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Abdominal Distension Medications


Definition of Abdominal Distension: Abdominal distension is a condition in which the abdomen (belly) feels full and tight. More...

Drugs associated with Abdominal Distension

The following drugs and medications are in some way related to, or used in the treatment of Abdominal Distension. This service should be used as a supplement to, and NOT a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge and judgment of healthcare practitioners.

Topics under Abdominal Distension Abdominal Distension Prior to Abdominal X-ray (1 drug) Gastroparesis (4 drugs) Postoperative Gas Pains (24 drugs) Learn more about Abdominal Distension

Medical Encyclopedia:

Abdominal bloating
Drug List: Aqua-Ban Aqua-Ban-With-Pamabrom Duvoid Urecholine
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Citrucel Lax


Generic Name: methylcellulose (METH il SEL yoo los)
Brand Names: Citrucel, Citrucel Clear Mix, Citrucel Food Pack, Citrucel Lax, Citrucel SF

What is Citrucel Lax (methylcellulose)?

Methylcellulose is a bulk-forming laxative. Methylcellulose absorbs liquid in the intestines and makes a bulky, softer stool which is easier to pass.

Methylcellulose helps relieve constipation and to maintain regularity.

Methylcellulose may also have uses other than those listed in this product guide.

What is the most important information I should know about Citrucel Lax (methylcellulose)? Do not use methylcellulose without first talking to your doctor if you have stomach (abdominal) pain, nausea, vomiting, or difficulty swallowing. Taking methylcellulose without enough liquid may cause it to swell in the throat and cause choking. If you experience chest pain, vomiting, difficulty swallowing, or difficulty breathing after taking methylcellulose, seek immediate medical attention. What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking Citrucel Lax (methylcellulose)? Do not take methylcellulose without first talking to your doctor if you have

stomach (abdominal) pain, nausea, or vomiting;

difficulty swallowing; or

intestinal obstruction or fecal impaction.

You may not be able to take methylcellulose or you may require special monitoring while taking methylcellulose if you have any of the conditions listed above.

Each level scoop of sugar-free methylcellulose powder contains 52 mg of phenylalanine. Individuals with phenylketonuria may need to monitor their intake of this additive.

Talk to your doctor before taking methylcellulose if you are pregnant or breast-feeding a baby. How should I take Citrucel Lax (methylcellulose)?

Take methylcellulose exactly as directed by your doctor. If you do not understand these directions, ask your pharmacist, nurse, or doctor to explain them to you.

Take methylcellulose capsules with a full glass (at least 8 ounces) of water or another liquid.

Mix methylcellulose powder with at least 8 ounces of water or another noncarbonated beverage. Mix briskly and drink promptly.

Taking methylcellulose without enough liquid may cause it to swell in the throat and cause choking.

If methylcellulose has produced no effect within one week or if rectal bleeding occurs, stop taking methylcellulose and contact your doctor. Do not take more methylcellulose than is recommended or for longer than one week except under the direction of your doctor.

If you experience chest pain, vomiting, difficulty swallowing, or difficulty breathing after taking methylcellulose, seek immediate medical attention. Store methylcellulose at room temperature away from moisture and heat. What happens if I miss a dose?

Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. However, if it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and take only the next regularly scheduled dose. Do not take a double dose.

What happens if I overdose? Seek emergency medical attention if an overdose is suspected.

Symptoms of a methylcellulose overdose are not known.

What should I avoid while taking Citrucel Lax (methylcellulose)?

There are no restrictions on foods, beverages, or activities during treatment with methylcellulose unless otherwise directed by your healthcare provider.

Citrucel Lax (methylcellulose) side effects If you experience any of the following uncommon but serious side effects, stop taking methylcellulose and seek medical treatment or contact your doctor immediately:

an allergic reaction (difficulty breathing; closing of the throat; swelling of the lips, tongue, or face; or hives);

chest pain;

difficulty swallowing;

rectal bleeding; or

severe abdominal pain, nausea or vomiting.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What other drugs will affect Citrucel Lax (methylcellulose)?

Methylcellulose can interact with other medications. Before taking methylcellulose, talk to your doctor if you are taking any prescription or over-the-counter medicines. You may not be able to take methylcellulose, or you may require a dosage adjustment or special monitoring if you are taking any other medicines.

More Citrucel Lax resources Citrucel Lax Side Effects (in more detail) Citrucel Lax Use in Pregnancy & Breastfeeding Citrucel Lax Drug Interactions Citrucel Lax Support Group 0 Reviews for Citrucel Lax - Add your own review/rating Citrucel Prescribing Information (FDA) Citrucel MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer) Compare Citrucel Lax with other medications Constipation Where can I get more information? Your pharmacist has more information about methylcellulose written for health professionals that you may read.

See also: Citrucel Lax side effects (in more detail)


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methylcellulose


Generic Name: methylcellulose (METH il SEL yoo los)
Brand Names: Citrucel, Citrucel Clear Mix, Citrucel Food Pack, Citrucel Lax, Citrucel SF

What is methylcellulose?

Methylcellulose is a bulk-forming laxative. Methylcellulose absorbs liquid in the intestines and makes a bulky, softer stool which is easier to pass.

Methylcellulose helps relieve constipation and to maintain regularity.

Methylcellulose may also have uses other than those listed in this product guide.

What is the most important information I should know about methylcellulose? Do not use methylcellulose without first talking to your doctor if you have stomach (abdominal) pain, nausea, vomiting, or difficulty swallowing. Taking methylcellulose without enough liquid may cause it to swell in the throat and cause choking. If you experience chest pain, vomiting, difficulty swallowing, or difficulty breathing after taking methylcellulose, seek immediate medical attention. What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking methylcellulose? Do not take methylcellulose without first talking to your doctor if you have

stomach (abdominal) pain, nausea, or vomiting;

difficulty swallowing; or

intestinal obstruction or fecal impaction.

You may not be able to take methylcellulose or you may require special monitoring while taking methylcellulose if you have any of the conditions listed above.

Each level scoop of sugar-free methylcellulose powder contains 52 mg of phenylalanine. Individuals with phenylketonuria may need to monitor their intake of this additive.

Talk to your doctor before taking methylcellulose if you are pregnant or breast-feeding a baby. How should I take methylcellulose?

Take methylcellulose exactly as directed by your doctor. If you do not understand these directions, ask your pharmacist, nurse, or doctor to explain them to you.

Take methylcellulose capsules with a full glass (at least 8 ounces) of water or another liquid.

Mix methylcellulose powder with at least 8 ounces of water or another noncarbonated beverage. Mix briskly and drink promptly.

Taking methylcellulose without enough liquid may cause it to swell in the throat and cause choking.

If methylcellulose has produced no effect within one week or if rectal bleeding occurs, stop taking methylcellulose and contact your doctor. Do not take more methylcellulose than is recommended or for longer than one week except under the direction of your doctor.

If you experience chest pain, vomiting, difficulty swallowing, or difficulty breathing after taking methylcellulose, seek immediate medical attention. Store methylcellulose at room temperature away from moisture and heat. What happens if I miss a dose?

Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. However, if it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and take only the next regularly scheduled dose. Do not take a double dose.

What happens if I overdose? Seek emergency medical attention if an overdose is suspected.

Symptoms of a methylcellulose overdose are not known.

What should I avoid while taking methylcellulose?

There are no restrictions on foods, beverages, or activities during treatment with methylcellulose unless otherwise directed by your healthcare provider.

Methylcellulose side effects If you experience any of the following uncommon but serious side effects, stop taking methylcellulose and seek medical treatment or contact your doctor immediately:

an allergic reaction (difficulty breathing; closing of the throat; swelling of the lips, tongue, or face; or hives);

chest pain;

difficulty swallowing;

rectal bleeding; or

severe abdominal pain, nausea or vomiting.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

Methylcellulose Dosing Information

Usual Adult Dose for Constipation:

2 tablets (1000 mg) orally with 8 oz of liquid up to 6 times a day, or 1 heaping tablespoonful (19 g) of powder dissolved in 8 oz of cold water orally up to 3 times a day, or 1 heaping tablespoonful (10.2 g) of sugar-free powder dissolved in 8 oz of cold water orally up to 3 times a day.

Usual Pediatric Dose for Constipation:

6 to 12 years:
1 tablet (500 mg) orally with 8 oz of liquid up to 6 times a day, or one-half tablespoonful (9.5 g) of powder dissolved in 8 oz of cold water orally once a day, or one-half tablespoonful (5.1 g) of sugar-free powder dissolved in 8 oz of cold water orally once a day. The mixture should be administered promptly, and drinking another glass of water is highly recommended.
>12 years:
oral tablet:
2 tablets (1000 mg) orally with 8 oz of liquid up to 6 times a day, or 1 heaping tablespoonful (19 g) of powder dissolved in 8 oz of cold water orally up to 3 times a day, or 1 heaping tablespoonful (10.2 g) of sugar-free powder dissolved in 8 oz of cold water orally up to 3 times a day.

What other drugs will affect methylcellulose?

Methylcellulose can interact with other medications. Before taking methylcellulose, talk to your doctor if you are taking any prescription or over-the-counter medicines. You may not be able to take methylcellulose, or you may require a dosage adjustment or special monitoring if you are taking any other medicines.

More methylcellulose resources Methylcellulose Side Effects (in more detail) Methylcellulose Use in Pregnancy & Breastfeeding Methylcellulose Drug Interactions Methylcellulose Support Group 2 Reviews for Methylcellulose - Add your own review/rating Methylcellulose MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer) Citrucel Prescribing Information (FDA) Compare methylcellulose with other medications Constipation Where can I get more information? Your pharmacist has more information about methylcellulose written for health professionals that you may read.

See also: methylcellulose side effects (in more detail)


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Triveen-CF NAC


Pronunciation: meth-ill-FOE-late/meth-ill-koe-BAL-a-min/a-se-teel-SIS-teen
Generic Name: L-Methylfolate/Methylcobalamin/N-Acetylcysteine
Brand Name: Examples include Cerefolin with NAC and Triveen-CF NAC
Triveen-CF NAC is used for:

Supplying nutritional requirements of certain patients with neurovascular oxidative stress or high blood levels of homocysteine. It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.

Triveen-CF NAC is a nutritional supplement. It works by providing the body with folate, vitamin B12, and a form of antioxidant, which helps to reduce or eliminate oxidative stress and lower homocysteine levels.

Do NOT use Triveen-CF NAC if: you are allergic to any ingredient in Triveen-CF NAC you are very ill

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

Before using Triveen-CF NAC:

Some medical conditions may interact with Triveen-CF NAC. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances if you have anemia, liver problems, kidney stones, or a history of ulcers

Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with Triveen-CF NAC. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:

Antibiotics (eg, penicillin, cephalexin, ciprofloxacin), cholestyramine, colchicine, colestipol, metformin, nitrous oxide, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) (eg, ibuprofen), para-aminosalicylic acid, potassium chloride, or sulfasalazine because they may decrease the effectiveness of Triveen-CF NAC Fluorouracil or nitrates (eg, nitroglycerin) because their side effects may be increased Barbiturates (eg, phenobarbital), carbamazepine, hydantoins (eg, phenytoin), primidone, pyrimethamine, or valproic acid because their effectiveness may be decreased by Triveen-CF NAC

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Triveen-CF NAC may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

How to use Triveen-CF NAC:

Use Triveen-CF NAC as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

Triveen-CF NAC may be taken with or without food. If you miss a dose of Triveen-CF NAC, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Triveen-CF NAC.

Important safety information: Diabetes patients - Triveen-CF NAC may cause incorrect test results with some ketone tests. Check with your doctor before you adjust the dose of your diabetes medicine or change your diet. Triveen-CF NAC is not recommended for use in CHILDREN younger than 12 years of age. Safety and effectiveness in this age group have not been confirmed. PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you become pregnant while taking Triveen-CF NAC, discuss with your doctor the benefits and risks of using Triveen-CF NAC during pregnancy. Triveen-CF NAC is excreted in breast milk. Do not breastfeed while you are taking Triveen-CF NAC. Possible side effects of Triveen-CF NAC:

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:

Bloated feeling; headache; itching; mild diarrhea; mild fever; nausea; vomiting.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); lower back or side pain.

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.

If OVERDOSE is suspected:

Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately.

Proper storage of Triveen-CF NAC:

Store Triveen-CF NAC at room temperature, between 59 and 86 degrees F (15 and 30 degrees C). Store away from heat, light, and moisture. Keep Triveen-CF NAC out of the reach of children and away from pets.

General information: If you have any questions about Triveen-CF NAC, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider. Triveen-CF NAC is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people. If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor. Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.

This information is a summary only. It does not contain all information about Triveen-CF NAC. If you have questions about the medicine you are taking or would like more information, check with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.

Issue Date: February 1, 2012 Database Edition 12.1.1.002 Copyright © 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. More Triveen-CF NAC resources Triveen-CF NAC Use in Pregnancy & Breastfeeding Triveen-CF NAC Drug Interactions Triveen-CF NAC Support Group 4 Reviews for Triveen-CF NAC - Add your own review/rating Compare Triveen-CF NAC with other medications Dietary Supplementation Hyperhomocysteinemia
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chondroitin, glucosamine, and methylsulfonylmethane


Generic Name: chondroitin, glucosamine, and methylsulfonylmethane (kon DROI tin, gloo KOSE a meen, and METH il sul FON il METH ane)
Brand names: Glucosamine & Chondroitin with MSM, Glucosamine Chondroitin MSM Complex, Osteo Bi-Flex Advanced, Osteo Bi-Flex Plus MSM, Glucosamine & Chondroitin with MSM

What is chondroitin, glucosamine, and methylsulfonylmethane?

Chondroitin is a naturally occurring substance formed of sugar chains. Chondroitin is believed to help the body maintain fluid and flexibility in the joints.

Glucosamine is a naturally occurring substance that is believed to help develop and renew cartilage (the hard connective tissue mainly located on bones near joints in the body), and keep it lubricated for better joint movement and flexibility.

Methylsulfonylmethane is a naturally occurring form of sulfur that helps support muscles and tendons in the body.

The combination of chondroitin, glucosamine, and methylsulfonylmethane is used to aid in maintaining healthy joints. It is also used as a nutritional supplement in people with osteoarthritis or other inflammatory joint disorders.

Not all uses for chondroitin, glucosamine, and methylsulfonylmethane have been approved by the FDA. Chondroitin, glucosamine, and methylsulfonylmethane should not be used in place of medication prescribed for you by your doctor.

Chondroitin, glucosamine, and methylsulfonylmethane is often sold as an herbal supplement. There are no regulated manufacturing standards in place for many herbal compounds and some marketed supplements have been found to be contaminated with toxic metals or other drugs. Herbal/health supplements should be purchased from a reliable source to minimize the risk of contamination.

Chondroitin, glucosamine, and methylsulfonylmethane may also be used for purposes not listed in this product guide.

What is the most important information I should know about chondroitin, glucosamine, and methylsulfonylmethane? Not all uses for this product have been approved by the FDA. Chondroitin, glucosamine, and methylsulfonylmethane should not be used in place of medication prescribed for you by your doctor.

Chondroitin, glucosamine, and methylsulfonylmethane is often sold as an herbal supplement. There are no regulated manufacturing standards in place for many herbal compounds and some marketed supplements have been found to be contaminated with toxic metals or other drugs. Herbal/health supplements should be purchased from a reliable source to minimize the risk of contamination.

Before using this product, talk to your doctor, pharmacist, herbalist, or other healthcare provider. You may not be able to use chondroitin, glucosamine, and methylsulfonylmethane if you have diabetes, a bleeding or blood clotting disorder such as hemophilia, if you have allergies to certain drugs, if you are overweight, or if you are on a low-salt diet.

Do not take chondroitin, glucosamine, and methylsulfonylmethane without the medical advice if you are using insulin, or a blood thinner such as warfarin (Coumadin, Jantoven). Avoid taking chitosan (usually marketed as a weight-loss product) while you are taking chondroitin, glucosamine, and methylsulfonylmethane. Chitosan can make it harder for your body to absorb chondroitin. What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking chondroitin, glucosamine, and methylsulfonylmethane? You should not use this product if you are allergic to it.

Ask a doctor, pharmacist, herbalist, or other healthcare provider if it is safe for you to use this product if you have:

diabetes;

a bleeding or blood clotting disorder such as hemophilia;

if you have allergies to certain drugs;

if you are overweight; or

if you are on a low-salt diet.

It is not known whether chondroitin, glucosamine, and methylsulfonylmethane will harm an unborn baby. Tell your healthcare provider if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant while using this product. It is not known whether chondroitin, glucosamine, and methylsulfonylmethane passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. Do not use this product without telling your healthcare provider if you are breast-feeding a baby. How should I take chondroitin, glucosamine, and methylsulfonylmethane?

When considering the use of herbal supplements, seek the advice of your doctor. You may also consider consulting a practitioner who is trained in the use of herbal/health supplements.

If you choose to use chondroitin, glucosamine, and methylsulfonylmethane, use it as directed on the package or as directed by your doctor, pharmacist, or other healthcare provider. Do not use more of this product than is recommended on the label.

It may take up several weeks before your symptoms improve. Keep using the medication as directed and tell your doctor if your symptoms do not improve after a few weeks of treatment.

Glucosamine may increase the glucose (sugar) levels in your blood. If you have diabetes, you may need to check your blood sugar more often while taking this medication. You may also need to adjust your insulin dosage. Do not change your dose or medication schedule without advice from your doctor.

Chondroitin, glucosamine, and methylsulfonylmethane may be only part of a complete program of treatment that also includes diet, exercise, and weight control. Follow your diet, medication, and exercise routines very closely.

Store at room temperature away from moisture, heat, and light. What happens if I miss a dose?

Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. Skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next scheduled dose. Do not take extra medicine to make up the missed dose.

What happens if I overdose? Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222. What should I avoid while taking chondroitin, glucosamine, and methylsulfonylmethane? Avoid taking chitosan (usually marketed as a weight-loss product) while you are taking chondroitin, glucosamine, and methylsulfonylmethane. Chitosan can make it harder for your body to absorb chondroitin. Chondroitin, glucosamine, and methylsulfonylmethane side effects Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Less serious side effects may include:

mild nausea, upset stomach;

heartburn; or

diarrhea.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What other drugs will affect chondroitin, glucosamine, and methylsulfonylmethane?

Tell your doctor about all other medicines you use, especially:

insulin; or

a blood thinner such as warfarin (Coumadin, Jantoven).

This list is not complete and other drugs may interact with chondroitin, glucosamine, and methylsulfonylmethane. Tell your healthcare provider about all medications you use. This includes prescription, over-the-counter, vitamin, and herbal products. Do not start a new medication without telling your doctor.

More chondroitin, glucosamine, and methylsulfonylmethane resources Chondroitin, glucosamine, and methylsulfonylmethane Drug Interactions Chondroitin, glucosamine, and methylsulfonylmethane Support Group 1 Review for Chondroitin, glucosamine, and methylsulfonylmethane - Add your own review/rating Compare chondroitin, glucosamine, and methylsulfonylmethane with other medications Dietary Supplementation Osteoarthritis Where can I get more information? Consult with a licensed healthcare professional before using any herbal/health supplement. Whether you are treated by a medical doctor or a practitioner trained in the use of natural medicines/supplements, make sure all your healthcare providers know about all of your medical conditions and treatments.
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Antidiuretic hormones


A drug may be classified by the chemical type of the active ingredient or by the way it is used to treat a particular condition. Each drug can be classified into one or more drug classes.

Antidiuretic hormone, also known as vasopressin is a hormone released by the posterior pituitary. It is important mainly for its actions on the kidneys where it increases the re-absorption of water. Vasopressin is also a powerful vasoconstrictor. Its effects are through two types of receptors, V1 and V2.

Water retention is mediated through V2 receptors, occurs at low plasma concentrations of vasopressin and is due to activation of adenylate cyclase and increased cAMP production in the collecting ducts of the nephrons. It increases the permeability of the membrane to water.

Vasopressin causes contraction of smooth muscle, mainly in the cardiovascular system. Vasocontriction occurs by mediation of V1 receptors and requires higher concentrations if vasopressin.

See also

Medical conditions associated with antidiuretic hormones:

Abdominal Distension Prior to Abdominal X-ray Asystole Diabetes Insipidus Esophageal Varices with Bleeding Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage Hemophilia A Postoperative Gas Pains Primary Nocturnal Enuresis Ventricular Fibrillation Ventricular Tachycardia von Willebrand's Disease Drug List: Stimate-Spray Ddavp Ddavp-Nasal-Spray Ddavp-Rhinal-Tube-Nasal Minirin-Spray Pitressin
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Citrucel


Pronunciation: meth-ill-SELL-yoo-lose
Generic Name: Methylcellulose
Brand Name: Citrucel
Citrucel is used for:

Treating constipation and restoring regularity. It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.

Citrucel is a bulk-forming laxative. It works by absorbing water and swelling in the intestines. This helps the stool form the bulk necessary to be easily passed.

Do NOT use Citrucel if: you are allergic to any ingredient in Citrucel you have appendicitis, difficulty swallowing, intestinal blockage, severe constipation, or rectal bleeding of unknown cause

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

Before using Citrucel:

Some medical conditions may interact with Citrucel. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances if you have stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, or a history of intestinal blockage if you have a sudden change in bowel habits that lasts for 2 weeks

Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with Citrucel. However, no specific interactions with Citrucel are known at this time.

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Citrucel may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

How to use Citrucel:

Use Citrucel as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

Citrucel may be taken with or without food. Take each dose with a full glass (at least 8 ounces/240 mL) of liquid. Taking this product without enough liquid may cause choking. Take Citrucel 2 or more hours before or after other medicines. If you miss a dose of Citrucel, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Citrucel.

Important safety information: Taking Citrucel without enough fluid may cause it to swell and block your throat or esophagus and may cause choking. Do not take Citrucel if you have difficulty swallowing. If you experience chest pain, vomiting, or difficulty swallowing or breathing, seek medical attention immediately. Do not exceed the recommended dose or use Citrucel for longer than 1 week unless directed by your doctor. If your symptoms do not improve within 1 week or if they become worse, check with your doctor. Do not take additional laxatives or stool softeners with Citrucel unless directed by your doctor. Citrucel usually takes 12 hours to 3 days to produce a bowel movement. Stop use and contact your doctor if you have rectal bleeding or no bowel movement after use. These could be signs of a serious condition. If you develop stomach pain, nausea, or vomiting, contact your doctor. Do not use any more of Citrucel until you have checked with your doctor. If you notice a sudden change in bowel habits that lasts for 2 weeks or more, check with your doctor. Citrucel is not recommended for use in CHILDREN younger than 6 years of age without first checking with your doctor. Safety and effectiveness in this age group have not been confirmed. PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you become pregnant while taking Citrucel, discuss with your doctor the benefits and risks of using Citrucel during pregnancy. It is unknown if Citrucel is excreted in breast milk. If you are or will be breast-feeding while you are using Citrucel, check with your doctor or pharmacist to discuss the risks to your baby. Possible side effects of Citrucel:

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:

Abdominal fullness.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); chest pain; difficulty swallowing; nausea; rectal bleeding; stomach pain; vomiting.

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.

See also: Citrucel side effects (in more detail)

If OVERDOSE is suspected:

Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately.

Proper storage of Citrucel:

Store Citrucel at room temperature, between 59 and 86 degrees F (15 and 30 degrees C). Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep Citrucel out of the reach of children and away from pets.

General information: If you have any questions about Citrucel, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider. Citrucel is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people. If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor. Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.

This information is a summary only. It does not contain all information about Citrucel. If you have questions about the medicine you are taking or would like more information, check with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.

Issue Date: February 1, 2012 Database Edition 12.1.1.002 Copyright © 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. More Citrucel resources Citrucel Side Effects (in more detail) Citrucel Use in Pregnancy & Breastfeeding Citrucel Drug Interactions Citrucel Support Group 0 Reviews for Citrucel - Add your own review/rating Citrucel Prescribing Information (FDA) Citrucel Concise Consumer Information (Cerner Multum) Compare Citrucel with other medications Constipation
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Aortic Coarctation Medications


There are currently no drugs listed for "Aortic Coarctation".

Definition of Aortic Coarctation: Most frequent cause of PVH and congestive heart failure in 2nd and 3rd weeks of life associated with, bicuspid aortic valve (50-80%), calcific aortic stenosis (due to bicuspid valve), patent ductus arteriosus or VSD (in most) see also: abdominal aortic coarctation. More...

Learn more about Aortic Coarctation

Micromedex Care Notes:

Coarctation Of The Aorta

Medical Encyclopedia:

Coarctation of the aorta Aortic arch syndrome
Drug List:
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pyrimethamine


Generic Name: pyrimethamine (PIR i METH a meen)
Brand Names: Daraprim

What is pyrimethamine?

Pyrimethamine is an antiparasitic drug. It prevents the growth and reproduction of parasites.

Pyrimethamine is used to treat and prevent malaria. Pyrimethamine is also used in the treatment of toxoplasmosis.

Pyrimethamine may also be used for purposes other than those listed in this medication guide.

What is the most important information I should know about pyrimethamine? Stop taking pyrimethamine and seek medical attention at the first sign of a skin rash, sore throat, paleness of the skin, unusual bruising under the skin, or swelling of the tongue. These may be early symptoms of serious side effects of pyrimethamine. Pyrimethamine may cause stomach upset or vomiting. Take each dose with food to lessen this side effect. What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking pyrimethamine?

Before taking pyrimethamine, tell your doctor if you have

had an allergic reaction to previous treatment with pyrimethamine,

megaloblastic anemia due to folate deficiency,

seizures or epilepsy,

kidney disease, or liver disease.

You may not be able to take pyrimethamine, or you may require a dosage adjustment or special monitoring during treatment if you have any of the conditions listed above.

Pyrimethamine is in the FDA pregnancy category C. This means that it is not known whether pyrimethamine will be harmful to an unborn baby. Do not take pyrimethamine without first talking to your doctor if you are pregnant or could become pregnant during treatment. Pyrimethamine passes into breast milk and may be harmful to a nursing infant. Do not take pyrimethamine without first talking to your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby. How should I take pyrimethamine?

Take pyrimethamine exactly as directed by your doctor. If you do not understand these directions, ask your pharmacist, nurse, or doctor to explain them to you.

Take each dose with a full glass of water. Take pyrimethamine with food to lessen stomach upset. Store pyrimethamine at room temperature away from moisture and heat.

See also: Pyrimethamine dosage (in more detail)

What happens if I miss a dose?

Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. However, if it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and only take the next regularly scheduled dose. Do not take a double dose of the medication.

What happens if I overdose? Seek emergency medical attention.

Symptoms of a pyrimethamine overdose may include abdominal pain, nausea, severe vomiting (possibly with blood in the vomit), anxiety or excitability, and seizures.

What should I avoid while taking pyrimethamine?

There are no restrictions on foods, beverages, or activities during treatment with pyrimethamine unless otherwise directed by your doctor.

Pyrimethamine side effects Stop taking pyrimethamine and seek emergency medical attention if you experience an allergic reaction (swelling of the lips, tongue, or face; difficulty breathing; closing of the throat; or hives) during treatment with pyrimethamine. Stop taking pyrimethamine and seek medical attention at the first sign of a skin rash, sore throat, paleness of the skin, unusual bruising under the skin, or swelling of the tongue. These may be early symptoms of serious side effects of pyrimethamine.

Other, less serious side effects may be more likely to occur. Continue to take pyrimethamine and talk to your doctor if you experience

nausea, vomiting, or loss of appetite;

insomnia;

headache;

lightheadedness; or

dryness of the mouth.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

Pyrimethamine Dosing Information

Usual Adult Dose for Malaria Prophylaxis:

25 mg orally once a week. Prophylaxis should begin one week prior to departure and continue for at least 6 to 10 weeks following exposure.

Usual Adult Dose for Toxoplasmosis:

Initially: 50 to 75 mg orally once a day with 1 to 4 g of a sulfonamide (e.g., sulfadoxine, sulfadiazine). Continue for 1 to 3 weeks, depending on response and tolerance. Dosage for each drug may then be reduced by one-half and continued for an additional 4 or 5 weeks. Patients receiving pyrimethamine should also receive folinic acid.

Usual Adult Dose for Toxoplasmosis -- Prophylaxis:

1 mg/kg or 15 mg/m2 (max 25 mg) orally every day plus folinic acid (leucovorin) 5 mg orally every 3 days plus sulfadiazine 85 to 120 mg/kg/day divided into 2 to 4 oral doses. Clindamycin 20 to 30 mg/kg/day may be used in place of sulfadiazine as an alternative regimen.

Usual Adult Dose for Pneumocystis Pneumonia Prophylaxis:

50 to 75 mg orally once a week. Pyrimethamine is used in combination with dapsone and leucovorin. This is considered an alternative regimen for patients who do not tolerate trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole.

Usual Pediatric Dose for Malaria Prophylaxis:

Less than 4 years: 6.25 mg orally once a week.
4 to 10 years: 12.5 mg orally once a week.

Usual Pediatric Dose for Toxoplasmosis:

Newborns and infants:
Initial: 2 mg/kg/day orally divided every 12 hours for 2 days, then 1 mg/kg/day once daily given with sulfadiazine for the first 6 months; next 6 months: 1 mg/kg/day 3 times per week with sulfadiazine; oral folinic acid 5 to 10 mg 3 times per week should be administered to prevent hematological toxicity.
1 to 12 years: 2 mg/kg/day divided every 12 hours for 3 days followed by 1 mg/kg/day (maximum 25 mg/day) once daily or divided twice daily for 4 weeks given with sulfadiazine; oral folinic acid 5 to 10 mg 3 times per week should be administered to prevent hematological toxicity.

What other drugs will affect pyrimethamine?

Before taking pyrimethamine, tell your doctor if you are taking any of the following medicines:

auranofin (Ridaura);

aurothioglucose (Solganal); or

or gold sodium thiomalate (Aurolate, Myochrysine).

You may not be able to take pyrimethamine, or you may require a dosage adjustment or special monitoring during treatment.

Drugs other than those listed here may also interact with pyrimethamine. Talk to your doctor and pharmacist before taking any prescription or over-the-counter medicines, including herbal products.

More pyrimethamine resources Pyrimethamine Side Effects (in more detail) Pyrimethamine Dosage Pyrimethamine Use in Pregnancy & Breastfeeding Pyrimethamine Drug Interactions Pyrimethamine Support Group 0 Reviews for Pyrimethamine - Add your own review/rating pyrimethamine Advanced Consumer (Micromedex) - Includes Dosage Information Pyrimethamine Professional Patient Advice (Wolters Kluwer) Pyrimethamine MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer) Daraprim Prescribing Information (FDA) Daraprim Monograph (AHFS DI) Compare pyrimethamine with other medications Malaria Prevention Pneumocystis Pneumonia Prophylaxis Toxoplasmosis Toxoplasmosis, Prophylaxis Where can I get more information? Your pharmacist can provide more information about pyrimethamine.

See also: pyrimethamine side effects (in more detail)


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Usept


Pronunciation: bell-a-DON-a/meth-EN-a-meen/METH-i-leen/FEN-ill sa-LI-si-late
Generic Name: Belladonna Alkaloids/Methenamine/Methylene Blue/Phenyl Salicylate
Brand Name: Examples include Urised and Usept
Usept is used for:

Treating painful and irritating symptoms of the urinary tract due to urinary tract infections or diagnostic procedures.

Usept is a urinary antiseptic, analgesic, and anticholinergic combination. It works by helping to kill bacteria in the urine, decreasing pain and inflammation, and reducing muscle spasms in the urinary tract. These actions work together to help relieve discomfort while urinating.

Do NOT use Usept if: you are allergic to any ingredient in Usept you have had a severe allergic reaction (eg, severe rash, hives, difficulty breathing, dizziness) to aspirin, other salicylate medicines, or a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) (eg, ibuprofen, naproxen, celecoxib) you have angle-closure glaucoma, problems with your esophagus, bowel motility problems, a blockage of your bladder or bowel, severe intestinal problems (eg, ulcerative colitis), severe bleeding, flu or chickenpox, myasthenia gravis, severe kidney problems, or you are severely dehydrated you are taking a sulfonamide (eg, sulfamethizole)

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

Before using Usept:

Some medical conditions may interact with Usept. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances if you have constipation, diarrhea, an infection of the stomach or bowel, a hiatal hernia, or stomach ulcers if you have nervous system problems, glucose-6-phosphate-dehydrogenase (G-6-PD) deficiency, gout, influenza, Kawasaki syndrome, rheumatic disease, open-angle glaucoma, risk factors for angle-closure glaucoma, kidney or liver problems, an enlarged prostate, bladder problems, or you are unable to urinate if you have a history of stroke or brain blood vessel problems (eg, aneurysm), an irregular heartbeat, heart blood vessel problems, congestive heart failure, heart valve problems, or other heart problems if you are on a low-salt diet

Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with Usept. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:

Anticholinergics (eg, benztropine) because the side effects of Usept may be increased Ketoconazole because the effectiveness of Usept may be decreased Monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors or narcotic pain medicine (eg, codeine) because the risk of serious side effects may be increased Medicine for myasthenia gravis (eg, ambenonium), phenothiazines (eg, chlorpromazine), sulfonamides (eg, sulfamethizole), thiazide diuretics (eg, hydrochlorothiazide), or urinary alkalinizers (eg, sodium bicarbonate) because effectiveness may be decreased by Usept

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Usept may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

How to use Usept:

Use Usept as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

Usept may be taken with or without food. Do not take antacids or antidiarrheal medicines (eg, loperamide) within 1 hour before or after taking Usept. Drink plenty of fluids while taking Usept. If you miss a dose of Usept, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Usept.

Important safety information: Usept may cause dizziness. Do not drive, operate machinery, or do anything else that could be dangerous until you know how you react to Usept. Using Usept alone, with certain other medicines, or with alcohol may lessen your ability to drive or perform other potentially dangerous tasks. Do not take Usept more often or in larger amounts than prescribed by your health care provider. Usept may discolor the urine or feces a blue-green color. This is normal and not a cause for concern. Usept contains an aspirin-like medicine, which has been linked to Reye syndrome. Do not give Usept to children or teenagers during or after chickenpox, flu, or other viral infections without checking with your doctor or pharmacist. Use Usept with caution in the ELDERLY because they may be more sensitive to its effects, especially excitement, agitation, drowsiness, and confusion. Usept is not recommended for use in CHILDREN younger than 6 years of age. Safety and effectiveness in this age group have not been confirmed. PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: It is unknown if Usept can cause harm to the fetus. If you become pregnant while taking Usept, discuss with your doctor the benefits and risks of using Usept during pregnancy. Usept is excreted in breast milk. If you are or will be breast-feeding while you are using Usept, check with your doctor or pharmacist to discuss the risks to your baby. Possible side effects of Usept:

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:

Dry mouth; flushing; nausea; vomiting.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); blurred vision; difficulty urinating; dizziness; fast or irregular heartbeat.

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.

See also: Usept side effects (in more detail)

If OVERDOSE is suspected:

Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately.

Proper storage of Usept:

Store Usept at room temperature, between 68 and 77 degrees F (20 and 25 degrees C). Brief storage at temperatures between 59 and 86 degrees F (15 and 30 degrees C) is permitted. Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep Usept out of the reach of children and away from pets.

General information: If you have any questions about Usept, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider. Usept is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people. If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor. Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.

This information is a summary only. It does not contain all information about Usept. If you have questions about the medicine you are taking or would like more information, check with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.

Issue Date: February 1, 2012 Database Edition 12.1.1.002 Copyright © 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. More Usept resources Usept Side Effects (in more detail) Usept Use in Pregnancy & Breastfeeding Usept Drug Interactions Usept Support Group 0 Reviews for Usept - Add your own review/rating Darcalma Prescribing Information (FDA) Darcalma Concise Consumer Information (Cerner Multum) Darpaz Prescribing Information (FDA) Phosenamine Prescribing Information (FDA) Phosphasal Prescribing Information (FDA) Phosphasal Advanced Consumer (Micromedex) - Includes Dosage Information Prosed EC Advanced Consumer (Micromedex) - Includes Dosage Information Urelle Prescribing Information (FDA) Uribel Prescribing Information (FDA) Ustell Prescribing Information (FDA) Compare Usept with other medications Urinary Tract Infection
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Appendectomy Medications


Definition of Appendectomy:

A surgical procedure which involves the removal of an inflamed appendix.

This procedure may be performed through a conventional abdominal incision or using a laparoscope. In both approaches the patient is asleep under general anaesthesia. Convalescence in the hospital is 1 to 3 days. Typically much shorter if performed laparoscopically. Rupture of the appendix can lengthen recovery time considerably.

See: appendicitis.

Drugs associated with Appendectomy

The following drugs and medications are in some way related to, or used in the treatment of Appendectomy. This service should be used as a supplement to, and NOT a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge and judgment of healthcare practitioners.

Learn more about Appendectomy

Medical Encyclopedia:

Appendectomy
Drug List: Zosyn
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trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole Intravenous


sul-fa-meth-OX-a-zole, trye-METH-oh-prim

Available Dosage Forms:

Solution

Therapeutic Class: Sulfonamide Combination

Pharmacologic Class: Folic Acid Antagonist

Chemical Class: Sulfonamide

Uses For trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole

Sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim combination is used to treat intestinal or urinary tract infections. It is also used to treat Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP), a very serious kind of pneumonia. This type of pneumonia occurs more commonly in patients whose immune systems are not working normally, such as cancer patients, transplant patients, and patients with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS).

Sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim combination is an antibiotic. It works by eliminating the bacteria that cause many kinds of infections. trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole will not work for colds, flu, or other virus infections.

trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole is available only with your doctor's prescription.

Before Using trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole

In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole, the following should be considered:

Allergies

Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.

Pediatric

Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated pediatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim combination in children older than 2 months of age. Safety and efficacy have not been established for infants less than 2 months of age.

Geriatric

Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated geriatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim combination in the elderly. However, elderly patients are more likely to have age-related kidney or liver problems, which may require an adjustment in the dose for patients receiving sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim combination.

Pregnancy Pregnancy Category Explanation All Trimesters C Animal studies have shown an adverse effect and there are no adequate studies in pregnant women OR no animal studies have been conducted and there are no adequate studies in pregnant women. Breast Feeding Sulfamethoxazole

There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.

Trimethoprim

Studies in women suggest that this medication poses minimal risk to the infant when used during breastfeeding.

Interactions with Medicines

Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are receiving trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole, it is especially important that your healthcare professional know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.

Using trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole with any of the following medicines is not recommended. Your doctor may decide not to treat you with this medication or change some of the other medicines you take.

Bepridil Cisapride Dofetilide Levomethadyl Mesoridazine Pimozide Terfenadine Thioridazine

Using trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole with any of the following medicines is usually not recommended, but may be required in some cases. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.

Acecainide Acenocoumarol Ajmaline Amiodarone Amisulpride Amitriptyline Amoxapine Aprindine Arsenic Trioxide Astemizole Azimilide Bretylium Chloral Hydrate Chloroquine Chlorpromazine Clarithromycin Desipramine Dibenzepin Disopyramide Dolasetron Doxepin Droperidol Eltrombopag Enflurane Erythromycin Flecainide Fluconazole Fluoxetine Foscarnet Gemifloxacin Halofantrine Haloperidol Halothane Hydroquinidine Ibutilide Imipramine Isoflurane Isradipine Lidoflazine Lorcainide Mefloquine Methotrexate Nortriptyline Octreotide Pentamidine Pirmenol Prajmaline Probucol Procainamide Prochlorperazine Propafenone Pyrimethamine Quetiapine Quinidine Risperidone Sematilide Sertindole Sotalol Spiramycin Sultopride Tedisamil Telithromycin Trifluoperazine Trimipramine Vasopressin Warfarin Zotepine

Using trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole with any of the following medicines may cause an increased risk of certain side effects, but using both drugs may be the best treatment for you. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.

Acetohexamide Anisindione Chlorpropamide Didanosine Digoxin Enalaprilat Enalapril Maleate Fosphenytoin Glipizide Glyburide Phenytoin Quinapril Repaglinide Rifabutin Rosiglitazone Tolazamide Tolbutamide Interactions with Food/Tobacco/Alcohol

Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.

Using trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole with any of the following is usually not recommended, but may be unavoidable in some cases. If used together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole, or give you special instructions about the use of food, alcohol, or tobacco.

Ethanol Other Medical Problems

The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:

Anemia, megaloblastic (caused by not enough folic acid)—Should not be used in patients with this condition. Asthma or Folate deficiency (vitamin B9) or Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency or HIV or AIDS or Kidney disease or Liver disease or Seizures, history of—Use with caution. May have an increased chance of side effects. Proper Use of trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole

A nurse or other trained health professional will give you trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole. trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole is given through a needle placed in one of your veins.

Precautions While Using trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole

It is very important that your doctor check your progress at regular visits to make sure that trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole is working properly. Blood tests may be needed to check for unwanted effects.

Using trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole while you are pregnant can harm your unborn baby. Use an effective form of birth control to keep from getting pregnant. If you think you have become pregnant while using the medicine, tell your doctor right away. Do not breastfeed while using the medicine.

Very rarely, trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole has caused severe side effects. If you start to have a skin rash, or if you think you are having a severe skin reaction, call your doctor or nurse right away. Symptoms of a severe reaction may include a skin rash, skin color that is very pale or yellow, or skin with purple spots, along with a sore throat, fever, muscle pain, cough, and trouble with breathing.

Check with your doctor right away if you have abdominal or stomach cramps; bloating; watery and severe diarrhea, which may also be bloody; nausea or vomiting; or unusual tiredness or weakness. These may be symptoms of a serious intestinal infection.

trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole may cause serious allergic reactions, including anaphylaxis. Anaphylaxis can be life-threatening and requires immediate medical attention. Check with your doctor right away if you have a rash; itching; swelling of the face, tongue, and throat; trouble with breathing; shortness of breath; or chest pain after you get the injection.

Before you have any medical tests, tell the medical doctor in charge that you are taking trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole. The results of some tests may be affected by trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole.

trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole Side Effects

Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor or nurse immediately if any of the following side effects occur:

Rare Abdominal or stomach pain black, tarry stools blistering, peeling, or loosening of skin changes in skin color chest pain chills cough or hoarseness dark urine diarrhea dizziness fever with or without chills general feeling of tiredness or weakness headache itching joint or muscle pain light-colored stools loss of appetite lower back or side pain nausea pain, tenderness, or swelling of foot or leg painful or difficult urination pale skin rash red irritated eyes red skin lesions, often with a purple center shortness of breath sore throat sores, ulcers, or white spots in mouth or on lips swollen or painful glands tightness in chest unpleasant breath odor unusual bleeding or bruising unusual tiredness or weakness vomiting of blood wheezing yellow eyes or skin Incidence not known Abdominal tenderness back, leg, or stomach pains bleeding gums bleeding under the skin blindness or vision changes blisters, hives, or itching bloating blood in urine or stools bluish-colored lips, fingernails, or palms burning, crawling, itching, numbness, painful, prickling, "pins and needles", or tingling feelings burning of face or mouth clumsiness or unsteadiness cloudy urine confusion constipation continuing ringing or buzzing or other unexplained noise in ears convulsions cracks in the skin decreased frequency or amount of urine diarrhea, watery and severe, which may also be bloody difficulty breathing difficulty swallowing dizziness or lightheadedness fainting spells general body swelling general feeling of discomfort or illness hair loss hearing loss increased blood pressure increased thirst indigestion irregular heartbeat large, flat, blue or purplish patches in the skin large, hive-like swelling on face, eyelids, lips, tongue, throat, hands, legs, feet, or sex organs loss of heat from the body muscle or joint pain nosebleeds not able to pass urine numbness or tingling in hands, feet, or lips pain or burning while urinating pains in the stomach, side, or abdomen, possibly radiating to the back painful knees and ankles pinpoint red spots on skin puffiness or swelling of the eyelids or around the eyes, face, lips or tongue raised red swellings on the skin, the buttocks, legs or ankles rapid heart rate red, swollen skin redness of the white part of the eyes redness, swelling, or soreness of tongue scaly skin shakiness and unsteady walk soreness of muscles stiff neck or back swelling of face, hands, legs, and feet swelling or inflammation of the mouth trouble breathing unsteadiness, trembling, or other problems with muscle control or coordination unusual weight loss weakness in hands or feet weakness or heaviness of legs weight gain

Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

More common Hives or welts passing of gas redness of skin stomach pain, fullness, or discomfort Incidence not known Discouragement feeling of constant movement of self or surroundings feeling sad or empty increased sensitivity of skin to sunlight irritability lack of feeling or emotion loss of interest or pleasure nervousness redness or other discoloration of skin seeing, hearing, or feeling things that are not there sensation of spinning severe sunburn sleeplessness trouble concentrating trouble sleeping unable to sleep uncaring

Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

See also: trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole Intravenous side effects (in more detail)

The information contained in the Thomson Reuters Micromedex products as delivered by Drugs.com is intended as an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatment. It is not a substitute for a medical exam, nor does it replace the need for services provided by medical professionals. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before taking any prescription or over the counter drugs (including any herbal medicines or supplements) or following any treatment or regimen. Only your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist can provide you with advice on what is safe and effective for you.

The use of the Thomson Reuters Healthcare products is at your sole risk. These products are provided "AS IS" and "as available" for use, without warranties of any kind, either express or implied. Thomson Reuters Healthcare and Drugs.com make no representation or warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, timeliness, usefulness or completeness of any of the information contained in the products. Additionally, THOMSON REUTERS HEALTHCARE MAKES NO REPRESENTATION OR WARRANTIES AS TO THE OPINIONS OR OTHER SERVICE OR DATA YOU MAY ACCESS, DOWNLOAD OR USE AS A RESULT OF USE OF THE THOMSON REUTERS HEALTHCARE PRODUCTS. ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR USE ARE HEREBY EXCLUDED. Thomson Reuters Healthcare does not assume any responsibility or risk for your use of the Thomson Reuters Healthcare products.

More trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole Intravenous resources Trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole Intravenous Side Effects (in more detail) Trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole Intravenous Use in Pregnancy & Breastfeeding Drug Images Trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole Intravenous Drug Interactions Trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole Intravenous Support Group 156 Reviews for Trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole Intravenous - Add your own review/rating Compare trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole Intravenous with other medications Acne Bacterial Infection Bacterial Skin Infection Bronchitis Diverticulitis Epiglottitis Granuloma Inguinale Infection Prophylaxis Kidney Infections Melioidosis Meningitis Nocardiosis Otitis Media Pneumocystis Pneumonia Pneumocystis Pneumonia Prophylaxis Pneumonia Prevention of Bladder infection Prostatitis Shigellosis Sinusitis Toxoplasmosis Toxoplasmosis, Prophylaxis Traveler's Diarrhea Upper Respiratory Tract Infection Urinary Tract Infection
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Hereditary Angioedema Medications


Definition of Hereditary Angioedema: Hereditary angioedema is a rare but serious problem with the immune system that is passed down through families. It causes swelling, particularly of the face and airways, and abdominal cramping.

Drugs associated with Hereditary Angioedema

The following drugs and medications are in some way related to, or used in the treatment of Hereditary Angioedema. This service should be used as a supplement to, and NOT a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge and judgment of healthcare practitioners.

Learn more about Hereditary Angioedema

Medical Encyclopedia:

Hereditary angioedema
Drug List: Berinert Cinryze Firazyr Kalbitor
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L-Methylfolate/B12/B6/B2


Pronunciation: meth-ill-FOE-late
Generic Name: L-Methylfolate/B12/B6/B2
Brand Name: Cerefolin
L-Methylfolate/B12/B6/B2 is used for:

Managing hyperhomocysteinemia or to supplement the diet. It may also be used to treat other conditions as determined by your doctor.

L-Methylfolate/B12/B6/B2 is a vitamin combination. It provides nutritional supplementation for certain nutritional requirements.

Do NOT use L-Methylfolate/B12/B6/B2 if: you are allergic to any ingredient in L-Methylfolate/B12/B6/B2

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

Before using L-Methylfolate/B12/B6/B2:

Some medical conditions may interact with L-Methylfolate/B12/B6/B2. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

if you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances if you have Leber hereditary optic atrophy (an eye disease) or megaloblastic anemia

Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with L-Methylfolate/B12/B6/B2. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:

Fluorouracil because its actions and side effects may be increased Hydantoins (eg, phenytoin) because the effectiveness of these medicines may be decreased, leading to increased seizure frequency

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if L-Methylfolate/B12/B6/B2 may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

How to use L-Methylfolate/B12/B6/B2:

Use L-Methylfolate/B12/B6/B2 as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

L-Methylfolate/B12/B6/B2 may be taken with or without food. If you miss taking a dose of L-Methylfolate/B12/B6/B2 for 1 or more days, there is no cause for concern. If your doctor recommended that you take it, try to remember your dose every day.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use L-Methylfolate/B12/B6/B2.

Important safety information: Do not take large doses of vitamins unless directed to by your doctor. Check any other vitamin products you may be taking for folic acid content. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if any other medicine that you take contains folic acid. PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you plan on becoming pregnant, discuss with your doctor the benefits and risks of using L-Methylfolate/B12/B6/B2 during pregnancy. It is unknown if L-Methylfolate/B12/B6/B2 is excreted in breast milk. If you are or will be breast-feeding while you are using L-Methylfolate/B12/B6/B2, check with your doctor or pharmacist to discuss the risks to your baby. Possible side effects of L-Methylfolate/B12/B6/B2:

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:

Drowsiness; feeling of swelling of the entire body; mild diarrhea; numbness or tingling.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue).

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.

If OVERDOSE is suspected:

Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately.

Proper storage of L-Methylfolate/B12/B6/B2:

Store L-Methylfolate/B12/B6/B2 at room temperature between 59 and 86 degrees F (15 and 30 degrees C) away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep L-Methylfolate/B12/B6/B2 out of the reach of children and away from pets.

General information: If you have any questions about L-Methylfolate/B12/B6/B2, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider. L-Methylfolate/B12/B6/B2 is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people. If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor. Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.

This information is a summary only. It does not contain all information about L-Methylfolate/B12/B6/B2. If you have questions about the medicine you are taking or would like more information, check with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.

Issue Date: February 1, 2012 Database Edition 12.1.1.002 Copyright © 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. More L-Methylfolate/B12/B6/B2 resources L-Methylfolate/B12/B6/B2 Use in Pregnancy & Breastfeeding L-Methylfolate/B12/B6/B2 Drug Interactions L-Methylfolate/B12/B6/B2 Support Group 4 Reviews for L-Methylfolate/B12/B6/B2 - Add your own review/rating Compare L-Methylfolate/B12/B6/B2 with other medications Dietary Supplementation Hyperhomocysteinemia
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Gas-X Extra Strength Liquid


Pronunciation: sih-METH-ih-cone
Generic Name: Simethicone
Brand Name: Gas-X Extra Strength
Gas-X Extra Strength Liquid is used for:

Relieving pressure, bloating, and gas in the digestive tract. It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.

Gas-X Extra Strength Liquid is an antiflatulent. It works by breaking up gas bubbles, which makes gas easier to eliminate.

Do NOT use Gas-X Extra Strength Liquid if: you are allergic to any ingredient in Gas-X Extra Strength Liquid

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

Before using Gas-X Extra Strength Liquid:

Some medical conditions may interact with Gas-X Extra Strength Liquid. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances

Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with Gas-X Extra Strength Liquid. However, no specific interactions with Gas-X Extra Strength Liquid are known at this time.

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Gas-X Extra Strength Liquid may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

How to use Gas-X Extra Strength Liquid:

Use Gas-X Extra Strength Liquid as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

Take Gas-X Extra Strength Liquid as needed after meals and at bedtime, unless otherwise directed by your doctor. Use a measuring device marked for medicine dosing. Ask your pharmacist for help if you are unsure of how to measure your dose. If you miss a dose of Gas-X Extra Strength Liquid and you are using it regularly, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Gas-X Extra Strength Liquid.

Important safety information: Do not exceed the recommended dose without checking with your doctor. If your condition persists, contact your health care provider. PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you become pregnant while taking Gas-X Extra Strength Liquid, discuss with your doctor the benefits and risks of using Gas-X Extra Strength Liquid during pregnancy. It is unknown if Gas-X Extra Strength Liquid is excreted in breast milk. If you are or will be breast-feeding while you are taking Gas-X Extra Strength Liquid, check with your doctor or pharmacist to discuss the risks to your baby. Possible side effects of Gas-X Extra Strength Liquid:

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. When used in small doses, no COMMON side effects have been reported with this product. Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue).

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.

See also: Gas-X Extra Strength side effects (in more detail)

If OVERDOSE is suspected:

Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center ( http://www.aapcc.org), or emergency room immediately.

Proper storage of Gas-X Extra Strength Liquid:

Store Gas-X Extra Strength Liquid at room temperature, between 59 and 86 degrees F (15 and 30 degrees C). Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Avoid temperatures above 104 degrees F (40 degrees C). Keep Gas-X Extra Strength Liquid out of the reach of children and away from pets.

General information: If you have any questions about Gas-X Extra Strength Liquid, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider. Gas-X Extra Strength Liquid is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people. If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor. Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.

This information is a summary only. It does not contain all information about Gas-X Extra Strength Liquid. If you have questions about the medicine you are taking or would like more information, check with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.

Issue Date: February 1, 2012 Database Edition 12.1.1.002 Copyright © 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. More Gas-X Extra Strength resources Gas-X Extra Strength Side Effects (in more detail) Gas-X Extra Strength Use in Pregnancy & Breastfeeding Gas-X Extra Strength Support Group 2 Reviews for Gas-X Extra Strength - Add your own review/rating Compare Gas-X Extra Strength with other medications Gas
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Gas-X Infant Drops Liquid Drops


Pronunciation: sih-METH-ih-cone
Generic Name: Simethicone
Brand Name: Gas-X Infant Drops
Gas-X Infant Drops Liquid Drops are used for:

Relieving pressure, bloating, and gas in the digestive tract. It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.

Gas-X Infant Drops Liquid Drops are an antiflatulent. It works by breaking up gas bubbles, which makes gas easier to eliminate.

Do NOT use Gas-X Infant Drops Liquid Drops if: you are allergic to any ingredient in Gas-X Infant Drops Liquid Drops

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

Before using Gas-X Infant Drops Liquid Drops:

Some medical conditions may interact with Gas-X Infant Drops Liquid Drops. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances

Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with Gas-X Infant Drops Liquid Drops. However, no specific interactions with Gas-X Infant Drops Liquid Drops are known at this time.

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Gas-X Infant Drops Liquid Drops may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

How to use Gas-X Infant Drops Liquid Drops:

Use Gas-X Infant Drops Liquid Drops as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

Take Gas-X Infant Drops Liquid Drops as needed after meals and at bedtime, unless otherwise directed by your doctor. Fill the enclosed dropper to the recommended dose level and dispense liquid slowly into the infant's mouth, toward the inner cheek. The dose may be mixed with 1 ounce cool water, infant formula, or juice. Do not add Gas-X Infant Drops Liquid Drops to hot liquid. Clean dropper after each use and replace original cap. If you miss a dose of Gas-X Infant Drops Liquid Drops and you are using it regularly, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Gas-X Infant Drops Liquid Drops.

Important safety information: Do not exceed the recommended dose without checking with your doctor. If your condition persists, contact your health care provider. PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you become pregnant while taking Gas-X Infant Drops Liquid Drops, discuss with your doctor the benefits and risks of using Gas-X Infant Drops Liquid Drops during pregnancy. It is unknown if Gas-X Infant Drops Liquid Drops are excreted in breast milk. If you are or will be breast-feeding while you are taking Gas-X Infant Drops Liquid Drops, check with your doctor or pharmacist to discuss the risks to your baby. Possible side effects of Gas-X Infant Drops Liquid Drops:

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. When used in small doses, no COMMON side effects have been reported with this product. Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue).

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.

See also: Gas-X Infant side effects (in more detail)

If OVERDOSE is suspected:

Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately.

Proper storage of Gas-X Infant Drops Liquid Drops:

Store Gas-X Infant Drops Liquid Drops at room temperature, between 59 and 86 degrees F (15 and 30 degrees C). Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep Gas-X Infant Drops Liquid Drops out of the reach of children and away from pets.

General information: If you have any questions about Gas-X Infant Drops Liquid Drops, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider. Gas-X Infant Drops Liquid Drops are to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people. If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor. Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.

This information is a summary only. It does not contain all information about Gas-X Infant Drops Liquid Drops. If you have questions about the medicine you are taking or would like more information, check with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.

Issue Date: February 1, 2012 Database Edition 12.1.1.002 Copyright © 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. More Gas-X Infant Drops resources Gas-X Infant Drops Side Effects (in more detail) Gas-X Infant Drops Use in Pregnancy & Breastfeeding Gas-X Infant Drops Support Group 2 Reviews for Gas-X Infant - Add your own review/rating Compare Gas-X Infant Drops with other medications Gas
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Charcoal


Pronunciation: CHAR-kole/sye-METH-i-kone
Generic Name: Charcoal
Brand Name: Examples include Bicarsim and Bicarsim Forte
Charcoal is used for:

Relieving pressure, bloating, and gas in the digestive tract. It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.

Charcoal is an antiflatulent and adsorbent combination. It works by breaking up gas bubbles, which makes the gas easier to eliminate.

Do NOT use Charcoal if: you are allergic to any ingredient in Charcoal

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

Before using Charcoal:

Some medical conditions may interact with Charcoal. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances

Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with Charcoal. However, no specific interactions with Charcoal are known at this time.

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Charcoal may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

How to use Charcoal:

Use Charcoal as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

Take Charcoal as needed after meals and at bedtime, unless otherwise directed by your doctor. Charcoal may interfere with the absorption of many other medicines. Talk to your doctor about taking Charcoal 2 hours before or after taking any other medicine. If you miss a dose of Charcoal and you are using it regularly, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Charcoal.

Important safety information: Do not exceed the recommended dose without checking with your doctor. If your condition persists, contact your doctor. Charcoal may cause your stools to turn black. PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you become pregnant while taking Charcoal, discuss with your doctor the benefits and risks of using Charcoal during pregnancy. It is unknown if Charcoal is excreted in breast milk. If you are or will be breast-feeding while you are taking Charcoal, check with your doctor or pharmacist to discuss the risks to your baby. Possible side effects of Charcoal:

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:

Constipation; diarrhea; temporary darkening of the stool; vomiting.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue).

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.

If OVERDOSE is suspected:

Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately.

Proper storage of Charcoal:

Store Charcoal at room temperature, between 59 and 86 degrees F (15 and 30 degrees C). Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Avoid temperatures above 104 degrees F (40 degrees C). Keep Charcoal out of the reach of children and away from pets.

General information: If you have any questions about Charcoal, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider. Charcoal is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people. If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor. Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.

This information is a summary only. It does not contain all information about Charcoal. If you have questions about the medicine you are taking or would like more information, check with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.

Issue Date: February 1, 2012 Database Edition 12.1.1.002 Copyright © 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. More Charcoal resources Charcoal Use in Pregnancy & Breastfeeding Charcoal Drug Interactions Charcoal Support Group 0 Reviews for Charcoal - Add your own review/rating Charcoal Natural MedFacts for Professionals (Wolters Kluwer) charcoal Concise Consumer Information (Cerner Multum) Charcoal, Activated Monograph (AHFS DI) Compare Charcoal with other medications Gas
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Creon Micro


Creon Micro

Pancreatin 60.12 mg
Gastro-resistant Granules

Important things you SHOULD know about Creon Micro Creon Micro is a pancreatic enzyme supplement for people whose bodies do not make enough enzymes to digest their food. Give the amount of the granules as prescribed by the doctor. Give Creon Micro with a meal or a snack and provide plenty of water. Do not give Creon Micro if the patient is allergic to pork or any pig product or any of the ingredients of Creon Micro (listed in section 6). If the patient experiences severe abdominal pain while taking Creon Micro, contact the doctor immediately. Most people do not have problems taking Creon Micro but side effects can occur. (see section 4)

Please read the rest of this leaflet carefully before you start giving these granules.

Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again. If you have any further questions, ask a doctor or pharmacist. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm them, even if their symptoms are the same. If any of the side effects gets serious, or if you notice any side effects not listed in this leaflet, please tell a doctor or pharmacist. How to find the information you need 1. About Creon Micro

What Creon Micro is and how it works.

2. Before you give Creon Micro

Who can take Creon Micro?

Can you take Creon Micro if you are pregnant or breast feeding?

Driving or operating machinery.

3. How to give Creon Micro

How much Creon Micro you should give.

When you should give Creon Micro.

How you should give Creon Micro.

What to do if you give too much Creon Micro.

What to do if you forget a dose.

4. Possible side effects

Abdominal symptoms (such as abdominal pain).

Side effects and what to do if the patient gets them.

5. How to store Creon Micro

How and where to keep this medicine.

6. Further information

The ingredients in Creon Micro.

More information about cystic fibrosis and pancreatitis.

About Creon Micro What is Creon Micro Creon Micro is a high strength pancreatic enzyme supplement. Pancreatic enzyme supplements are used by people whose bodies do not make enough of their own enzymes to digest their food. Creon Micro granules contains a mixture of the natural enzymes which are used to digest food. The enzymes are taken from pig pancreas glands. How does Creon Micro work?

The enzymes in Creon Micro work by digesting food as it passes through the gut. So, you must give Creon Micro with a meal or a snack. This will allow the enzymes to mix thoroughly with the food.

Before you give Creon Micro Do not give Creon Micro if: The doctor has told you that the patient is in the early stages of inflammation of the pancreas (acute pancreatitis). The patient is allergic (or hypersensitive) to pork or any pig product or any of the ingredients of Creon Micro (listed in section 6).

If any of the above applies to the patient, do not give Creon Micro. Talk to the doctor or dietician again.

Talk to the doctor, if: you are pregnant or trying to get pregnant (Creon Micro can be used while breast feeding)

Please tell the doctor, dietician, or pharmacist if you think that the patient should not take Creon Micro for any other reason.

If the patient drives or use machines

It is unlikely that Creon Micro will affect the patient’s ability to drive or operate tools or machines.

How to give Creon Micro How much Creon Micro to give Always follow the doctor or dietician’s advice on how many granules to give. The usual starting dose is 100 mg. The maximum amount you may give should not be greater than 10,000 units lipase/kg/day. If the doctor advises you to increase the dose you give, you should do so slowly. If the patient still has fatty stools or abdominal pain, talk to the doctor or dietician. When to give Creon Micro Always give Creon Micro with a meal or a snack and provide plenty of water. (see section 1). How to give Creon Micro to babies and infants Mix the granules with a small amount of undiluted apple juice Provide plenty of liquid every day. Weaned infants Mix the granules with soft food (e.g. apple puree). Make sure the infant swallows all the granules immediately, without chewing. Provide plenty of liquid every day. How long to give Creon Micro

You should keep giving the medicine until the doctor tells you to stop. Many patients will need to take pancreatic enzyme supplements for the rest of their lives.

If you give the patient too much Creon Micro

If you give the patient too much Creon Micro, he/she should drink plenty of water and see the doctor immediately.

If you forget a dose

If you forget to give the medicine, wait until the next meal and give the usual dose. Do not try to make up for the dose that you have missed. Just give the next dose at the usual time.

Creon Micro Side Effects

Like all medicines, Creon Micro can cause side effects (unwanted effects or reactions), but not everyone gets them.

If the patient has severe or long-lasting abdominal pain, contact the doctor immediately.

If you notice any unusual abdominal symptoms while taking Creon Micro – contact the doctor.

Very common side effects (more than 1 in 10 patients): Stomach pains Common side effects (affect 1–10 patients out of 100): Diarrhoea Constipation Feeling or being sick Uncommon side effects (affect 1–10 patients out of 1000): Skin reactions, such as a rash or itching.

At extremely high doses, some patients have had high levels of uric acid in their blood and urine.

If any of the side effects gets serious, or if you notice any side effects not listed in this leaflet, please tell a doctor or pharmacist.

How to store Creon Micro How and where to keep the medicine

Keep all medicines where children cannot reach or see them, preferably locked in a cupboard or medicine cabinet.

Do not store above 30 °C and keep in the original container. The enzymes in Creon Micro are natural products and their ability to digest food decreases over time. If the container is left in warm conditions (e. g. the glove compartment of a car), the digestive activity decreases faster.

Use Creon Micro within 12 weeks of opening the container.

Do not give Creon Micro capsules after the expiry date on the container.

Return all unused medicine to your pharmacist.

Further information The ingredients in Creon Micro

The active ingredient in Creon Micro is pancreatin.

Each scoop measure contains 100 mg. One measure of 100 mg contains gastro-resistant granules of pancreatin is equivalent to the following list of enzymes:

(Ph. Eur. Units per Capsule)

Lipase: 5,000
Amylase: 3,600
Protease: 200

The granules are coated with a mixture of the following ingredients: macrogol 4000, hypromellose phthalate, dimeticone, triethyl citrate and cetyl alcohol.

Each container contains about 200 measures.

The Marketing Authorisation holder is: Solvay Healthcare Ltd Southampton SO18 3JD UK The Manufacturer is: Solvay Pharmaceuticals GmbH 31535 Neustadt a. Rbge Germany More information about cystic fibrosis and pancreatitis

You can find out more about Cystic Fibrosis from the following organisation:

The CF Trust 11 London Road Bromley BR1 1BY

You can find out more about Pancreatitis from the following organisation:

Pancreatitis Supporters Network PO Box 8938 Birmingham B13 9FW

registered trade mark

This leaflet was last amended in September 2009.


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Indocin Intravenous


Generic Name: indomethacin (Intravenous route)

in-doe-METH-a-sin

Commonly used brand name(s)

In the U.S.

Indocin

Available Dosage Forms:

Powder for Solution

Therapeutic Class: Analgesic

Pharmacologic Class: NSAID

Chemical Class: Acetic Acid (class)

Uses For Indocin

Indomethacin injection is used to treat patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in premature infants (babies born too early) who weigh between 500 and 1750 grams. PDA is a heart problem where a blood vessel, the ductus arteriosus, fails to close normally after birth. This blood vessel is only used before birth, and is no longer needed after the baby is born. Indomethacin injection works by causing the PDA to constrict, and this closes the blood vessel. This medicine is used when other medical treatment for PDA fails after 48 hours.

This medicine is available only with your doctor's prescription.

Before Using Indocin

In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For this medicine, the following should be considered:

Allergies

Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to this medicine or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.

Pediatric

Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated pediatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of indomethacin injection in premature babies.

Geriatric

No information is available on the relationship of age to the effects of indomethacin injection in geriatric patients.

Breast Feeding

Studies in women suggest that this medication poses minimal risk to the infant when used during breastfeeding.

Interactions with Medicines

Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are receiving this medicine, it is especially important that your healthcare professional know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.

Using this medicine with any of the following medicines is not recommended. Your doctor may decide not to treat you with this medication or change some of the other medicines you take.

Ketorolac Pentoxifylline

Using this medicine with any of the following medicines is usually not recommended, but may be required in some cases. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.

Abciximab Ardeparin Argatroban Beta Glucan Bivalirudin Certoparin Cilostazol Citalopram Clopidogrel Clovoxamine Dabigatran Etexilate Dalteparin Danaparoid Desirudin Digoxin Dipyridamole Enoxaparin Escitalopram Femoxetine Flesinoxan Fluoxetine Fluvoxamine Fondaparinux Ginkgo Heparin Lepirudin Methotrexate Nadroparin Nefazodone Parnaparin Paroxetine Pemetrexed Potassium Protein C Reviparin Rivaroxaban Sertraline Sibutramine Tacrolimus Ticlopidine Tinzaparin Tirofiban Vilazodone Zimeldine

Using this medicine with any of the following medicines may cause an increased risk of certain side effects, but using both drugs may be the best treatment for you. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.

Acebutolol Acetohexamide Alacepril Alprenolol Amiloride Arotinolol Atenolol Azilsartan Medoxomil Azosemide Befunolol Bemetizide Benazepril Bendroflumethiazide Benzthiazide Betaxolol Bevantolol Bisoprolol Bopindolol Bucindolol Bumetanide Bupranolol Buthiazide Candesartan Cilexetil Canrenoate Captopril Carteolol Carvedilol Celiprolol Chlorothiazide Chlorpropamide Chlorthalidone Cilazapril Clopamide Cyclopenthiazide Cyclosporine Delapril Desvenlafaxine Dilevalol Dipyridamole Duloxetine Enalaprilat Enalapril Maleate Eprosartan Esmolol Ethacrynic Acid Fosinopril Furosemide Gentamicin Gliclazide Glimepiride Glipizide Gliquidone Glyburide Hydrochlorothiazide Hydroflumethiazide Imidapril Indapamide Irbesartan Labetalol Landiolol Levobetaxolol Levobunolol Lisinopril Lithium Losartan Mepindolol Methyclothiazide Metipranolol Metolazone Metoprolol Milnacipran Moexipril Nadolol Nebivolol Nipradilol Olmesartan Medoxomil Oxprenolol Penbutolol Pentopril Perindopril Pindolol Piretanide Polythiazide Propranolol Quinapril Ramipril Sotalol Spirapril Spironolactone Talinolol Tasosartan Telmisartan Temocapril Tertatolol Timolol Tolazamide Tolbutamide Torsemide Trandolapril Triamterene Trichlormethiazide Valsartan Venlafaxine Warfarin Xipamide Zofenopril Interactions with Food/Tobacco/Alcohol

Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. Discuss with your healthcare professional the use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco.

Other Medical Problems

The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of this medicine. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:

Active bleeding (e.g., brain hemorrhage or stomach bleeding) or Bleeding problems (e.g., thrombocytopenia) or Congenital heart disease or Infection, untreated or Kidney problem or Necrotizing enterocolitis, known or suspected (an inflamed intestine)—Should not be used in babies with these conditions. Liver disease—Use with caution. Effects may be increased because of slower removal of the medicine from the body. Proper Use of Indocin

A nurse or other trained health professional will give this medicine to your baby. This medicine is given through a needle placed in one of your baby's veins.

Precautions While Using Indocin

Indomethacin injection may change how the body reacts during an infection. Your baby's doctor will monitor your baby for any signs of infection (e.g., fever, chills, or other unusual behavior).

This medicine may affect the action of platelets, which are necessary for clotting the blood. This may increase the chance of bleeding for your baby. Your baby's doctor will monitor your baby for any unusual bleeding or bruising, any dark-colored urine or stools, or other signs of bleeding in your baby.

This medicine may decrease your baby's urine volume. This may increase your baby's chance of having kidney problems or low sodium in the blood (hyponatremia). Blood and urine tests will be needed to check for any signs of these risks.

Liver problems may occur while your baby is receiving this medicine. Stop using this medicine and check with your baby's doctor right away if your baby is having more than one of these symptoms: abdominal pain or tenderness; clay-colored stools; dark urine; decreased appetite; fever; headache; itching; loss of appetite; nausea and vomiting; skin rash; swelling of the feet or lower legs; unusual tiredness or weakness; or yellow eyes or skin.

Do not take other medicines unless they have been discussed with your doctor. This includes prescription or nonprescription (over-the-counter [OTC]) medicines and herbal or vitamin supplements.

Indocin Side Effects

Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor or nurse immediately if any of the following side effects occur:

More common Abdominal or stomach pain ammonia-like breath odor bloody or black, tarry stools coma confusion constipation convulsions decreased urine output difficult breathing dizziness fast or irregular heartbeat headache, sudden, severe increased thirst irregular heartbeat loss of appetite muscle pain or cramps nausea and vomiting nervousness numbness or tingling in the hands, feet, or lips severe stomach pain shortness of breath swelling of the face, ankles, or hands unusual tiredness or weakness vomiting of blood or material that looks like coffee grounds weakness or heaviness of the legs weight loss Less common Anxiety blurred vision chills cold sweats cool, pale skin depression full or bloated feeling heartburn increased hunger indigestion nightmares noisy, rattling breathing pressure in the stomach seizures severe abdominal or stomach pain, cramping, or burning severe constipation severe vomiting shakiness slurred speech swelling of the abdominal or stomach area swelling of the fingers, hands, feet, or lower legs troubled breathing at rest unusual bruising or bleeding vomiting of material that looks like coffee grounds, severe and continuing weight gain

Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

See also: Indocin Intravenous side effects (in more detail)

The information contained in the Thomson Reuters Micromedex products as delivered by Drugs.com is intended as an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatment. It is not a substitute for a medical exam, nor does it replace the need for services provided by medical professionals. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before taking any prescription or over the counter drugs (including any herbal medicines or supplements) or following any treatment or regimen. Only your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist can provide you with advice on what is safe and effective for you.

The use of the Thomson Reuters Healthcare products is at your sole risk. These products are provided "AS IS" and "as available" for use, without warranties of any kind, either express or implied. Thomson Reuters Healthcare and Drugs.com make no representation or warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, timeliness, usefulness or completeness of any of the information contained in the products. Additionally, THOMSON REUTERS HEALTHCARE MAKES NO REPRESENTATION OR WARRANTIES AS TO THE OPINIONS OR OTHER SERVICE OR DATA YOU MAY ACCESS, DOWNLOAD OR USE AS A RESULT OF USE OF THE THOMSON REUTERS HEALTHCARE PRODUCTS. ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR USE ARE HEREBY EXCLUDED. Thomson Reuters Healthcare does not assume any responsibility or risk for your use of the Thomson Reuters Healthcare products.

More Indocin Intravenous resources Indocin Intravenous Side Effects (in more detail) Indocin Intravenous Use in Pregnancy & Breastfeeding Drug Images Indocin Intravenous Drug Interactions Indocin Intravenous Support Group 14 Reviews for Indocin Intravenous - Add your own review/rating Compare Indocin Intravenous with other medications Ankylosing Spondylitis Back Pain Bartter Syndrome Bursitis Cluster Headaches Frozen Shoulder Gitelman Syndrome Gout, Acute Langerhans' Cell Histiocytosis Osteoarthritis Pain Patent Ductus Arteriosus Rheumatoid Arthritis Sciatica Tendonitis
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Simethicone Suspension


Pronunciation: sih-METH-ih-cone
Generic Name: Simethicone
Brand Name: Examples include Genasyme and Mylicon
Simethicone Suspension is used for:

Relieving pressure, bloating, and gas in the digestive tract. It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.

Simethicone Suspension is an antiflatulent. It works by breaking up gas bubbles, which makes gas easier to eliminate.

Do NOT use Simethicone Suspension if: you are allergic to any ingredient in Simethicone Suspension

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

Before using Simethicone Suspension:

Some medical conditions may interact with Simethicone Suspension. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances

Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with Simethicone Suspension. However, no specific interactions with Simethicone Suspension are known at this time.

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Simethicone Suspension may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

How to use Simethicone Suspension:

Use Simethicone Suspension as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

Take Simethicone Suspension as needed after meals and at bedtime, unless otherwise directed by your doctor. Shake Simethicone Suspension well before using. Fill the enclosed dropper to the recommended dose level and dispense liquid slowly into the infant's mouth, toward the inner cheek. The dose may be mixed with 1 ounce cool water, infant formula, or juice. Do not add Simethicone Suspension to hot liquid. Clean dropper after each use and replace original cap. If you miss a dose of Simethicone Suspension and you are using it regularly, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Simethicone Suspension.

Important safety information: Do not exceed the recommended dose without checking with your doctor. If your condition persists, contact your health care provider. PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you become pregnant while taking Simethicone Suspension, discuss with your doctor the benefits and risks of using Simethicone Suspension during pregnancy. It is unknown if Simethicone Suspension is excreted in breast milk. If you are or will be breast-feeding while you are taking Simethicone Suspension, check with your doctor or pharmacist to discuss the risks to your baby. Possible side effects of Simethicone Suspension:

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. When used in small doses, no COMMON side effects have been reported with this product. Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue).

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.

If OVERDOSE is suspected:

Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately.

Proper storage of Simethicone Suspension:

Store Simethicone Suspension at room temperature, between 59 and 86 degrees F (15 and 30 degrees C). Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep Simethicone Suspension out of the reach of children and away from pets.

General information: If you have any questions about Simethicone Suspension, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider. Simethicone Suspension is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people. If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor. Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.

This information is a summary only. It does not contain all information about Simethicone Suspension. If you have questions about the medicine you are taking or would like more information, check with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.

Issue Date: February 1, 2012 Database Edition 12.1.1.002 Copyright © 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. More Simethicone resources Simethicone Use in Pregnancy & Breastfeeding Drug Images Simethicone Support Group 2 Reviews for Simethicone - Add your own review/rating Compare Simethicone with other medications Endoscopy or Radiology Premedication Functional Gastric Disorder Gas Postoperative Gas Pains
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