collodion)

Prestige

Lotion

2%

Dermarest Psoriasis Medication Moisturizer (with parabens)

Del

Sebasorb (with attapulgite activated, acetyl alcohol, and propylene glycol)

Summers

6%

Salex (with parabens)

Coria

Ointment

3%

MG 217 Sal-Acid

Triton

Plaster

15%

Trans-Ver-Sal (with karaya and propylene glycol)

Doak

40%

Compound W One Step Invisible Strips

Prestige

Compound W One Step Pads

Prestige

Curad Mediplast

Beiersdorf

Dr Scholl’s Callus Remover

Schering-Plough

Dr Scholl’s Clear Away Medicated Disk

Schering-Plough

Dr Scholl’s Clear Away One-Step Invisible Strips

Schering-Plough

Dr Scholl’s Clear Away Plantar for Feet

Schering-Plough

Sal-Acid

Pedinol

Shampoo

2%

Ionil Plus (with SD alcohol 40 12%)

Healthpoint

P&S (with methylparaben and propylparaben)

Aero

3%

Denorex Extra Strength Shampoo (with propylene glycol)

Prestige

DHS Sal Shampoo

Person & Covey

Neutrogena T/Sal Maximum Strength

Neutrogena

Psoriasin Therapeutic Shampoo & Body Wash

Alva-Amco Pharmacal

Solution

2%

Noxzema 2-in-1 Astringent (with SD-alcohol 40)

Procter & Gamble

Noxzema Continuous Clean Clarifying Toner

Procter & Gamble

3%

Dermarest Psoriasis Medicated Overnight Treatment

Del

16.7%

Gordofilm (in flexible collodion)

Gordon

17%

Dr Scholl’s Clear Away Fast Acting Liquid (with SD alcohol 32 17% and ether 52% in flexible collodion)

Schering-Plough

Dr Scholl’s Liquid Corn/Callus Remover (with alcohol SD 32 18% and ether 53% in flexible collodion)

Schering-Plough

DuoFilm (with alcohol SD 32 17% and ether 52% in flexible collodion)

Schering-Plough

Occlusal-HP (with isopropyl alcohol 63% in polyacrylic vehicle)

Bioglan

Salactic Film (with isopropyl alcohol 2.7% in flexible collodion)

Pedinol

Wart-Off (with alcohol 26.35% in flexible collodion)

Pfizer

17.6%

Compound W Liquid (with alcohol 21.2% and ether 63.6% in flexible collodion)

Prestige

Freezone (with alcohol 33% and ether 65.5% in flexible collodion)

Prestige

Salicylic Acid Combinations

Routes

Dosage Forms

Strengths

Brand Names

Manufacturer

Topical

Lotion

1% with Sodium Thiosulfate 25%

Versiclear (with propylene glycol)

Hope

Ointment

5% with Urea 10%

Kerasal Foot Ointment

Alterna

Shampoo

3% with Coal Tar Solution 10% (equivalent to 2% coal tar)

Tarsum

Summers

3% with Colloidal Sulfur 5%

Meted

DUSA

Comparative Pricin
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Capzasin Quick Relief


Generic Name: capsaicin topical (kap SAY sin TOP i kal)
Brand Names: Axsain, Capsicum Oleoresin, Capsin, Capzasin Back and Body, Capzasin Quick Relief, Capzasin-HP, Capzasin-P, Castiva Warming, Dolorac, Icy Hot PM, Icy Hot with Capsaicin, Menthac Arthritis Cream with Capsaicin, Qutenza, Salonpas Gel-Patch, Salonpas Pain Patch with Capsaicin, Sloan's Liniment, Trixaicin, Trixaicin HP, Zostrix, Zostrix Diabetic Foot Pain, Zostrix Foot Pain, Zostrix Neuropathy, Zostrix Sports, Zostrix-HP

What is Capzasin Quick Relief (capsaicin topical)?

Capsaicin is the active ingredient in chili peppers that makes them hot. Capsaicin is used in medicated creams and lotions to relieve muscle or joint pain.

Capsaicin used on the body causes a sensation of heat that activates certain nerve cells. With regular use of capsaicin, this heating effect reduces the amount of substance P, a chemical that acts as a pain messenger in the body.

Capsaicin topical is used for temporary relief of muscle or joint pain caused by strains, sprains, arthritis, bruising, or backaches. Capsaicin topical is also used to treat nerve pain (neuralgia) in people who have had herpes zoster, or "shingles."

Capsaicin topical may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

What is the most important information I should know about Capzasin Quick Relief (capsaicin topical)? Do not use this medication if you are allergic to chili peppers, or if you have ever had an allergic reaction to capsaicin topical.

Ask a doctor or pharmacist about using capsaicin topical if you have any allergies or serious medical conditions. Do not use this medication on anyone younger than 18 years old without the advice of a doctor.

Capsaicin can cause a burning sensation, which is usually mild and should lessen over time with continued use. If the burning sensation causes significant discomfort, wash the treated skin area with soap and cool water. Stop using the medication and call your doctor if you have severe burning or redness where the medicine was applied.

Avoid getting capsaicin topical in your mouth or eyes or near your nose.

Do not apply to open wounds or irritated skin, and avoid getting the medicine on contact lenses, dentures, and other items that come into contact with sensitive areas of your body.

Seek emergency medical attention if you think you have used too much of this medicine, or if anyone has accidentally swallowed it. Accidental swallowing of capsaicin can cause problems with swallowing or breathing.

It may take up to 2 weeks of using this medicine regularly before your symptoms improve. For best results, keep using the medication as directed.

Call your doctor if your pain does not improve after using this medication for 7 days, or if your symptoms get worse or get better and then come back in a few days. What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before using Capzasin Quick Relief (capsaicin topical)? Do not use this medication if you are allergic to chili peppers, or if you have ever had an allergic reaction to capsaicin topical.

Ask a doctor or pharmacist about using capsaicin topical if you have any allergies (especially to plants), or if you have a serious medical condition.

It is not known whether capsaicin topical will harm an unborn baby. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant while using this medication. It is not known whether capsaicin topical passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. Do not apply capsaicin topical to your breast area if you are breast-feeding a baby. Do not use this medication on anyone younger than 18 years old without the advice of a doctor. How should I use Capzasin Quick Relief (capsaicin topical)?

Use this medication exactly as directed on the label, or as prescribed by your doctor. Do not use it in larger amounts or for longer than recommended.

Capsaicin can cause a burning sensation wherever it is applied. This sensation is usually mild and should gradually lessen over time with continued regular use of the medicine.

Do not apply capsaicin topical to open wounds, or to skin that is sunburned, windburned, dry, chapped, or otherwise irritated. Do not get this medication in your mouth or eyes, or near your nose where you might inhale it. If it does get into any of these areas, rinse thoroughly with water.

Also avoid getting this medication on contact lenses, dentures, and other items that come into contact with sensitive areas of your body.

To keep the medication from getting on your fingers when you apply it, you may use a rubber glove, finger cot, cotton ball, or clean tissue to apply the medicine.

Make sure your skin is clean and dry before you apply capsaicin topical.

When using capsaicin topical cream or lotion, apply a thin layer to the affected area and rub in gently until completely absorbed.

To use capsaicin topical liquid or stick, uncap the applicator and press it firmly on your skin to apply the medication. Massage gently onto the affected are until completely absorbed.

Capsaicin topical may be used up to 4 times daily or as directed on the medicine label.

To apply a capsaicin topical patch, remove the liner and apply the patch to your skin over the area of pain. Press the edges firmly into place. Remove the patch and apply a new patch 1 or 2 times daily if needed.

Wash your hands with soap and water immediately after applying capsaicin topical or handling the topical patch. If you have applied the medicine to your hands or fingers to treat pain in those areas, wait at least 30 minutes before washing your hands. Do not cover treated skin with a bandage or heating pad, which can increase the burning sensation. You may cover the skin with clothing.

Avoid taking a bath or shower within 1 hour before or after you apply capsaicin topical to your skin. Also avoid swimming or vigorous exercise. Warm water or perspiration can increase the burning sensation caused by capsaicin.

If the burning sensation caused by capsaicin is painful or causes significant discomfort, wash the treated skin area with soap and cool water.

It may take up to 2 weeks of using this medicine regularly before your symptoms improve. For best results, keep using the medication as directed. Pain relief should occur gradually as the substance P in your body is decreased in the nerve cells.

Call your doctor if your pain does not improve after using this medication for 7 days, or if your symptoms get worse or get better and then come back in a few days. Store capsaicin topical at room temperature away from moisture and heat, in a place where children and pets cannot get to it.

Capsaicin topical liquid is flammable. Do not use or store near fire or open flame.

What happens if I miss a dose?

Use the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose, wait until then to use the medicine and skip the missed dose. Do not apply capsaicin more than 4 times in one day, or use extra medicine to make up a missed dose .

A missed dose of capsaicin topical will not cause harm but may make the medication less effective reducing substance P and relieving your pain.

What happens if I overdose? Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222, especially if anyone has accidentally swallowed it.

Accidental swallowing of capsaicin can cause severe burning in or around the mouth, watery eyes, runny nose, and trouble swallowing or breathing.

Applying too much capsaicin topical to the skin can cause severe burning or redness.

What should I avoid while using Capzasin Quick Relief (capsaicin topical)?

Avoid inhaling the odor or dried residue of capsaicin topical. Inhaling capsaicin can cause coughing, sneezing, or watery eyes, and can irritate your throat or lungs.

Avoid touching your eyes, mouth, nose, genitals, or rectum until the medication has been washed off your hands. Also avoid handling food while the medication is still on your hands.

Avoid exposing treated skin to sunlight, sunlamps, tanning beds, or a hot tub. Capsaicin can cause a burning sensation that may be made worse by heat.

Do not use other medicated skin products, including muscle pain creams or lotions, on areas where you have applied capsaicin, unless your doctor has told you to.

Capzasin Quick Relief (capsaicin topical) side effects Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat. Stop using capsaicin topical and call your doctor at once if you have a serious side effect such as:

severe burning or irritation where the medicine was applied;

skin redness where the medicine was applied; or

trouble breathing or swallowing (after accidental inhalation of capsaicin odor or dried residue).

Less serious side effects may include a mild burning sensation that can last for several hours or days, especially after your first use of capsaicin topical.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What other drugs will affect Capzasin Quick Relief (capsaicin topical)?

It is not likely that other drugs you take orally or inject will have an effect on topically applied capsaicin. But many drugs can interact with each other. Tell your doctor about all medications you use. This includes prescription, over-the-counter, vitamin, and herbal products. Do not start a new medication without telling your doctor.

More Capzasin Quick Relief resources Capzasin Quick Relief Side Effects (in more detail) Capzasin Quick Relief Use in Pregnancy & Breastfeeding Capzasin Quick Relief Drug Interactions 0 Reviews for Capzasin Quick Relief - Add your own review/rating Axsain Cream MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer) Axsain Topical Advanced Consumer (Micromedex) - Includes Dosage Information Capzasin-P Cream MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer) Qutenza Prescribing Information (FDA) Qutenza Consumer Overview Qutenza Patch MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer) Compare Capzasin Quick Relief with other medications Burning Mouth Syndrome Diabetic Nerve Damage Osteoarthritis Pain Persisting Pain, Shingles Where can I get more information? Your pharmacist can provide more information about capsaicin topical.

See also: Capzasin Quick Relief side effects (in more detail)


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Salonpas Gel-Patch


Generic Name: capsaicin topical (kap SAY sin TOP i kal)
Brand Names: Axsain, Capsicum Oleoresin, Capsin, Capzasin Back and Body, Capzasin Quick Relief, Capzasin-HP, Capzasin-P, Castiva Warming, Dolorac, Icy Hot PM, Icy Hot with Capsaicin, Menthac Arthritis Cream with Capsaicin, Qutenza, Salonpas Gel-Patch, Salonpas Pain Patch with Capsaicin, Sloan's Liniment, Trixaicin, Trixaicin HP, Zostrix, Zostrix Diabetic Foot Pain, Zostrix Foot Pain, Zostrix Neuropathy, Zostrix Sports, Zostrix-HP

What is Salonpas Gel-Patch (capsaicin topical)?

Capsaicin is the active ingredient in chili peppers that makes them hot. Capsaicin is used in medicated creams and lotions to relieve muscle or joint pain.

Capsaicin used on the body causes a sensation of heat that activates certain nerve cells. With regular use of capsaicin, this heating effect reduces the amount of substance P, a chemical that acts as a pain messenger in the body.

Capsaicin topical is used for temporary relief of muscle or joint pain caused by strains, sprains, arthritis, bruising, or backaches. Capsaicin topical is also used to treat nerve pain (neuralgia) in people who have had herpes zoster, or "shingles."

Capsaicin topical may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

What is the most important information I should know about Salonpas Gel-Patch (capsaicin topical)? Do not use this medication if you are allergic to chili peppers, or if you have ever had an allergic reaction to capsaicin topical.

Ask a doctor or pharmacist about using capsaicin topical if you have any allergies or serious medical conditions. Do not use this medication on anyone younger than 18 years old without the advice of a doctor.

Capsaicin can cause a burning sensation, which is usually mild and should lessen over time with continued use. If the burning sensation causes significant discomfort, wash the treated skin area with soap and cool water. Stop using the medication and call your doctor if you have severe burning or redness where the medicine was applied.

Avoid getting capsaicin topical in your mouth or eyes or near your nose.

Do not apply to open wounds or irritated skin, and avoid getting the medicine on contact lenses, dentures, and other items that come into contact with sensitive areas of your body.

Seek emergency medical attention if you think you have used too much of this medicine, or if anyone has accidentally swallowed it. Accidental swallowing of capsaicin can cause problems with swallowing or breathing.

It may take up to 2 weeks of using this medicine regularly before your symptoms improve. For best results, keep using the medication as directed.

Call your doctor if your pain does not improve after using this medication for 7 days, or if your symptoms get worse or get better and then come back in a few days. What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before using Salonpas Gel-Patch (capsaicin topical)? Do not use this medication if you are allergic to chili peppers, or if you have ever had an allergic reaction to capsaicin topical.

Ask a doctor or pharmacist about using capsaicin topical if you have any allergies (especially to plants), or if you have a serious medical condition.

It is not known whether capsaicin topical will harm an unborn baby. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant while using this medication. It is not known whether capsaicin topical passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. Do not apply capsaicin topical to your breast area if you are breast-feeding a baby. Do not use this medication on anyone younger than 18 years old without the advice of a doctor. How should I use Salonpas Gel-Patch (capsaicin topical)?

Use this medication exactly as directed on the label, or as prescribed by your doctor. Do not use it in larger amounts or for longer than recommended.

Capsaicin can cause a burning sensation wherever it is applied. This sensation is usually mild and should gradually lessen over time with continued regular use of the medicine.

Do not apply capsaicin topical to open wounds, or to skin that is sunburned, windburned, dry, chapped, or otherwise irritated. Do not get this medication in your mouth or eyes, or near your nose where you might inhale it. If it does get into any of these areas, rinse thoroughly with water.

Also avoid getting this medication on contact lenses, dentures, and other items that come into contact with sensitive areas of your body.

To keep the medication from getting on your fingers when you apply it, you may use a rubber glove, finger cot, cotton ball, or clean tissue to apply the medicine.

Make sure your skin is clean and dry before you apply capsaicin topical.

When using capsaicin topical cream or lotion, apply a thin layer to the affected area and rub in gently until completely absorbed.

To use capsaicin topical liquid or stick, uncap the applicator and press it firmly on your skin to apply the medication. Massage gently onto the affected are until completely absorbed.

Capsaicin topical may be used up to 4 times daily or as directed on the medicine label.

To apply a capsaicin topical patch, remove the liner and apply the patch to your skin over the area of pain. Press the edges firmly into place. Remove the patch and apply a new patch 1 or 2 times daily if needed.

Wash your hands with soap and water immediately after applying capsaicin topical or handling the topical patch. If you have applied the medicine to your hands or fingers to treat pain in those areas, wait at least 30 minutes before washing your hands. Do not cover treated skin with a bandage or heating pad, which can increase the burning sensation. You may cover the skin with clothing.

Avoid taking a bath or shower within 1 hour before or after you apply capsaicin topical to your skin. Also avoid swimming or vigorous exercise. Warm water or perspiration can increase the burning sensation caused by capsaicin.

If the burning sensation caused by capsaicin is painful or causes significant discomfort, wash the treated skin area with soap and cool water.

It may take up to 2 weeks of using this medicine regularly before your symptoms improve. For best results, keep using the medication as directed. Pain relief should occur gradually as the substance P in your body is decreased in the nerve cells.

Call your doctor if your pain does not improve after using this medication for 7 days, or if your symptoms get worse or get better and then come back in a few days. Store capsaicin topical at room temperature away from moisture and heat, in a place where children and pets cannot get to it.

Capsaicin topical liquid is flammable. Do not use or store near fire or open flame.

What happens if I miss a dose?

Use the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose, wait until then to use the medicine and skip the missed dose. Do not apply capsaicin more than 4 times in one day, or use extra medicine to make up a missed dose .

A missed dose of capsaicin topical will not cause harm but may make the medication less effective reducing substance P and relieving your pain.

What happens if I overdose? Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222, especially if anyone has accidentally swallowed it.

Accidental swallowing of capsaicin can cause severe burning in or around the mouth, watery eyes, runny nose, and trouble swallowing or breathing.

Applying too much capsaicin topical to the skin can cause severe burning or redness.

What should I avoid while using Salonpas Gel-Patch (capsaicin topical)?

Avoid inhaling the odor or dried residue of capsaicin topical. Inhaling capsaicin can cause coughing, sneezing, or watery eyes, and can irritate your throat or lungs.

Avoid touching your eyes, mouth, nose, genitals, or rectum until the medication has been washed off your hands. Also avoid handling food while the medication is still on your hands.

Avoid exposing treated skin to sunlight, sunlamps, tanning beds, or a hot tub. Capsaicin can cause a burning sensation that may be made worse by heat.

Do not use other medicated skin products, including muscle pain creams or lotions, on areas where you have applied capsaicin, unless your doctor has told you to.

Salonpas Gel-Patch (capsaicin topical) side effects Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat. Stop using capsaicin topical and call your doctor at once if you have a serious side effect such as:

severe burning or irritation where the medicine was applied;

skin redness where the medicine was applied; or

trouble breathing or swallowing (after accidental inhalation of capsaicin odor or dried residue).

Less serious side effects may include a mild burning sensation that can last for several hours or days, especially after your first use of capsaicin topical.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What other drugs will affect Salonpas Gel-Patch (capsaicin topical)?

It is not likely that other drugs you take orally or inject will have an effect on topically applied capsaicin. But many drugs can interact with each other. Tell your doctor about all medications you use. This includes prescription, over-the-counter, vitamin, and herbal products. Do not start a new medication without telling your doctor.

More Salonpas Gel-Patch resources Salonpas Gel-Patch Side Effects (in more detail) Salonpas Gel-Patch Use in Pregnancy & Breastfeeding Salonpas Gel-Patch Drug Interactions Salonpas Gel-Patch Support Group 0 Reviews for Salonpas-Patch - Add your own review/rating Axsain Cream MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer) Axsain Topical Advanced Consumer (Micromedex) - Includes Dosage Information Capzasin-P Cream MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer) Qutenza Prescribing Information (FDA) Qutenza Consumer Overview Qutenza Patch MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer) Compare Salonpas Gel-Patch with other medications Diabetic Nerve Damage Osteoarthritis Pain Persisting Pain, Shingles Where can I get more information? Your pharmacist can provide more information about capsaicin topical.

See also: Salonpas-Patch side effects (in more detail)


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Capsicum Oleoresin


Generic Name: capsaicin topical (kap SAY sin TOP i kal)
Brand Names: Axsain, Capsicum Oleoresin, Capsin, Capzasin Back and Body, Capzasin Quick Relief, Capzasin-HP, Capzasin-P, Castiva Warming, Dolorac, Icy Hot PM, Icy Hot with Capsaicin, Menthac Arthritis Cream with Capsaicin, Qutenza, Salonpas Gel-Patch, Salonpas Pain Patch with Capsaicin, Sloan's Liniment, Trixaicin, Trixaicin HP, Zostrix, Zostrix Diabetic Foot Pain, Zostrix Foot Pain, Zostrix Neuropathy, Zostrix Sports, Zostrix-HP

What is Capsicum Oleoresin (capsaicin topical)?

Capsaicin is the active ingredient in chili peppers that makes them hot. Capsaicin is used in medicated creams and lotions to relieve muscle or joint pain.

Capsaicin used on the body causes a sensation of heat that activates certain nerve cells. With regular use of capsaicin, this heating effect reduces the amount of substance P, a chemical that acts as a pain messenger in the body.

Capsaicin topical is used for temporary relief of muscle or joint pain caused by strains, sprains, arthritis, bruising, or backaches. Capsaicin topical is also used to treat nerve pain (neuralgia) in people who have had herpes zoster, or "shingles."

Capsaicin topical may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

What is the most important information I should know about Capsicum Oleoresin (capsaicin topical)? Do not use this medication if you are allergic to chili peppers, or if you have ever had an allergic reaction to capsaicin topical.

Ask a doctor or pharmacist about using capsaicin topical if you have any allergies or serious medical conditions. Do not use this medication on anyone younger than 18 years old without the advice of a doctor.

Capsaicin can cause a burning sensation, which is usually mild and should lessen over time with continued use. If the burning sensation causes significant discomfort, wash the treated skin area with soap and cool water. Stop using the medication and call your doctor if you have severe burning or redness where the medicine was applied.

Avoid getting capsaicin topical in your mouth or eyes or near your nose.

Do not apply to open wounds or irritated skin, and avoid getting the medicine on contact lenses, dentures, and other items that come into contact with sensitive areas of your body.

Seek emergency medical attention if you think you have used too much of this medicine, or if anyone has accidentally swallowed it. Accidental swallowing of capsaicin can cause problems with swallowing or breathing.

It may take up to 2 weeks of using this medicine regularly before your symptoms improve. For best results, keep using the medication as directed.

Call your doctor if your pain does not improve after using this medication for 7 days, or if your symptoms get worse or get better and then come back in a few days. What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before using Capsicum Oleoresin (capsaicin topical)? Do not use this medication if you are allergic to chili peppers, or if you have ever had an allergic reaction to capsaicin topical.

Ask a doctor or pharmacist about using capsaicin topical if you have any allergies (especially to plants), or if you have a serious medical condition.

It is not known whether capsaicin topical will harm an unborn baby. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant while using this medication. It is not known whether capsaicin topical passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. Do not apply capsaicin topical to your breast area if you are breast-feeding a baby. Do not use this medication on anyone younger than 18 years old without the advice of a doctor. How should I use Capsicum Oleoresin (capsaicin topical)?

Use this medication exactly as directed on the label, or as prescribed by your doctor. Do not use it in larger amounts or for longer than recommended.

Capsaicin can cause a burning sensation wherever it is applied. This sensation is usually mild and should gradually lessen over time with continued regular use of the medicine.

Do not apply capsaicin topical to open wounds, or to skin that is sunburned, windburned, dry, chapped, or otherwise irritated. Do not get this medication in your mouth or eyes, or near your nose where you might inhale it. If it does get into any of these areas, rinse thoroughly with water.

Also avoid getting this medication on contact lenses, dentures, and other items that come into contact with sensitive areas of your body.

To keep the medication from getting on your fingers when you apply it, you may use a rubber glove, finger cot, cotton ball, or clean tissue to apply the medicine.

Make sure your skin is clean and dry before you apply capsaicin topical.

When using capsaicin topical cream or lotion, apply a thin layer to the affected area and rub in gently until completely absorbed.

To use capsaicin topical liquid or stick, uncap the applicator and press it firmly on your skin to apply the medication. Massage gently onto the affected are until completely absorbed.

Capsaicin topical may be used up to 4 times daily or as directed on the medicine label.

To apply a capsaicin topical patch, remove the liner and apply the patch to your skin over the area of pain. Press the edges firmly into place. Remove the patch and apply a new patch 1 or 2 times daily if needed.

Wash your hands with soap and water immediately after applying capsaicin topical or handling the topical patch. If you have applied the medicine to your hands or fingers to treat pain in those areas, wait at least 30 minutes before washing your hands. Do not cover treated skin with a bandage or heating pad, which can increase the burning sensation. You may cover the skin with clothing.

Avoid taking a bath or shower within 1 hour before or after you apply capsaicin topical to your skin. Also avoid swimming or vigorous exercise. Warm water or perspiration can increase the burning sensation caused by capsaicin.

If the burning sensation caused by capsaicin is painful or causes significant discomfort, wash the treated skin area with soap and cool water.

It may take up to 2 weeks of using this medicine regularly before your symptoms improve. For best results, keep using the medication as directed. Pain relief should occur gradually as the substance P in your body is decreased in the nerve cells.

Call your doctor if your pain does not improve after using this medication for 7 days, or if your symptoms get worse or get better and then come back in a few days. Store capsaicin topical at room temperature away from moisture and heat, in a place where children and pets cannot get to it.

Capsaicin topical liquid is flammable. Do not use or store near fire or open flame.

What happens if I miss a dose?

Use the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose, wait until then to use the medicine and skip the missed dose. Do not apply capsaicin more than 4 times in one day, or use extra medicine to make up a missed dose .

A missed dose of capsaicin topical will not cause harm but may make the medication less effective reducing substance P and relieving your pain.

What happens if I overdose? Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222, especially if anyone has accidentally swallowed it.

Accidental swallowing of capsaicin can cause severe burning in or around the mouth, watery eyes, runny nose, and trouble swallowing or breathing.

Applying too much capsaicin topical to the skin can cause severe burning or redness.

What should I avoid while using Capsicum Oleoresin (capsaicin topical)?

Avoid inhaling the odor or dried residue of capsaicin topical. Inhaling capsaicin can cause coughing, sneezing, or watery eyes, and can irritate your throat or lungs.

Avoid touching your eyes, mouth, nose, genitals, or rectum until the medication has been washed off your hands. Also avoid handling food while the medication is still on your hands.

Avoid exposing treated skin to sunlight, sunlamps, tanning beds, or a hot tub. Capsaicin can cause a burning sensation that may be made worse by heat.

Do not use other medicated skin products, including muscle pain creams or lotions, on areas where you have applied capsaicin, unless your doctor has told you to.

Capsicum Oleoresin (capsaicin topical) side effects Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat. Stop using capsaicin topical and call your doctor at once if you have a serious side effect such as:

severe burning or irritation where the medicine was applied;

skin redness where the medicine was applied; or

trouble breathing or swallowing (after accidental inhalation of capsaicin odor or dried residue).

Less serious side effects may include a mild burning sensation that can last for several hours or days, especially after your first use of capsaicin topical.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What other drugs will affect Capsicum Oleoresin (capsaicin topical)?

It is not likely that other drugs you take orally or inject will have an effect on topically applied capsaicin. But many drugs can interact with each other. Tell your doctor about all medications you use. This includes prescription, over-the-counter, vitamin, and herbal products. Do not start a new medication without telling your doctor.

More Capsicum Oleoresin resources Capsicum Oleoresin Side Effects (in more detail) Capsicum Oleoresin Use in Pregnancy & Breastfeeding Capsicum Oleoresin Drug Interactions Capsicum Oleoresin Support Group 0 Reviews for Capsicum Oleoresin - Add your own review/rating Axsain Cream MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer) Axsain Topical Advanced Consumer (Micromedex) - Includes Dosage Information Capzasin-P Cream MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer) Qutenza Prescribing Information (FDA) Qutenza Consumer Overview Qutenza Patch MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer) Compare Capsicum Oleoresin with other medications Diabetic Nerve Damage Osteoarthritis Pain Persisting Pain, Shingles Where can I get more information? Your pharmacist can provide more information about capsaicin topical.

See also: Capsicum Oleoresin side effects (in more detail)


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Capzasin Liquid


Pronunciation: kap-SAY-sin
Generic Name: Capsaicin
Brand Name: Capzasin
Capzasin Liquid is used for:

Treating minor pain from arthritis, backache, and muscle sprains or strains. It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.

Capzasin Liquid is a topical analgesic. Exactly how it works is not known. It is thought to decrease the amount of a certain substance (substance P) that transmits pain in the body.

Do NOT use Capzasin Liquid if: you are allergic to any ingredient in Capzasin Liquid

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

Before using Capzasin Liquid:

Some medical conditions may interact with Capzasin Liquid. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances if you have an open wound or damaged, broken, or irritated skin

Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with Capzasin Liquid. Because little, if any, of Capzasin Liquid is absorbed into the blood, the risk of it interacting with another medicine is low.

Ask your health care provider if Capzasin Liquid may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

How to use Capzasin Liquid:

Use Capzasin Liquid as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

Wash your hands before applying Capzasin Liquid. Wear latex gloves to apply Capzasin Liquid, or wash your hands with soap and water immediately after applying it. If soap and water do not remove the medicine from your hands, use dishwashing liquid or cooking oil at room temperature. Apply a thin layer of medicine to cover the affected area. Gently massage the medicine into the skin until it disappears. If you are using Capzasin Liquid on your hands, allow 30 minutes for the medicine to absorb before washing. Avoid touching irritated skin, contact lenses, or your eyes, nose, mouth, or genital area. Wash your hands with soap and water after 30 minutes. Do not use Capzasin Liquid more often than 3 or 4 times daily. Do not apply to wounds or damaged, broken, or irritated skin. Do not bandage or wrap the affected area. Do not use Capzasin Liquid with a heating pad. If you miss a dose of Capzasin Liquid, use it as soon as you remember. Continue to use it as directed by your doctor or on the package label.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Capzasin Liquid.

Important safety information: Capzasin Liquid is for external use only. Avoid contact with the eyes, nose, lips, mouth, or genital area. If Capzasin Liquid gets into any of these areas, rinse immediately with cool water. If you wear contact lenses, avoid touching them after you apply Capzasin Liquid. Do NOT use more than the recommended dose or use for longer than prescribed without checking with your doctor. Do not use Capzasin Liquid over large areas of the body without checking with your doctor. If your symptoms do not get better within 7 days or if they get worse, or if they recur after a few days, check with your doctor. Capzasin Liquid is flammable. Do not store near fire or an open flame. Avoid fire, open flame, or smoking during and immediately after use. Do not expose the medicine on your skin to direct sources of heat or sunlight. Avoid sunbathing, hot baths, or other sources of heat to the body. Heat or sunlight may increase the likelihood of burning or itching. Do not inhale any residue from Capzasin Liquid after it has dried. Coughing, sneezing, or throat or breathing irritation may occur. You may have mild burning or itching at the application site up to 48 hours after you use Capzasin Liquid. This should lessen as you use Capzasin Liquid. Tell your doctor if you experience severe burning or itching, redness, or irritation. If severe burning or itching occurs, wash the area with soap and water. If this does not work, use dishwashing liquid or cooking oil at room temperature. Capzasin Liquid may cause harm if it is swallowed. If you may have taken it by mouth, contact your poison control center or emergency room right away. Check with your doctor before using Capzasin Liquid in CHILDREN younger than 18 years of age; safety and effectiveness in this age group have not been confirmed. PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you become pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using Capzasin Liquid while you are pregnant. It is not known if Capzasin Liquid is found in breast milk after topical use. If you are or will be breast-feeding while you use Capzasin Liquid, check with your doctor. Discuss any possible risks to your baby. Possible side effects of Capzasin Liquid:

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:

Temporary, mild burning or stinging at the application site.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); irritation, redness, blistering, or severe or persistent burning at the application site.

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.

See also: Capzasin side effects (in more detail)

If OVERDOSE is suspected:

Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately. Capzasin Liquid may be harmful if swallowed.

Proper storage of Capzasin Liquid:

Store Capzasin Liquid at room temperature, between 59 and 86 degrees F (15 and 30 degrees C). Close cap tightly after use. Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep Capzasin Liquid out of the reach of children and away from pets.

General information: If you have any questions about Capzasin Liquid, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider. Capzasin Liquid is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people. If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor. Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.

This information is a summary only. It does not contain all information about Capzasin Liquid. If you have questions about the medicine you are taking or would like more information, check with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.

Issue Date: February 1, 2012 Database Edition 12.1.1.002 Copyright © 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. More Capzasin resources Capzasin Side Effects (in more detail) Capzasin Use in Pregnancy & Breastfeeding Capzasin Drug Interactions Capzasin Support Group 0 Reviews for Capzasin - Add your own review/rating Compare Capzasin with other medications Diabetic Nerve Damage Osteoarthritis Pain Persisting Pain, Shingles
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Ampyra


Generic Name: dalfampridine (dal FAM pri deen)
Brand Names: Ampyra

What is dalfampridine?

Dalfampridine is a potassium channel blocker.

Dalfampridine is used to improve walking in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS).

Dalfampridine may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

What is the most important information I should know about dalfampridine? You should not use dalfampridine if you are allergic to it, or if you have moderate to severe kidney disease, if you have ever had a seizure (convulsions), or if you are also taking another multiple sclerosis drug called Fampridine.

Before you take dalfampridine, tell your doctor if you have kidney disease.

Do not take more than 2 tablets in a 24-hour period. Do not use a tablet that has been broken or crushed. A broken tablet can release too much of the drug at one time. This can increase your risk of having a seizure. Stop taking dalfampridine and call your doctor at once if you a seizure, pain or burning when you urinate, problems with your balance, numbness or tingly feeling, or a relapse of your MS symptoms. What should I discuss with my health care provider before taking dalfampridine? You should not use dalfampridine if you are allergic to it, or if you have:

moderate to severe kidney disease;

if you have ever had a seizure (convulsions); or

if you are also taking another MS drug called Fampridine (4-aminopyridine).

To make sure you can safely take dalfampridine, tell your doctor if you have kidney disease.

FDA pregnancy category C. It is not known whether dalfampridine will harm an unborn baby. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant while using this medication.. It is not known whether dalfampridine passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. You should not breast-feed while you are using dalfampridine. Do not give this medication to anyone under 18 years old without the advice of a doctor. How should I take dalfampridine?

Take exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Do not take in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended. Follow the directions on your prescription label.

Dalfampridine is usually taken once every 12 hours. Follow your doctor's instructions.

Do not take more than 2 tablets in a 24-hour period.

Dalfampridine may be taken with or without food.

Do not crush, chew, or break an extended-release tablet. Swallow it whole. Do not dissolve the tablet in liquid. Breaking or dissolving the pill may cause too much of the drug to be released at one time. Do not use a dalfampridine tablet that has been accidentally crushed or broken. This can increase your risk of having a seizure. Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat.

Throw away any leftover medicine after the expiration date on the label has passed.

See also: Ampyra dosage (in more detail)

What happens if I miss a dose?

Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. Skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next scheduled dose. Do not take extra medicine to make up the missed dose.

What happens if I overdose? Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.

Overdose can cause confusion, problems with thinking or memory, tremors, sweating, or seizures.

What should I avoid while taking dalfampridine?

Follow your doctor's instructions about any restrictions on food, beverages, or activity.

Dalfampridine side effects Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat. Stop taking dalfampridine and call your doctor at once if you have a serious side effect such as:

seizure (convulsions);

pain or burning when you urinate;

problems with balance;

numbness, burning pain, or tingly feeling;

relapse or worsening of MS symptoms;

Less serious side effects may include:

headache, dizziness;

sleep problems (insomnia);

nausea, constipation, upset stomach;

weakness;

stuffy nose, sinus pain, sore throat; or

back pain.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What other drugs will affect dalfampridine?

There may be other drugs that can interact with dalfampridine. Tell your doctor about all medications you use. This includes prescription, over-the-counter, vitamin, and herbal products. Do not start a new medication without telling your doctor.

More Ampyra resources Ampyra Side Effects (in more detail)Ampyra DosageAmpyra Use in Pregnancy & BreastfeedingAmpyra Drug InteractionsAmpyra Support Group17 Reviews for Ampyra - Add your own review/rating Ampyra Prescribing Information (FDA) Ampyra Monograph (AHFS DI) Ampyra Advanced Consumer (Micromedex) - Includes Dosage Information Ampyra Consumer Overview Ampyra MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer) Dalfampridine Professional Patient Advice (Wolters Kluwer) Compare Ampyra with other medications Multiple Sclerosis Where can I get more information? Your pharmacist can provide more information about dalfampridine.

See also: Ampyra side effects (in more detail)


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gadoxetate


Generic Name: gadoxetate (gad OX e tate)
Brand Names: Eovist

What is gadoxetate?

Gadoxetate is a contrast agent that produces magnetic effects. It is used in combination with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to allow blood vessels, organs, and other non-bony tissues to be seen more clearly on the MRI.

Gadoxetate is used to help diagnose certain disorders of the liver.

Gadoxetate may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

What is the most important information I should know about gadoxetate? Gadoxetate can cause a life-threatening condition in people with advanced kidney disease. The symptoms of this condition include:

burning, itching, swelling, scaling, and tightening or hardening of your skin;

muscle weakness;

joint stiffness in your arms, hands, legs, or feet;

deep bone pain in your ribs or your hips;

trouble moving; or

skin redness or discoloration.

Before receiving this medication, tell your doctor if you have kidney disease or if you are on dialysis. You may not be able to receive gadoxetate. Your doctor or other healthcare provider may want to watch you for a short time after your test is over. This is to make sure you do not have any unwanted side effects or delayed reactions. What should I discuss with my health care provider before receiving gadoxetate? Gadoxetate can cause a life-threatening condition in people with advanced kidney disease. The symptoms of this condition include:

burning, itching, swelling, scaling, and tightening or hardening of your skin;

muscle weakness;

joint stiffness in your arms, hands, legs, or feet;

deep bone pain in your ribs or your hips;

trouble moving; or

skin redness or discoloration.

Before receiving this medication, tell your doctor if you have kidney disease or if you are on dialysis. You may not be able to receive an MRI with gadoxetate.

To make sure you can safely receive this medication, tell your doctor if you have any of these other conditions:

diabetes;

high blood pressure;

liver disease (or liver transplant);

asthma, hay fever, or a history of food or drug allergies;

if you are over 60 years old;

if you have ever had a reaction to a contrast agent; or

if you have recently had an injury, surgery, or severe infection.

FDA pregnancy category C. It is not known whether gadoxetate is harmful to an unborn baby. Before you receive this medication, tell your doctor if you are pregnant. It is not known whether gadoxetate passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. Do not receive this medication without telling your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby. How is gadoxetate given?

Gadoxetate is injected into a vein through an IV. You will receive this injection in a clinic or hospital setting during your MRI.

Your doctor or other healthcare provider may want to watch you for a short time after your test is over. This is to make sure you do not have any unwanted side effects or delayed reactions.

Tell your caregivers if you feel any burning, pain, or swelling around the IV needle when the medicine is injected.

Gadoxetate can cause you to have unusual results with certain medical tests for at least 24 hours after your MRI. Tell any doctor who treats you that you have received gadoxetate

What happens if I miss a dose?

Since gadoxetate is used only during your MRI, you will not be on a dosing schedule.

What happens if I overdose?

Since this medication is given by a healthcare professional in a medical setting, an overdose is unlikely to occur.

What should I avoid after receiving gadoxetate?

Follow your doctor's instructions about any restrictions on food, beverages, or activity.

Gadoxetate side effects Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Some of the side effects of gadoxetate can occur up to several days after you have received the medication.

Call your doctor at once if you have a serious side effect such as:

urinating less than usual or not at all;

drowsiness, confusion, mood changes, increased thirst, loss of appetite;

swelling, weight gain, feeling short of breath; or

swelling, irritation, or skin changes where the injection was given.

Less serious side effects may include:

headache;

changes in your sense of taste or smell;

nausea, vomiting;

flushing (warmth, redness, or tingly feeling);

feeling unusually hot; or

cold feeling, pain, or mild burning around the IV needle when the medicine is injected.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

Gadoxetate Dosing Information

Usual Adult Dose for Liver Magnetic Resonance Imaging:

0.1 mL/kg body weight(0.025 mmol/kg body weight) administered undiluted as a single intravenous bolus injection at a flow rate of approximately 2 mL/second.

What other drugs will affect gadoxetate?

Tell your doctor if you are also taking rifampin (Rifadin, Rifater, Rifamate).

Gadoxetate can harm the kidneys in certain people, and this effect may be increased if you also use other medicines harmful to the kidneys. Before you receive gadopentetate dimeglumine, tell your doctor about all other medications you use. Many other drugs (including some over-the-counter medicines) can be harmful to the kidneys.

There may be other drugs that can affect gadoxetate. Tell your doctor about all medications you use. This includes prescription, over-the-counter, vitamin, and herbal products. Do not start a new medication without telling your doctor.

More gadoxetate resources Gadoxetate Side Effects (in more detail) Gadoxetate Dosage Gadoxetate Use in Pregnancy & Breastfeeding Gadoxetate Drug Interactions Gadoxetate Support Group 1 Review for Gadoxetate - Add your own review/rating gadoxetate Intravenous Advanced Consumer (Micromedex) - Includes Dosage Information Eovist Prescribing Information (FDA) Eovist Consumer Overview Compare gadoxetate with other medications Liver Magnetic Resonance Imaging Where can I get more information? Your doctor or pharmacist can provide more information about gadoxetate.

See also: gadoxetate side effects (in more detail)


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Nasalcrom nasal


Generic Name: cromolyn sodium (nasal) (KRO mo lin SO dee um)
Brand Names: Nasalcrom

What is Nasalcrom (cromolyn sodium (nasal))?

Cromolyn sodium is an anti-inflammatory medication. It works by preventing the release of substances in the body that cause inflammation.

Cromolyn sodium nasal is used to prevent allergy symptoms such as runny nose, stuffy nose, sneezing, itching, and post-nasal drip.

Cromolyn sodium nasal will not treat allergy symptoms that have already begun. The medication works best if used at least 1 week before you come into contact with things you are allergic to (pollen, dust, pets, etc).

Cromolyn sodium nasal will not treat the symptoms of asthma, sinus infections, or the common cold.

Cromolyn sodium nasal may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

What is the most important information I should know about Nasalcrom (cromolyn sodium (nasal))? You should not use this medication if you are allergic to cromolyn sodium.

Before you use cromolyn sodium nasal, tell your doctor if you have asthma, drug allergies, or polyps in your nose.

Cromolyn sodium nasal will not treat allergy symptoms that have already begun. The medication works best if used at least 1 week before you come into contact with things you are allergic to (pollen, dust, pets, etc).

Stop using this medication and call your doctor if you have severe burning, stinging, or irritation in your nose, nosebleeds, sinus pain, sores in your nose, wheezing, chest tightness, fever, or green/yellow mucus from your nose.

Do not use cromolyn sodium nasal more than 6 times in a 24-hour period. Do not use this medication for longer than 12 weeks unless your doctor has told you to. What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before using Nasalcrom (cromolyn sodium (nasal))? You should not use this medication if you are allergic to cromolyn sodium.

To make sure you can safely use cromolyn sodium nasal, tell your doctor if you have any of these other conditions:

asthma;

drug allergies; or

polyps in your nose.

FDA pregnancy category B. This medication is not expected to be harmful to an unborn baby. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant during treatment. It is not known whether cromolyn sodium passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. Do not use this medication without telling your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby. How should I use Nasalcrom (cromolyn sodium (nasal))?

Use exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Do not use in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended. Follow the directions on your prescription label.

This medicine is usually given as 1 spray into each nostril every 4 to 6 hours during allergy season or within 1 week before you will be exposed to an allergen. Follow your doctor's instructions.

Do not use cromolyn sodium nasal more than 6 times in a 24-hour period. Do not use this medication for longer than 12 weeks unless your doctor has told you to.

To use the nasal spray:

Blow your nose gently before each use.

Keeping your head upright, insert just the tip of the spray bottle into your nostril. Hold your other nostril closed with one finger. Spray the medicine into the nostril while inhaling, then sniff deeply a few times to make sure the medicine gets up into your nasal passages.

Repeat these steps in your other nostril.

After using the nasal spray, rinse the tip with hot water or wipe it with a clean tissue and recap. Avoid getting water into the nasal spray tip.

It may take up to 2 weeks before your symptoms improve. Keep using the medication as directed and tell your doctor if your symptoms do not improve after 2 weeks of treatment.

Store at room temperature away from moisture, heat, and light. Keep the bottle capped when not in use. What happens if I miss a dose?

Use the missed dose as soon as you remember. Skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next scheduled dose. Do not use extra medicine to make up the missed dose.

What happens if I overdose? Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222. What should I avoid while using Nasalcrom (cromolyn sodium (nasal))? Avoid getting this medication in your eyes. If this does happen, rinse with water. Nasalcrom (cromolyn sodium (nasal)) side effects Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives or itching; difficulty breathing; severe dizziness; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat. Stop using this medication and call your doctor if you have any of these serious side effects:

severe burning, stinging, or irritation in your nose;

nosebleeds, sinus pain, or sores in your nose;

wheezing, tight feeling in your chest; or

fever, green or yellow mucus from the nose.

Less serious side effects may include mild burning or stinging inside your nose after use.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What other drugs will affect Nasalcrom (cromolyn sodium (nasal))?

There may be other drugs that can interact with cromolyn sodium nasal. Tell your doctor about all medications you use. This includes prescription, over-the-counter, vitamin, and herbal products. Do not start a new medication without telling your doctor.

More Nasalcrom resources Nasalcrom Side Effects (in more detail) Nasalcrom Use in Pregnancy & Breastfeeding Nasalcrom Support Group 0 Reviews for Nasalcrom - Add your own review/rating Compare Nasalcrom with other medications Hay Fever Where can I get more information? Your pharmacist can provide more information about cromolyn sodium nasal.

See also: Nasalcrom side effects (in more detail)


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Lactinol Lotion


Pronunciation: LACK-tick ASS-id
Generic Name: Lactic Acid
Brand Name: Examples include Lac-Hydrin and Lactinol
Lactinol Lotion is used for:

Moisturizing and softening dry, scaly skin (xerosis) and ichthyosis vulgaris, and for the temporary relief of itching associated with these conditions.

Lactinol Lotion is a humectant. Exactly how it works is unknown but it increases the amount of water in the skin, making it softer and more pliable.

Do NOT use Lactinol Lotion if: you are allergic to any ingredient in Lactinol Lotion

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

Before using Lactinol Lotion:

Some medical conditions may interact with Lactinol Lotion. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances

Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with Lactinol Lotion. Because little, if any, of Lactinol Lotion is absorbed into the blood, the risk of it interacting with another medicine is low.

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Lactinol Lotion may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

How to use Lactinol Lotion:

Use Lactinol Lotion as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

Apply Lactinol Lotion to the affected area and rub in thoroughly twice daily or as directed by your health care provider. Wash your hands immediately after using Lactinol Lotion, unless your hands are part of the treated area. If you miss a dose of Lactinol Lotion, use it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not use 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Lactinol Lotion.

Important safety information: Lactinol Lotion may cause stinging or burning when applied to cracked or scraped skin (eg, after shaving). Lactinol Lotion is for external use only. Avoid contact with the eyes, lips, or mucous membranes. Lactinol Lotion may cause irritation. Use caution when applying Lactinol Lotion to the face. Lactinol Lotion may be harmful if swallowed. If you or someone you know may have taken Lactinol Lotion by mouth, contact your local poison control center or emergency room immediately. Overuse of topical products may worsen your condition. Lactinol Lotion may cause increased sensitivity to the sun. Avoid exposure to the sun, sunlamps, or tanning booths until you know how you react to Lactinol Lotion. Use a sunscreen or protective clothing if you must be outside for a prolonged period. PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you plan on becoming pregnant, discuss with your doctor the benefits and risks of using Lactinol Lotion during pregnancy. It is unknown if Lactinol Lotion is excreted in breast milk. If you are or will be breast-feeding while you are using Lactinol Lotion, check with your doctor or pharmacist to discuss the risks to your baby. Possible side effects of Lactinol Lotion:

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:

Mild, temporary burning, irritation, peeling, redness, sensitivity, or stinging.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); severe or prolonged burning, peeling, redness, stinging, sensitivity, or irritation; worsening of condition.

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.

See also: Lactinol side effects (in more detail)

If OVERDOSE is suspected:

Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately. Lactinol Lotion may be harmful if swallowed.

Proper storage of Lactinol Lotion:

Store Lactinol Lotion at room temperature, between 59 and 86 degrees F (15 and 30 degrees C). Keep Lactinol Lotion out of the reach of children and away from pets.

General information: If you have any questions about Lactinol Lotion, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider. Lactinol Lotion is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people. If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor. Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.

This information is a summary only. It does not contain all information about Lactinol Lotion. If you have questions about the medicine you are taking or would like more information, check with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.

Issue Date: February 1, 2012 Database Edition 12.1.1.002 Copyright © 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. More Lactinol resources Lactinol Side Effects (in more detail) Lactinol Use in Pregnancy & Breastfeeding Lactinol Support Group 0 Reviews for Lactinol - Add your own review/rating Compare Lactinol with other medications Dry Skin Pityriasis rubra pilaris
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AzaSite


Generic Name: azithromycin ophthalmic (a ZITH roe MYE sin off THAL mik)
Brand Names: AzaSite

What is azithromycin ophthalmic?

Azithromycin is a macrolide antibiotic that fights bacteria.

Azithromycin ophthalmic (for the eyes) is used to treat eye infections caused by bacteria.

Azithromycin ophthalmic may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

What is the most important information I should know about azithromycin ophthalmic? You should not use this medication if you are allergic to azithromycin. Do not use this medication while wearing contact lenses. Azithromycin ophthalmic may contain a preservative that can discolor soft contact lenses. Wait at least 15 minutes after using azithromycin ophthalmic before putting your contact lenses in.

You should not wear contact lenses while you still have active symptoms of the eye infection you are treating.

Use this medication for the full prescribed length of time. Your symptoms may improve before the infection is completely cleared.

Serious side effects of azithromycin ophthalmic may include eye drainage or crusting, severe eye irritation, feeling like there is something in your eye, watery eyes, increased light sensitivity, eye redness or swelling, any signs of new infection.

Although the risk of serious side effects is low when azithromycin ophthalmic is used in the eyes, side effects can occur if the medicine is absorbed into your bloodstream. Stop using the medicine and get emergency medical help if you have any signs of a severe skin reaction, such as fever, sore throat, swelling in your face or tongue, burning in your eyes, skin pain followed by a red or purple skin rash that spreads (especially in the face or upper body) and causes blistering and peeling.

What should I discuss with my health care provider before taking azithromycin ophthalmic? You should not use this medication if you are allergic to azithromycin (Zithromax). FDA pregnancy category B. Azithromycin ophthalmic is not expected to harm an unborn baby. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant during treatment. It is not known whether azithromycin ophthalmic passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. Do not use this medication without telling your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby. How should I use azithromycin ophthalmic?

Use exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Do not use in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended. Follow the directions on your prescription label.

Azithromycin ophthalmic is usually applied twice daily for 2 days, and then once daily for 5 more days. Follow your doctor's instructions.

Wash your hands before using eye medication.

To apply the eye drops:

Tilt your head back slightly and pull down your lower eyelid to create a small pocket. Hold the dropper above the eye with the tip down. Look up and away from the dropper as you squeeze out a drop, then close your eye.

Use only the number of drops your doctor has prescribed.

Gently press your finger to the inside corner of the eye (near your nose) for about 1 minute to keep the liquid from draining into your tear duct.

If you use more than one drop in the same eye, wait about 5 minutes before putting in the next drop.

Also wait at least 10 minutes before using any other eye drops that your doctor has prescribed.

Do not allow the tip of the dropper to touch any surface, including your eyes or hands. If the dropper becomes contaminated it could cause an infection in your eye, which can lead to vision loss or serious damage to the eye.

Do not use the eye drops if the liquid has changed colors or has particles in it. Call your doctor for a new prescription.

Use this medication for the full prescribed length of time. Your symptoms may improve before the infection is completely cleared.

Store an unopened bottle of azithromycin ophthalmic in the refrigerator. Do not freeze. After opening the bottle, you may keep the medication at room temperature for up to 14 days. Keep the bottle tightly closed when not in use. Protect from moisture and heat. What happens if I miss a dose?

Use the missed dose as soon as you remember. Skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next scheduled dose. Do not use extra medicine to make up the missed dose.

What happens if I overdose? Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222. What should I avoid while taking azithromycin ophthalmic? Do not use this medication while wearing contact lenses. Azithromycin ophthalmic may contain a preservative that can discolor soft contact lenses. Wait at least 15 minutes after using azithromycin ophthalmic before putting your contact lenses in.

You should not wear contact lenses while you still have active symptoms of the eye infection you are treating.

Azithromycin ophthalmic side effects Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Although the risk of serious side effects is low when azithromycin ophthalmic is used in the eyes, you should be aware of side effects that can occur if the medication is absorbed into your bloodstream. Stop using the medicine and get emergency medical help if you have any signs of a severe skin reaction, such as:

fever, sore throat;

swelling in your face or tongue, burning in your eyes; or

skin pain followed by a red or purple skin rash that spreads (especially in the face or upper body) and causes blistering and peeling.

Stop using azithromycin ophthalmic and call your doctor at once if you have a serious side effect such as:

drainage or crusting of your eye;

severe burning, stinging, itching, or other irritation after using the eye drops;

feeling like there is something in your eye;

watery eyes, increased light sensitivity;

eye redness or swelling; or

any signs of a new infection.

Less serious side effects may include:

blurred vision;

stuffy nose; or

mild stinging, burning, or irritation of your eyes.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Tell your doctor about any unusual or bothersome side effect. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What other drugs will affect azithromycin ophthalmic?

It is not likely that other drugs you take orally or inject will have an effect on azithromycin ophthalmic used in the eyes. But many drugs can interact with each other. Tell your doctor about all medicines you use. This includes prescription, over-the-counter, vitamin, and herbal products. Do not start a new medication without telling your doctor.

More AzaSite resources AzaSite Side Effects (in more detail) AzaSite Dosage AzaSite Use in Pregnancy & Breastfeeding AzaSite Support Group 1 Review for AzaSite - Add your own review/rating AzaSite Advanced Consumer (Micromedex) - Includes Dosage Information AzaSite Consumer Overview AzaSite Prescribing Information (FDA) Azasite Drops MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer) Compare AzaSite with other medications Conjunctivitis, Bacterial Neonatal Conjunctivitis Where can I get more information? Your doctor or pharmacist can provide more information about azithromycin ophthalmic.

See also: AzaSite side effects (in more detail)


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Systane


Generic Name: ocular lubricant (OK yoo lar LOO bri kant)
Brand Names: Artificial Tears, Celluvisc, Clear Eyes CLR, Comfort Tears, Dry Eye Relief, GenTeal, Isopto Tears, Lacri-Lube S.O.P., Lacrisert, Lubricant Eye Drops, Moisture Drops, Oasis Tears, Opti-Free Rewetting Drops, optive, Refresh, Soothe, Sterilube, Systane, Systane Balance, Tears Again, Tears Naturale, Tears Renew, TheraTears, Ultra Fresh, Visine Tears

What is Systane (ocular lubricant)?

There are many brands and forms of ocular lubricant available and not all are listed on this leaflet.

Ocular lubricant is a solution specially formulated to moisten the eyes.

Ocular lubricant is used to relieve burning, irritation, and discomfort caused by dry eyes.

Ocular lubricant may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

What is the most important information I should know about Systane (ocular lubricant)?

There are many brands and forms of ocular lubricant available and not all are listed on this leaflet.

You should not use an ocular lubricant if you are allergic to it. Ocular lubricant will not treat or prevent an eye infection.

Ask a doctor or pharmacist if it is safe for you to use this medicine if you have any type of infection in your eye.

Do not allow the dropper or tube tip to touch any surface, including the eyes or hands. If the dropper or tube becomes contaminated it could cause an infection in your eye, which can lead to vision loss or serious damage to the eye.

Stop using ocular lubricant and call your doctor if you have severe burning, stinging, irritation, eye pain, or vision changes.

This medication may cause blurred vision. Be careful if you drive or do anything that requires you to be able to see clearly.

Talk with your doctor if your symptoms do not improve or if they get worse while you are using ocular lubricant. What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before using Systane (ocular lubricant)? You should not use an ocular lubricant if you are allergic to it. Ocular lubricant will not treat or prevent an eye infection.

Ask a doctor or pharmacist if it is safe for you to use this medicine if you have any type of infection in your eye.

Ocular lubricant is not expected to harm an unborn baby. Ask a doctor or pharmacist about using ocular lubricant if you are pregnant. It is not known whether ocular lubricant passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. Ask a doctor or pharmacist about using ocular lubricant if you are pregnant. How should I use Systane (ocular lubricant)?

Use exactly as directed on the label, or as prescribed by your doctor. Do not use in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended.

Do not use this medication while wearing contact lenses. Eye medication may contain a preservative that can discolor soft contact lenses. Wait at least 15 minutes after using this medication before putting your contact lenses in. Wash your hands before using ocular lubricant.

To apply the eye drops:

Tilt your head back slightly and pull down your lower eyelid to create a small pocket. Hold the dropper above the eye with the tip down. Look up and away from the dropper as you squeeze out a drop, then close your eye.

Use only the number of drops your doctor has prescribed.

Gently press your finger to the inside corner of the eye (near your nose) for about 1 minute to keep the liquid from draining into your tear duct. If you use more than one drop in the same eye, wait about 5 minutes before putting in the next drop.

Do not use the eye drops if the liquid has changed colors or has particles in it.

To apply the ointment:

Tilt your head back slightly and pull down your lower eyelid to create a small pocket. Hold the ointment tube with the tip pointing toward this pocket. Look up and away from the tip.

Squeeze out a ribbon of ointment 1/2-inch long into the lower eyelid pocket without touching the tip of the tube to your eye. Look down and close your eyes for a few minutes. Rolling your eyes around gently will help spread the ointment evenly.

After opening your eyes, you may have blurred vision for a short time. Avoid driving or doing anything that requires you to be able to see clearly.

Do not allow the dropper or tube tip to touch any surface, including the eyes or hands. If the dropper or tube becomes contaminated it could cause an infection in your eye, which can lead to vision loss or serious damage to the eye.

Talk with your doctor if your symptoms do not improve or if they get worse while you are using ocular lubricant. Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat. Do not freeze. Keep the bottle or tube tightly closed when not in use. What happens if I miss a dose?

Since ocular lubricant is used on an as needed basis, you are not likely to miss a dose.

What happens if I overdose?

An overdose of ocular lubricant is not expected to be dangerous.

What should I avoid while using Systane (ocular lubricant)?

This medication may cause blurred vision. Be careful if you drive or do anything that requires you to be able to see clearly.

Avoid using other medications in your eyes during treatment with ocular lubricant unless your doctor tells you to.

Systane (ocular lubricant) side effects Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat. Stop using ocular lubricant and call your doctor if you have a serious side effect such as:

severe burning, stinging, or eye irritation after using the medication;

eye pain; or

vision changes.

Less serious side effects may include:

mild eye burning or irritation;

itching or redness of your eyes;

watery eyes;

blurred vision; or

unpleasant taste in your mouth.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What other drugs will affect Systane (ocular lubricant)?

It is not likely that other drugs you take orally or inject will have an effect on ocular lubricant used in the eyes. But many drugs can interact with each other. Tell your doctor about all your prescription and over-the-counter medications, vitamins, minerals, herbal products, and drugs prescribed by other doctors. Do not start a new medication without telling your doctor.

More Systane resources Systane Use in Pregnancy & BreastfeedingSystane Support Group0 Reviews for Systane - Add your own review/rating FreshKote Drops MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer) Genteal Advanced Consumer (Micromedex) - Includes Dosage Information Lacri-Lube S.O.P. Ointment MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer) Lacrisert Prescribing Information (FDA) Lacrisert Insert MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer) Lacrisert Advanced Consumer (Micromedex) - Includes Dosage Information Murine Tears Drops MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer) Murocel Eye Drops MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer) Refresh Redness Relief Drops MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer) Refresh liquigel Compare Systane with other medications Eye Dryness/Redness Where can I get more information? Your pharmacist can provide more information about ocular lubricant.
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GenTeal


Generic Name: ocular lubricant (OK yoo lar LOO bri kant)
Brand Names: Artificial Tears, Celluvisc, Clear Eyes CLR, Comfort Tears, Dry Eye Relief, GenTeal, Isopto Tears, Lacri-Lube S.O.P., Lacrisert, Lubricant Eye Drops, Moisture Drops, Oasis Tears, Opti-Free Rewetting Drops, optive, Refresh, Soothe, Sterilube, Systane, Systane Balance, Tears Again, Tears Naturale, Tears Renew, TheraTears, Ultra Fresh, Visine Tears

What is GenTeal (ocular lubricant)?

There are many brands and forms of ocular lubricant available and not all are listed on this leaflet.

Ocular lubricant is a solution specially formulated to moisten the eyes.

Ocular lubricant is used to relieve burning, irritation, and discomfort caused by dry eyes.

Ocular lubricant may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

What is the most important information I should know about GenTeal (ocular lubricant)?

There are many brands and forms of ocular lubricant available and not all are listed on this leaflet.

You should not use an ocular lubricant if you are allergic to it. Ocular lubricant will not treat or prevent an eye infection.

Ask a doctor or pharmacist if it is safe for you to use this medicine if you have any type of infection in your eye.

Do not allow the dropper or tube tip to touch any surface, including the eyes or hands. If the dropper or tube becomes contaminated it could cause an infection in your eye, which can lead to vision loss or serious damage to the eye.

Stop using ocular lubricant and call your doctor if you have severe burning, stinging, irritation, eye pain, or vision changes.

This medication may cause blurred vision. Be careful if you drive or do anything that requires you to be able to see clearly.

Talk with your doctor if your symptoms do not improve or if they get worse while you are using ocular lubricant. What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before using GenTeal (ocular lubricant)? You should not use an ocular lubricant if you are allergic to it. Ocular lubricant will not treat or prevent an eye infection.

Ask a doctor or pharmacist if it is safe for you to use this medicine if you have any type of infection in your eye.

Ocular lubricant is not expected to harm an unborn baby. Ask a doctor or pharmacist about using ocular lubricant if you are pregnant. It is not known whether ocular lubricant passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. Ask a doctor or pharmacist about using ocular lubricant if you are pregnant. How should I use GenTeal (ocular lubricant)?

Use exactly as directed on the label, or as prescribed by your doctor. Do not use in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended.

Do not use this medication while wearing contact lenses. Eye medication may contain a preservative that can discolor soft contact lenses. Wait at least 15 minutes after using this medication before putting your contact lenses in. Wash your hands before using ocular lubricant.

To apply the eye drops:

Tilt your head back slightly and pull down your lower eyelid to create a small pocket. Hold the dropper above the eye with the tip down. Look up and away from the dropper as you squeeze out a drop, then close your eye.

Use only the number of drops your doctor has prescribed.

Gently press your finger to the inside corner of the eye (near your nose) for about 1 minute to keep the liquid from draining into your tear duct. If you use more than one drop in the same eye, wait about 5 minutes before putting in the next drop.

Do not use the eye drops if the liquid has changed colors or has particles in it.

To apply the ointment:

Tilt your head back slightly and pull down your lower eyelid to create a small pocket. Hold the ointment tube with the tip pointing toward this pocket. Look up and away from the tip.

Squeeze out a ribbon of ointment 1/2-inch long into the lower eyelid pocket without touching the tip of the tube to your eye. Look down and close your eyes for a few minutes. Rolling your eyes around gently will help spread the ointment evenly.

After opening your eyes, you may have blurred vision for a short time. Avoid driving or doing anything that requires you to be able to see clearly.

Do not allow the dropper or tube tip to touch any surface, including the eyes or hands. If the dropper or tube becomes contaminated it could cause an infection in your eye, which can lead to vision loss or serious damage to the eye.

Talk with your doctor if your symptoms do not improve or if they get worse while you are using ocular lubricant. Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat. Do not freeze. Keep the bottle or tube tightly closed when not in use. What happens if I miss a dose?

Since ocular lubricant is used on an as needed basis, you are not likely to miss a dose.

What happens if I overdose?

An overdose of ocular lubricant is not expected to be dangerous.

What should I avoid while using GenTeal (ocular lubricant)?

This medication may cause blurred vision. Be careful if you drive or do anything that requires you to be able to see clearly.

Avoid using other medications in your eyes during treatment with ocular lubricant unless your doctor tells you to.

GenTeal (ocular lubricant) side effects Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat. Stop using ocular lubricant and call your doctor if you have a serious side effect such as:

severe burning, stinging, or eye irritation after using the medication;

eye pain; or

vision changes.

Less serious side effects may include:

mild eye burning or irritation;

itching or redness of your eyes;

watery eyes;

blurred vision; or

unpleasant taste in your mouth.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What other drugs will affect GenTeal (ocular lubricant)?

It is not likely that other drugs you take orally or inject will have an effect on ocular lubricant used in the eyes. But many drugs can interact with each other. Tell your doctor about all your prescription and over-the-counter medications, vitamins, minerals, herbal products, and drugs prescribed by other doctors. Do not start a new medication without telling your doctor.

More GenTeal resources GenTeal Use in Pregnancy & Breastfeeding GenTeal Support Group 0 Reviews for GenTeal - Add your own review/rating FreshKote Drops MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer) Genteal Advanced Consumer (Micromedex) - Includes Dosage Information Lacri-Lube S.O.P. Ointment MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer) Lacrisert Prescribing Information (FDA) Lacrisert Insert MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer) Lacrisert Advanced Consumer (Micromedex) - Includes Dosage Information Murine Tears Drops MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer) Murocel Eye Drops MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer) Refresh Redness Relief Drops MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer) Refresh liquigel Compare GenTeal with other medications Eye Dryness/Redness Where can I get more information? Your pharmacist can provide more information about ocular lubricant.
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Artificial Tears


Generic Name: ocular lubricant (OK yoo lar LOO bri kant)
Brand Names: Artificial Tears, Celluvisc, Clear Eyes CLR, Comfort Tears, Dry Eye Relief, GenTeal, Isopto Tears, Lacri-Lube S.O.P., Lacrisert, Lubricant Eye Drops, Moisture Drops, Oasis Tears, Opti-Free Rewetting Drops, optive, Refresh, Soothe, Sterilube, Systane, Systane Balance, Tears Again, Tears Naturale, Tears Renew, TheraTears, Ultra Fresh, Visine Tears

What is Artificial Tears (ocular lubricant)?

There are many brands and forms of ocular lubricant available and not all are listed on this leaflet.

Ocular lubricant is a solution specially formulated to moisten the eyes.

Ocular lubricant is used to relieve burning, irritation, and discomfort caused by dry eyes.

Ocular lubricant may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

What is the most important information I should know about Artificial Tears (ocular lubricant)?

There are many brands and forms of ocular lubricant available and not all are listed on this leaflet.

You should not use an ocular lubricant if you are allergic to it. Ocular lubricant will not treat or prevent an eye infection.

Ask a doctor or pharmacist if it is safe for you to use this medicine if you have any type of infection in your eye.

Do not allow the dropper or tube tip to touch any surface, including the eyes or hands. If the dropper or tube becomes contaminated it could cause an infection in your eye, which can lead to vision loss or serious damage to the eye.

Stop using ocular lubricant and call your doctor if you have severe burning, stinging, irritation, eye pain, or vision changes.

This medication may cause blurred vision. Be careful if you drive or do anything that requires you to be able to see clearly.

Talk with your doctor if your symptoms do not improve or if they get worse while you are using ocular lubricant. What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before using Artificial Tears (ocular lubricant)? You should not use an ocular lubricant if you are allergic to it. Ocular lubricant will not treat or prevent an eye infection.

Ask a doctor or pharmacist if it is safe for you to use this medicine if you have any type of infection in your eye.

Ocular lubricant is not expected to harm an unborn baby. Ask a doctor or pharmacist about using ocular lubricant if you are pregnant. It is not known whether ocular lubricant passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. Ask a doctor or pharmacist about using ocular lubricant if you are pregnant. How should I use Artificial Tears (ocular lubricant)?

Use exactly as directed on the label, or as prescribed by your doctor. Do not use in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended.

Do not use this medication while wearing contact lenses. Eye medication may contain a preservative that can discolor soft contact lenses. Wait at least 15 minutes after using this medication before putting your contact lenses in. Wash your hands before using ocular lubricant.

To apply the eye drops:

Tilt your head back slightly and pull down your lower eyelid to create a small pocket. Hold the dropper above the eye with the tip down. Look up and away from the dropper as you squeeze out a drop, then close your eye.

Use only the number of drops your doctor has prescribed.

Gently press your finger to the inside corner of the eye (near your nose) for about 1 minute to keep the liquid from draining into your tear duct. If you use more than one drop in the same eye, wait about 5 minutes before putting in the next drop.

Do not use the eye drops if the liquid has changed colors or has particles in it.

To apply the ointment:

Tilt your head back slightly and pull down your lower eyelid to create a small pocket. Hold the ointment tube with the tip pointing toward this pocket. Look up and away from the tip.

Squeeze out a ribbon of ointment 1/2-inch long into the lower eyelid pocket without touching the tip of the tube to your eye. Look down and close your eyes for a few minutes. Rolling your eyes around gently will help spread the ointment evenly.

After opening your eyes, you may have blurred vision for a short time. Avoid driving or doing anything that requires you to be able to see clearly.

Do not allow the dropper or tube tip to touch any surface, including the eyes or hands. If the dropper or tube becomes contaminated it could cause an infection in your eye, which can lead to vision loss or serious damage to the eye.

Talk with your doctor if your symptoms do not improve or if they get worse while you are using ocular lubricant. Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat. Do not freeze. Keep the bottle or tube tightly closed when not in use. What happens if I miss a dose?

Since ocular lubricant is used on an as needed basis, you are not likely to miss a dose.

What happens if I overdose?

An overdose of ocular lubricant is not expected to be dangerous.

What should I avoid while using Artificial Tears (ocular lubricant)?

This medication may cause blurred vision. Be careful if you drive or do anything that requires you to be able to see clearly.

Avoid using other medications in your eyes during treatment with ocular lubricant unless your doctor tells you to.

Artificial Tears (ocular lubricant) side effects Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat. Stop using ocular lubricant and call your doctor if you have a serious side effect such as:

severe burning, stinging, or eye irritation after using the medication;

eye pain; or

vision changes.

Less serious side effects may include:

mild eye burning or irritation;

itching or redness of your eyes;

watery eyes;

blurred vision; or

unpleasant taste in your mouth.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What other drugs will affect Artificial Tears (ocular lubricant)?

It is not likely that other drugs you take orally or inject will have an effect on ocular lubricant used in the eyes. But many drugs can interact with each other. Tell your doctor about all your prescription and over-the-counter medications, vitamins, minerals, herbal products, and drugs prescribed by other doctors. Do not start a new medication without telling your doctor.

More Artificial Tears resources Artificial Tears Use in Pregnancy & Breastfeeding Artificial Tears Support Group 0 Reviews for Artificial Tears - Add your own review/rating FreshKote Drops MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer) Genteal Advanced Consumer (Micromedex) - Includes Dosage Information Lacri-Lube S.O.P. Ointment MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer) Lacrisert Prescribing Information (FDA) Lacrisert Insert MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer) Lacrisert Advanced Consumer (Micromedex) - Includes Dosage Information Murine Tears Drops MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer) Murocel Eye Drops MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer) Refresh Redness Relief Drops MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer) Refresh liquigel Compare Artificial Tears with other medications Eye Dryness/Redness Where can I get more information? Your pharmacist can provide more information about ocular lubricant.
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Zacin Cream 0.025%


1. Name Of The Medicinal Product

Zacin 0.025% w/w Cream

2. Qualitative And Quantitative Composition

Capsaicin 0.025% w/w

3. Pharmaceutical Form

Cream for topical application

4. Clinical Particulars 4.1 Therapeutic Indications

For the symptomatic relief of pain associated with osteoarthritis.

4.2 Posology And Method Of Administration

Adults and the elderly:

For topical administration to unbroken skin. Apply only a small amount of cream (pea size) to affected area 4 times daily. These applications should be evenly spaced throughout the waking hours and not more often than every 4 hours. The cream should be gently rubbed in, there should be no residue left on the surface. Hands should be washed immediately after application of Zacin unless hands and fingers are being treated. Zacin should not be applied near the eyes. Pain relief usually begins within the first week of treatment and increases with continuing regular application for the next two to eight weeks.

Not suitable for use in children.

4.3 Contraindications

Zacin cream is contra-indicated on broken or irritated skin.

Zacin Cream is contra-indicated in patients with known hypersensitivity to capsaicin or any of the excipients used in this product.

4.4 Special Warnings And Precautions For Use

Skin irritation has been reported following application of Zacin. The hands should be washed immediately after application of the cream, unless the hands are the treated areas, in which case, they should be washed 30 minutes after application

Patients should avoid taking a hot bath or shower just before or after applying Zacin, as it can enhance the burning sensation.

Patients and carers should avoid inhalation of vapours from the cream, as transient irritation of the mucous membranes of the eyes and respiratory tract (including exacerbation of asthma) has been reported.

Keep Zacin away from the eyes.

Medical advice should be sought if the condition worsens, or clears up then recurs.

Tight bandages should not be applied on top of Zacin cream.

4.5 Interaction With Other Medicinal Products And Other Forms Of Interaction

Not applicable.

4.6 Pregnancy And Lactation

The safety of Zacin during pregnancy and lactation has not been established, in either humans or animals. However, in the small amounts absorbed transdermally from Zacin Cream, it is considered unlikely that capsaicin will cause any adverse effects in humans.

4.7 Effects On Ability To Drive And Use Machines

Not applicable.

4.8 Undesirable Effects

Zacin may cause skin irritation or transient burning on application. This burning is observed more frequently when application schedules of less than 4 times daily are utilised. The burning can be enhanced if too much cream is used and if it is applied just before or after a bath or shower.

Irritation of the mucous membranes of the eyes and respiratory tract (such as nasal and throat irritation) on application of Zacin cream has been reported rarely, resulting in symptoms such as coughing, sneezing and runny eyes. These events are usually mild and self-limiting. There have been a few reports of dyspnoea, wheezing and exacerbation of asthma.

4.9 Overdose

Not applicable.

5. Pharmacological Properties 5.1 Pharmacodynamic Properties

Pharmacotherapeutic group: Topical products for joint and muscular pain, Capsaicin and similar agents, ATC code: M02A B01.

Although the precise mechanism of action of capsaicin is not fully understood, current evidence suggests that capsaicin exerts an analgesic effect by depleting and preventing reaccumulation of Substance P in peripheral sensory neurons. Substance P is thought to be the principal chemomediator of pain impulses from the periphery to the central nervous system.

5.2 Pharmacokinetic Properties

Absorption after topical application is unknown. Average consumption of dietary spice from capsicum fruit has been estimated at 2.5g/person/day in India and 5.0g/person/day in Thailand. Capsaicin content in capsicum fruit is approximately 1% therefore dietary intake of capsaicin may range from 0.5-1mg/kg/day for a 50kg person. Application of two tubes of Zacin Cream 0.025% (90g) each week results in 3.21mg/day topical exposure. Assuming 100% absorption in a 50kg person, daily exposure would be 0.064mg/kg which is approximately one seventh to one eighth of the above mentioned dietary intake.

5.3 Preclinical Safety Data

The available animal toxicity data relating to capsicum, capsicum extracts and capsaicin do not suggest that, in usual doses, they pose any significant toxicity hazard to man. Thus, in both single and repeat dosing studies which have been reported, capsicum extracts and capsicum are generally well-tolerated at many times even the highest estimated human intakes. The safety of Zacin for use in human pregnancy has not been established since no formal reproduction studies have been performed in either animals or man. However, there is no reason to suspect from human or animal studies currently available that any adverse effects in humans are likely.

Studies reported in the published literature which relate to potential genotoxic and carcinogenic action of capsaicin have produced inconclusive and conflicting data. However, it is unlikely that capsaicin, in the quantities absorbed transdermally from Zacin cream, will pose any significant hazard to humans.

6. Pharmaceutical Particulars 6.1 List Of Excipients

Purified Water

Sorbitol Solution

Isopropyl Myristate

Cetyl Alcohol

White Soft Paraffin

Glyceryl Stearate and Peg-100

Stearate (Arlacel 165)

Benzyl Alcohol

6.2 Incompatibilities

Not applicable.

6.3 Shelf Life

3 years

6.4 Special Precautions For Storage

Store below 25°C.

Return any unused cream to your doctor or pharmacist.

6.5 Nature And Contents Of Container

Aluminium tubes with epoxyphenolic lining and polypropylene spiked cap containing 45g of Zacin Cream 0.025%.

6.6 Special Precautions For Disposal And Other Handling

Not applicable.

7. Marketing Authorisation Holder

Cephalon UK Limited

1 Albany Place

Hyde Way

Welwyn Garden City

Hertfordshire

AL7 3BT

8. Marketing Authorisation Number(S)

PL 16260/0028

9. Date Of First Authorisation/Renewal Of The Authorisation

22 March 2010

10. Date Of Revision Of The Text

08 March 2011

11. LEGAL CATEGORY

POM


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crotamiton topical


Generic Name: crotamiton topical (crow TA mi ton)
Brand Names: Eurax

What is crotamiton topical?

Crotamiton is a scabicide. The exact way that crotamiton works is unknown.

Crotamiton topical is used to treat scabies and to reduce itching associated with certain conditions.

Crotamiton topical may also be used for purposes other than those listed in this medication guide.

What is the most important information I should know about crotamiton topical? Do not take this medication by mouth.

Do not use more of this medication than is recommended.

Avoid application to the mouth, nose, or eyes.

Treat sexual and other close contacts who are also infected.

To prevent reinfection, wash all clothing, hats, bed clothes, bed linens, hair brushes, and combs with a strong cleanser in hot water to remove any mites or eggs.

Who should not use crotamiton topical? Do not use this medication if you have ever had an allergic reaction to it. Crotamiton topical is in the pregnancy category C. This means that it is not known whether crotamiton topical will harm an unborn baby. Do not use this medication without first talking to your doctor if you are pregnant. It is also not known whether crotamiton passes into breast milk. Do not use crotamiton topical without first talking to your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby. How should I use crotamiton topical?

Use crotamiton topical exactly as directed by your doctor, or follow the directions that accompany the package. If you do not understand these directions, ask your pharmacist, nurse, or doctor to explain them to you.

Never use more of this medication than is recommended.

To treat scabies:

Shake the lotion well before use. Apply a thin layer of the cream or lotion to all body parts from the neck down to the soles of your feet (scabies does not usually infect the head). Apply the medication to dry skin and rub it in well. Leave the medication on for 24 hours, then, without washing, apply a second dose. Thoroughly wash off the medication 48 hours after the last application.

To treat itching:

Massage the medication into the affected areas until it is completely absorbed. Repeat as necessary or as directed.

Do not apply this medication to the eyes, nose, or mouth. Flush with water if you get medication in any of these areas.

Do not apply crotamiton topical to open cuts or wounds. Doing so could cause too much medication to be absorbed by your body, which could be very dangerous.

To prevent reinfection, wash all clothing, hats, bed clothes, bed linens, hair brushes, and combs with a strong cleanser in hot water to remove any mites or eggs.

Store crotamiton topical at room temperature away from moisture and heat. What happens if I miss a dose?

Two doses of crotamiton topical, 24 hours apart, are recommended. If the second dose is messed, retreatment may be necessary. Contact your doctor or pharmacist if you miss a dose.

What happens if I overdose? Seek emergency medical attention.

Symptoms of a crotamiton topical overdose (after ingestion) include a burning feeling in the mouth; irritation or inflammation of the mouth, throat, and stomach lining; nausea; vomiting; and abdominal pain.

What should I avoid while taking crotamiton?

Avoid sexual or intimate contact with others until the infection has been cured. Also avoid sharing hair combs, hair accessories, hats, clothing, bed linens, and other articles of personal use. The infections are highly contagious.

Do not use more of this medication than is directed, and do not apply it to the facial area. Using too much of this medication could be very dangerous.

Do not apply crotamiton topical to open cuts or wounds. Doing so could cause too much medication to be absorbed by your body, which could be very dangerous.

Crotamiton side effects Serious side effects are not likely to occur. Stop using crotamiton topical and seek emergency medical attention if you experience an allergic reaction (shortness of breath; closing of your throat; swelling of your lips, face, or tongue; or hives).

Mild itching, burning, or stinging may occur upon application.

Notify your doctor if your condition worsens or if unusual itching, redness, swelling, burning, or a rash occurs.

Side effects other than those listed here may also occur. Talk to your doctor about any side effect that seems unusual or that is especially bothersome. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

Crotamiton topical Dosing Information

Usual Adult Dose for Scabies:

Apply topically to entire body starting at the chin and working downwards. Be certain to apply to all folds and creases. Repeat application 24 hours after initial application. Change clothing and bed linen the following morning. Take a cleansing bath 48 hours after final application.

Usual Adult Dose for Pruritus:

Apply topically to affected area(s) massaging gently until completely absorbed. Repeat application as necessary.

What other drugs will affect crotamiton?

Do not apply other topical preparations to the affected area during treatment with crotamiton topical.

Drugs other than those listed here may also interact with crotamiton topical. Ask your doctor and pharmacist before taking any prescription or over-the-counter medicines.

More crotamiton topical resources Crotamiton topical Side Effects (in more detail) Crotamiton topical Dosage Crotamiton topical Use in Pregnancy & Breastfeeding Crotamiton topical Support Group 1 Review for Crotamiton - Add your own review/rating Eurax Prescribing Information (FDA) Eurax Monograph (AHFS DI) Eurax Topical Advanced Consumer (Micromedex) - Includes Dosage Information Eurax Cream MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer) Eurax Consumer Overview Compare crotamiton topical with other medications Pruritus Scabies Where can I get more information? Your pharmacist has additional information about crotamiton topical written for health professionals that you may read.

See also: crotamiton side effects (in more detail)


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Qutenza Patch


Pronunciation: kap-SAY-sin
Generic Name: Capsaicin
Brand Name: Qutenza
Qutenza Patch is used for:

Treating a certain type of nerve pain caused by the shingles (postherpetic neuralgia). It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.

Qutenza Patch is a TRVP1 channel agonist. It works by decreasing certain pain receptors on some nerve endings.

Do NOT use Qutenza Patch if: you are allergic to any ingredient in Qutenza Patch

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

Before using Qutenza Patch:

Some medical conditions may interact with Qutenza Patch. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances if you have broken or damaged skin at the application site if you have a history of high blood pressure, other heart problems, or recent heart attack or stroke

Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with Qutenza Patch. However, no specific interactions with Qutenza Patch are known at this time.

Ask your health care provider if Qutenza Patch may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

How to use Qutenza Patch:

Use Qutenza Patch as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

Qutenza Patch is usually applied at your doctor's office, hospital, or clinic. If you will be using Qutenza Patch at home, a health care provider will teach you how to use it. Be sure you understand how to use Qutenza Patch. Follow the procedures you are taught when you use it. Contact your health care provider if you have any questions. Do not remove the patch from the sealed pouch until right before use. You may receive other medicine to treat pain that occurs during and after your treatment with Qutenza Patch. Discuss any questions or concerns with your doctor. Do not touch the patch while it is on your skin. Burning or stinging may occur. If you miss a dose of Qutenza Patch, contact your doctor right away.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Qutenza Patch.

Important safety information: Do not use Qutenza Patch on the face or scalp. Do not get it in the eyes, nose, mouth, or genital area. If you get Qutenza Patch in any of these areas, rinse right away with cool water. Do not inhale any of Qutenza Patch. It may cause shortness of breath, coughing, or sneezing. Tell your health care provider if any of these symptoms occur. Do not get Qutenza Patch on skin that is not being treated. Tell your health care provider if Qutenza Patch comes into contact with skin that is not being treated. The treated area may be sensitive to heat (eg, hot showers or baths, direct sunlight, strong exercise) for a few days after Qutenza Patch is applied. Lab tests, including blood pressure, may be performed while you use Qutenza Patch. These tests may be used to monitor your condition or check for side effects. Be sure to keep all doctor and lab appointments. Qutenza Patch should be used with extreme caution in CHILDREN younger than 18 years old; safety and effectiveness in these children have not been confirmed. PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you become pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using Qutenza Patch while you are pregnant. It is not known if Qutenza Patch is found in breast milk. Do not breast-feed on the day of treatment after you have received your treatment with Qutenza Patch. Possible side effects of Qutenza Patch:

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:

Mild pain, redness, burning, or itching at the application site; mild sore throat; nausea.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); blisters or swelling at the application site; severe or persistent dizziness or headache; severe or persistent pain, redness, burning, or itching at the application site; shortness of breath, coughing, or sneezing.

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.

See also: Qutenza side effects (in more detail)

If OVERDOSE is suspected:

Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately.

Proper storage of Qutenza Patch:

Store Qutenza Patch between 68 and 77 degrees F (20 and 25 degrees C). Brief storage at temperatures between 59 and 86 degrees F (15 and 30 degrees C) is permitted. Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep Qutenza Patch out of the reach of children and away from pets.

General information: If you have any questions about Qutenza Patch, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider. Qutenza Patch is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people. If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor. Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.

This information is a summary only. It does not contain all information about Qutenza Patch. If you have questions about the medicine you are taking or would like more information, check with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.

Issue Date: February 1, 2012 Database Edition 12.1.1.002 Copyright © 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. More Qutenza resources Qutenza Side Effects (in more detail) Qutenza Use in Pregnancy & Breastfeeding Qutenza Drug Interactions Qutenza Support Group 1 Review for Qutenza - Add your own review/rating Compare Qutenza with other medications Osteoarthritis Pain Peripheral Neuropathy Persisting Pain, Shingles
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sodium iodide


Generic Name: sodium iodide (SOE dee um EYE oh dide)
Brand names: Iodopen, Iodides

What is sodium iodide?

Sodium iodide is a salt that is formed into an injectable medicine.

Sodium iodide is used to treat or prevent iodine deficiency caused by poor nutrition or poor absorption by the body.

Sodium iodide may also be used to treat a thyroid disorder.

Sodium iodide may also be used for other purposes not listed in this medication guide.

What is the most important information I should know about sodium iodide? You should not use this medication if you are allergic to sodium iodide.

Before using sodium iodide, tell your doctor if you have kidney disease, tuberculosis, a blood vessel disorder, a goiter, or a thyroid disorder that is not being treated with sodium iodide.

This medication may cause thyroid problems in an unborn baby, but the medication may sometimes be used during pregnancy. Your doctor should determine whether or not this medication is safe or if it will harm the unborn baby. Before you use sodium iodide, tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant during treatment. Serious side effects include swollen glands or swelling in your throat, severe headache, fast or pounding heart rate, feeling short of breath, or numbness or tingly feeling in your hands or feet. Sodium iodide may be only part of a complete program of treatment that also includes a special diet. It is very important to follow the diet plan created for you by your doctor or nutrition counselor. You should become very familiar with the list of foods you must eat to help control your condition. What should I discuss with my health care provider before using sodium iodide? You should not use this medication if you are allergic to sodium iodide.

If you have certain conditions, you may need a dose adjustment or special tests to safely use this medication. Before using sodium iodide, tell your doctor if you have:

kidney disease;

tuberculosis;

a blood vessel disorder such as vasculitis (swelling of your blood vessels);

a goiter; or

a thyroid disorder (unless you are being treated for thyroid disorder with sodium iodide).

This medication may cause thyroid problems in an unborn baby, but the medication may sometimes be used during pregnancy. Your doctor should determine whether or not this medication is safe or if it will harm the unborn baby. Before you use sodium iodide, tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant during treatment. Sodium iodide can pass into breast milk and may harm a nursing baby. Do not use this medication without telling your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby. How should I use sodium iodide?

Use this medication exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Do not use it in larger amounts or for longer than recommended. Follow the directions on your prescription label.

Sodium iodide injection is given as an injection through a needle placed into a vein. Your doctor, nurse, or other healthcare provider will give you this injection. You may be shown how to use your medicine at home. Do not self-inject this medicine if you do not fully understand how to give the injection and properly dispose of needles, IV tubing, and other items used in giving the medicine.

Use each disposable needle only one time. Throw away used needles in a puncture-proof container (ask your pharmacist where you can get one and how to dispose of it). Keep this container out of the reach of children and pets.

Sodium iodide may be only part of a complete program of treatment that also includes a special diet. It is very important to follow the diet plan created for you by your doctor or nutrition counselor. You should become very familiar with the list of foods you must eat to help control your condition. Store sodium iodide at room temperature away from moisture and heat. What happens if I miss a dose?

Use the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose, wait until then to use the medicine and skip the missed dose. Do not use extra medicine to make up the missed dose.

What happens if I overdose? Seek emergency medical attention if you think you have used too much of this medicine.

Overdose symptoms may include extreme weakness, burning or metallic taste in your mouth, or fast heart rate.

What should I avoid while using sodium iodide?

Follow your doctor's instructions about any restrictions on food, beverages, or activity while you are using sodium iodide.

Sodium iodide side effects Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat. Call your doctor at once if you have a serious side effect such as:

swollen glands or swelling in your throat;

severe headache;

fast, pounding, or uneven heart rate;

feeling short of breath; or

numbness, burning, pain, or tingly feeling in your hands or feet.

Less serious side effects may include:

unusual or unpleasant taste or burning in your mouth or throat;

heartburn;

mild skin rash or itching;

tender gums, tooth pain, mouth soreness;

weakness; or

changes in your menstrual periods.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Tell your doctor about any unusual or bothersome side effect. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What other drugs will affect sodium iodide?

Tell your doctor about all other medications you use, especially:

medicines that contain iodine such as Betadine;

lithium (Eskalith, Lithobid);

sodium iodide I-131 (Iodotope); or

medications to treat overactive thyroid, such as methimazole (Tapazole), propylthiouracil ("PTU"), and others.

This list is not complete and there may be other drugs that can interact with sodium iodide. Tell your doctor about all your prescription and over-the-counter medications, vitamins, minerals, herbal products, and drugs prescribed by other doctors. Do not start a new medication without telling your doctor.

More sodium iodide resources Sodium iodide Drug Interactions Sodium iodide Support Group 0 Reviews · Be the first to review/rate this drug sodium iodide Oral, Injection, Intravenous Advanced Consumer (Micromedex) - Includes Dosage Information Where can I get more information? Your doctor or pharmacist can provide more information about sodium iodide.
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Acular LS


Generic Name: ketorolac ophthalmic (KEE toe ROLE ak)
Brand Names: Acular, Acular LS, Acular PF, Acuvail

What is Acular LS (ketorolac ophthalmic)?

Ketorolac is in a group of drugs called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Ketorolac works by reducing hormones that cause inflammation and pain in the body.

Ketorolac ophthalmic (for the eye) is used to relieve eye itching caused by seasonal allergies.

Ketorolac ophthalmic is also used to reduce swelling, pain, and burning or stinging after cataract surgery or corneal refractive surgery.

Ketorolac ophthalmic may also be used for other purposes not listed in this medication guide.

What is the most important information I should know about Acular LS (ketorolac ophthalmic)? You should not use this medication if you are allergic to ketorolac or other NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs).

Before using ketorolac ophthalmic, tell your doctor if you are allergic to any medications, or if you have a bleeding or blood-clotting disorder, diabetes, arthritis, glaucoma, dry eye syndrome, or if you have had other recent eye surgeries.

Tell your doctor about all other medications you use, especially a blood thinner such as warfarin (Coumadin).

Use this medication exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Do not use it in larger amounts or for longer than recommended. Follow the directions on your prescription label. Using the medication for longer than prescribed may increase the risk of serious side effects on your eyes.

While you are using this medication, do not wear any contact lens that has not been approved by your doctor. Do not use any other eye medications unless your doctor has prescribed them. What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before I use Acular LS (ketorolac ophthalmic)? You should not use this medication if you are allergic to ketorolac or other NSAIDs.

If you have any of these other conditions, you may need a dose adjustment or special tests to safely use this medication:

a bleeding or blood-clotting disorder;

diabetes;

arthritis;

glaucoma;

dry eye syndrome; or

if you have had other recent eye surgeries.

FDA pregnancy category C. It is not known whether ketorolac ophthalmic is harmful to an unborn baby. Before taking this medication, tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant during treatment. It is not known whether ketorolac ophthalmic passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. Do not use ketorolac ophthalmic without telling your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby. How should I use Acular LS (ketorolac ophthalmic)?

Use this medication exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Do not use it in larger amounts or for longer than recommended. Follow the directions on your prescription label.

Ketorolac ophthalmic is usually given 24 hours before cataract surgery, and continued for up to 14 days after surgery. Using the medication for longer than prescribed may increase the risk of serious side effects on your eyes.

Wash your hands before using the eye drops.

To apply the eye drops:

Tilt your head back slightly and pull down your lower eyelid to create a small pocket. Hold the dropper above the eye with the dropper tip down. Look up and away from the dropper as you squeeze out a drop, then close your eye.

Gently press your finger to the inside corner of the eye (near your nose) for about 1 minute to keep the liquid from draining into your tear duct.

Use the eye drops only in the eye you are having surgery on.

Do not allow the dropper tip to touch any surface, including the eyes or hands. If the dropper becomes contaminated it could cause an infection in your eye, which can lead to vision loss or serious damage to the eye.

Do not use the eye drops if the liquid has changed colors or has particles in it. Call your doctor for a new prescription.

Store the drops at room temperature away from heat and moisture. Keep the bottle tightly closed when not in use. What happens if I miss a dose?

Use the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose, wait until then to use the medicine and skip the missed dose. Do not use extra medicine to make up the missed dose.

What happens if I overdose? Seek emergency medical attention if you think you have used too much of this medicine.

An overdose of ketorolac is not likely to cause life-threatening symptoms.

What should I avoid while using Acular LS (ketorolac ophthalmic)? While using this medication, do not wear any contact lens that has not been approved by your doctor.

Do not use any other eye medications unless your doctor has prescribed them.

Acular LS (ketorolac ophthalmic) side effects Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat. Call your doctor at once if you have a serious side effect such as:

severe burning, stinging, or itching of your eyes;

eye pain, redness, or watering;

vision changes, increased sensitivity to light;

white patches on your eyes; or

crusting or drainage from your eyes.

Less serious side effects may include:

mild burning, stinging, or itching of your eyes;

swollen or puffy eyelids; or

headache.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What other drugs will affect Acular LS (ketorolac ophthalmic)?

Tell your doctor about all other medications you use, especially a blood thinner such as warfarin (Coumadin).

This list is not complete and there may be other drugs that can interact with ketorolac ophthalmic. Tell your doctor about all your prescription and over-the-counter medications, vitamins, minerals, herbal products, and drugs prescribed by other doctors. Do not start a new medication without telling your doctor.

More Acular LS resources Acular LS Side Effects (in more detail)Acular LS Use in Pregnancy & BreastfeedingAcular LS Drug InteractionsAcular LS Support Group1 Review for Acular LS - Add your own review/rating Acular LS Prescribing Information (FDA) Acular LS Drops MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer) Acular LS Advanced Consumer (Micromedex) - Includes Dosage Information Acular Drops MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer) Acular Prescribing Information (FDA) Acular eent Monograph (AHFS DI) Acular PF Prescribing Information (FDA) Acular PF Drops MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer) Acuvail Prescribing Information (FDA) Acuvail Drops MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer) Acuvail Consumer Overview Compare Acular LS with other medications Corneal Refractive SurgeryPostoperative Ocular InflammationSeasonal Allergic Conjunctivitis Where can I get more information? Your doctor or pharmacist can provide more information about ketorolac ophthalmic.

See also: Acular LS side effects (in more detail)


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Acular


Generic Name: ketorolac ophthalmic (KEE toe ROLE ak)
Brand Names: Acular, Acular LS, Acular PF, Acuvail

What is Acular (ketorolac ophthalmic)?

Ketorolac is in a group of drugs called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Ketorolac works by reducing hormones that cause inflammation and pain in the body.

Ketorolac ophthalmic (for the eye) is used to relieve eye itching caused by seasonal allergies.

Ketorolac ophthalmic is also used to reduce swelling, pain, and burning or stinging after cataract surgery or corneal refractive surgery.

Ketorolac ophthalmic may also be used for other purposes not listed in this medication guide.

What is the most important information I should know about Acular (ketorolac ophthalmic)? You should not use this medication if you are allergic to ketorolac or other NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs).

Before using ketorolac ophthalmic, tell your doctor if you are allergic to any medications, or if you have a bleeding or blood-clotting disorder, diabetes, arthritis, glaucoma, dry eye syndrome, or if you have had other recent eye surgeries.

Tell your doctor about all other medications you use, especially a blood thinner such as warfarin (Coumadin).

Use this medication exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Do not use it in larger amounts or for longer than recommended. Follow the directions on your prescription label. Using the medication for longer than prescribed may increase the risk of serious side effects on your eyes.

While you are using this medication, do not wear any contact lens that has not been approved by your doctor. Do not use any other eye medications unless your doctor has prescribed them. What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before I use Acular (ketorolac ophthalmic)? You should not use this medication if you are allergic to ketorolac or other NSAIDs.

If you have any of these other conditions, you may need a dose adjustment or special tests to safely use this medication:

a bleeding or blood-clotting disorder;

diabetes;

arthritis;

glaucoma;

dry eye syndrome; or

if you have had other recent eye surgeries.

FDA pregnancy category C. It is not known whether ketorolac ophthalmic is harmful to an unborn baby. Before taking this medication, tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant during treatment. It is not known whether ketorolac ophthalmic passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. Do not use ketorolac ophthalmic without telling your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby. How should I use Acular (ketorolac ophthalmic)?

Use this medication exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Do not use it in larger amounts or for longer than recommended. Follow the directions on your prescription label.

Ketorolac ophthalmic is usually given 24 hours before cataract surgery, and continued for up to 14 days after surgery. Using the medication for longer than prescribed may increase the risk of serious side effects on your eyes.

Wash your hands before using the eye drops.

To apply the eye drops:

Tilt your head back slightly and pull down your lower eyelid to create a small pocket. Hold the dropper above the eye with the dropper tip down. Look up and away from the dropper as you squeeze out a drop, then close your eye.

Gently press your finger to the inside corner of the eye (near your nose) for about 1 minute to keep the liquid from draining into your tear duct.

Use the eye drops only in the eye you are having surgery on.

Do not allow the dropper tip to touch any surface, including the eyes or hands. If the dropper becomes contaminated it could cause an infection in your eye, which can lead to vision loss or serious damage to the eye.

Do not use the eye drops if the liquid has changed colors or has particles in it. Call your doctor for a new prescription.

Store the drops at room temperature away from heat and moisture. Keep the bottle tightly closed when not in use. What happens if I miss a dose?

Use the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose, wait until then to use the medicine and skip the missed dose. Do not use extra medicine to make up the missed dose.

What happens if I overdose? Seek emergency medical attention if you think you have used too much of this medicine.

An overdose of ketorolac is not likely to cause life-threatening symptoms.

What should I avoid while using Acular (ketorolac ophthalmic)? While using this medication, do not wear any contact lens that has not been approved by your doctor.

Do not use any other eye medications unless your doctor has prescribed them.

Acular (ketorolac ophthalmic) side effects Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat. Call your doctor at once if you have a serious side effect such as:

severe burning, stinging, or itching of your eyes;

eye pain, redness, or watering;

vision changes, increased sensitivity to light;

white patches on your eyes; or

crusting or drainage from your eyes.

Less serious side effects may include:

mild burning, stinging, or itching of your eyes;

swollen or puffy eyelids; or

headache.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What other drugs will affect Acular (ketorolac ophthalmic)?

Tell your doctor about all other medications you use, especially a blood thinner such as warfarin (Coumadin).

This list is not complete and there may be other drugs that can interact with ketorolac ophthalmic. Tell your doctor about all your prescription and over-the-counter medications, vitamins, minerals, herbal products, and drugs prescribed by other doctors. Do not start a new medication without telling your doctor.

More Acular resources Acular Side Effects (in more detail) Acular Use in Pregnancy & Breastfeeding Acular Drug Interactions Acular Support Group 0 Reviews for Acular - Add your own review/rating Acular Prescribing Information (FDA) Acular eent Monograph (AHFS DI) Acular Advanced Consumer (Micromedex) - Includes Dosage Information Acular Drops MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer) Acular LS Prescribing Information (FDA) Acular LS Drops MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer) Acular PF Prescribing Information (FDA) Acular PF Drops MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer) Acuvail Prescribing Information (FDA) Acuvail Drops MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer) Acuvail Consumer Overview Compare Acular with other medications Corneal Refractive Surgery Postoperative Ocular Inflammation Seasonal Allergic Conjunctivitis Where can I get more information? Your doctor or pharmacist can provide more information about ketorolac ophthalmic.

See also: Acular side effects (in more detail)


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